Peak Oil: Peak oil is when the maximum rate of global petroleum extraction is reached;
after which the rate of production enters terminal decline. It is important because it will
create a condition of higher demands than reserves, therefore increasing prices.
In the International Energy Agency’s 2008 World Energy Outlook report,
the IEA change of their position on the rate of decline of world’s oil fields
supply from 3.7% a year (2007) to a projected rate of decline of 6.7% a
international energy agency
Energy Descent refers
to retraction of oil use
due to the advent of
peak oil. A transition
from the ascending use 2
of energy (since the 3
Billion of BBLS/ YR
industrial revolution) to 4
a descending use of 5
1900 1925 1950 1975 2000 2025 2050 2075 2100
‘Climate change says we should Years
change, whereas peak oil says we
will be forced to change.’
Rob Hopkins Rob Hopkins inverts the classic peak oil graph.
Resilience to Energy Shocks: Resilience refers to the ability of a
system to maintain its ability to function in the face of change and
shocks from the outside.
An Energy Descent Action Plan (EDAP) is a local plan
for preparing for energy descent.
Who is doing it?
United Nations The Oil Crun
Securing the U ch
K’s energy future
National Government First report of
the UK Industry
Taskforce on Pe
ak Oil & Energy
Think tanks (some)
Cities / Towns (a few)
Transition Towns (100s)
The local Energy Descent Action Plan is a process
in development by the Transition movement.
The Transition movement proposes that a move towards
localized energy efficient living could create better
qualitative living standards than we now have.
Climate Change is happening. Peak Oil is imminent.
Our world is changing. Will we design that change
or suffer the consequences of our inability to act?
RISING TO THE CHALLENGE
Transition Town Brixton is a community-led initiative,
to engage all sectors of the community in designing our
ocal pathway from oil dependency to a better low energy,
ow carbon future. Our aims are:
•to raise awareness of Climate Change and Peak Oil.
•to ‘vision’ a better low-energy future for Brixton.
•to design the ‘Brixton Energy Descent Action Plan’.
•to make it happen.
S T O RY S O FA R
During our first year TTB has held many events, film
presentations, discussions, visionings, & working group
meetings. TTB has worked with Lambeth on the FUTURE
BRIXTON regeneration plan. TTB has initiated the
ABUNDANCE Project; a green mapping & urban food
O N WA R D S
We will continue raising awareness, visioning and research-
ng future possibilities. We plan to actively involve more
of the Brixton community. We will form more working
groups to vision and plan towards creating the Brixton
Energy Descent Action Plan. We will begin our Reskilling
courses for a more localised, low energy lifestyle. We will
create visible practical projects to realise the vision. We
are working to revive the Brixton Local Exchange Trading Rethink, Reconnect & Relocalise.
Scheme, to create a Brixton Food Hub and many other
projects. PROGRAmmE OF EvENTS
It goes beyond issues of energy supply, to look at
across-the-board creative adaptations in the realms of
health, education, economy and more. The approach
attempts to engage entire communities in the process
Key Assumption: start
Life with dramatically awareness
consumption is working
How does the EDAP work?
The EDAP process explores
the current situation
the ideal situation.
It creates pathways for moving from one to the other.
The Energy Descent Action Plan:
• works locally
• empowers communities
• engages local communities
• takes a systemic approach
• is inclusive
• is based on ideas from permaculture
Sweden & UK - Laws Without a Plan?
A: Sweden released a national action plan in 2006 to reduce Climate Change Act 2008
oil consumption in Sweden by 50% by 2020. CHAPTER 27
B: The UK passed The Climate Change Bill in 2008. CONTENTS
Policies measures to implement the law are vague.
OIL PART 1
CARBON TARGET AND BUDGETING
Descending the Oil Peak:
OAKLAND Navigating the Transition
ACTION PLAN from Oil and Natural Gas
CITIES: February 2008
The target for 2050
The target for 2050
2 Amendment of 2050 target or baseline year
Oakland & Portland 3 Consultation on order amending 2050 target or baseline year
Report of the City of Portland
Peak Oil Task Force
A: Oil Independence Oakland Action Plan Carbon budgeting
4 Carbon budgets
1 foreword:Layout 1 01/05/2008 16:27 Page 3
B: Descending the Oil Peak 5
Level of carbon budgets
Amendment of target percentages
7 Consultation on order setting or amending target percentages
8 Setting of carbon budgets for budgetary periods
9 Consultation on carbon budgets
10 Matters to be taken into account in connection with carbon budgets
THINK TANKS: ®
Limit on use of carbon units
11 Limit on use of carbon units
Centre for Altenative Technology
Indicative annual ranges
& Rocky Mountain Institute 12 Duty to provide indicative annual ranges for net UK carbon account
A: CAT - Zero Carbon Britain outlines bold policy drivers to Proposals and policies for meeting carbon budgets
13 Duty to prepare proposals and policies for meeting carbon budgets
reduce carbon emissions to zero within 20 years. 14
Duty to report on proposals and policies for meeting carbon budgets
Duty to have regard to need for UK domestic action on climate change
B: The Rocky Mountain Institute - Winning the Oil Endgame
A roadmap to get the United States off oil using biofuel.
Kinsale 2021: EDAP 2005- ...how Kinsale, a West Cork town of about 7,000
Kinsale Further Education College 2021 people, could make the transition from a high
Ireland energy consumption town to a low energy one.
Commission on Oil Independence 2005- In 2005 the government of Sweden announced
Sweden 2020 their intention to make Sweden the first country to
break its dependence on fossil fuels by 2020.
Zero Carbon Britain 2006- Zero carbon britain is a radical vision of Britain’s
Centre for Alternative Technology 2026 energy future, outlining bold policy drivers to reduce
UK carbon emissions to zero within 20 years.
Descending Peak Oil 2007 - Reduce total oil and gas consumption by 50 percent
City of Portland over the next 25 years, & 10 other major recommen-
USA dations & action plans.
Oil Independence Action Plan 2008- The primary focus of the OIO recommendations is on
City of Oakland 2020 the transportation sector. That is where 97% of oil is
USA used in Oakland.
Climate Change Act 2008 2008- ‘It is the duty of the Secretary of State to ensure that
Uk Government 2050
the net UK carbon account for the year 2050 is at
least 80% lower than the 1990 baseline.’
Sunshine Coast EDAP 2009
Transition Sunshine Coast
Sunshine Coast, Australia
Totnes Energy Descent Action Plan 2009
Transition Town Totnes
Lewes Energy Descent Action Plan 2010
Brixton Energy Descent Action Plan 2011
Transition Town Brixton
s happening. Peak Oil is imminent.
nging. Will we design that change
sequences of our inability to act?
rixton is a community-led initiative,
rs of the community in designing our
m oil dependency to a better low energy,
Our aims are:
s of Climate Change and Peak Oil.
r low-energy future for Brixton.
xton Energy Descent Action Plan’.
ear TTB has held many events, film
cussions, visionings, & working group
worked with Lambeth on the FUTURE
ation plan. TTB has initiated the
ect; a green mapping & urban food
aising awareness, visioning and research-
ities. We plan to actively involve more
mmunity. We will form more working
nd plan towards creating the Brixton
tion Plan. We will begin our Reskilling
localised, low energy lifestyle. We will
tical projects to realise the vision. We
ive the Brixton Local Exchange Trading Rethink, Reconnect & Relocalise.
a Brixton Food Hub and many other
PROGRAmmE OF EvENTS Why not more?
May - November 2008
meetings in Town Hall. All welcome.