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Larger and older fish individuals within a population tend to experience a larger mortality probability than smaller and younger individuals. This implies that fishing selects against life-history traits correlating with body size, such as growth capacity, reproductive investment and timing of maturation. It is currently unkown whether individuals vulnerable to fishing gear differ systematically from the average individual in terms of growth capacity and reproductive investment. Here, we present results that supports that angling does not constitute a stochastic process for targeting life-history traits in a marine sedentary fish populations. Individuals from a wild population of Serranus scriba were sampled using two different gears to obtain a random sample regarding life-history traits (beam trawl) and a hook-and-line-sample (angling). We fitted individual back-calculated size-at-age data to life-history models to obtain the parameters maximum size (Lmax) and reproduction investment (g). In line with expectations we found that individuals vulnerable to angling exhibited larger maximum sizes and lower values for reproductive investments, collectively indicating faster growing individuals in terms of somatic growth. Thus, our study suggests that systematic removal of vulnerable fish will exert selection pressures for increasing reproductive investment and smaller maximum sizes, which will penalize the average growth rate of individuals in the population.