Aral sea

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Opening talk for the conference Exchanging Lessons of the Aral Sea disaster

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Aral sea

  1. 1. Michael R. Edelstein, Ph.D. Ramapo College of N.J.
  2. 2. TMU: TRUST FOR MUTUAL RAMAPO COLLEGE OF NEW JERSEY AND SAMARKAND STATE ARCHITECTURALUNDERSTANDING AND CIVIL ENGINEERING INSTITUTE Funded by the Trust for Mutual Understanding, we embarked on the first leg of an exchange that, in its second phase, led to this conference.
  3. 3. IN MAY 2011 A JOINT TEAM SET OUT IT WAS A LONG TRIP ACROSSFROM SAMARKAND TO FIND THE MUCH OF THE COUNTRY OFARAL SEA UZBEKISTAN Along the Way New Dimensions of the Disaster Appeared
  4. 4. Searching for theVanished SeaThe Aral Sea was, untilfifty years ago, theworld’s fourth largestinland body of water.Today it is nearly gone.How could that happen?Where did it go?What were the causes?What are theconsequences?What can be done now?
  5. 5. http://lib.utexas.edu/maps/commonwealth/uzbekistan_rel94.jpg
  6. 6. Falling WatersThe Syr darya justwest of Tashkent
  7. 7. Falling RiversThe Amu darya inthe KarakalpakAutonomous Region
  8. 8. Sardoba in Noveye:the Oasis
  9. 9. The Cash Mono Crop:Cotton
  10. 10. Irrigation, waterlogging, salinization,soil washing
  11. 11. FisheryCollapse =EconomicCollapse
  12. 12. Poverty InKarakalpakistanDestitutecity ofMoynak
  13. 13. Nomads were affectedby decreasing water =less pasturage
  14. 14. Climate Change, SnowMelt, and TransBoundary Conflicts
  15. 15. Source:NationalGeographicNovember 10, 2010
  16. 16. Blowing Sands and Contaminated food and Water Create Threats to Health
  17. 17. Preserving WorldHeritage ArcheologicalSites

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