Urmee 7385


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  • Urmee 7385

    1. 1. Tania Urmee, David Harries Murdoch University, Australia & August Schlapfer Flensburg University, Germany A Survey Of Program Implementers On Their Views About Success Factors Of Solar PV Program In Asia And The Pacific
    2. 2. Solar PV and developing countries <ul><li>Increased access to electricity is not keeping pace with population growth and demand for electricity is increasing. </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing access to electricity – several problems: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The high costs of extending the grid </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The costs of using fossil fuel to generate electricity is increasing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Using fossil fuel results in pollution (Climate Change) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The limited capacity of many householders to pay for electricity </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Now the question is, ‘How to address this growing needs in a environment friendly way’ </li></ul><ul><li>Solar Home System can be a ‘PART OF THE SOLUTION’ </li></ul><ul><li>But – the uptake of PV electrification programs has been slow! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Various approaches and resources have been used in developing countries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mixed results (some approaches more successful than others) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Need to investigate the reasons for slow take up and lack of success </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. Rationale and Objectives <ul><li>Much research effort has been invested in attempting improve the effectiveness of rural renewable electrification programs. These have focused on: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Identifying the barriers to the take up of RE systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The development of best practice guidelines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Documentation of past programs to highlight that lessons that can be learned from these </li></ul></ul><ul><li>This study aimed to understand those factors that appear to be critical to the success of a program </li></ul><ul><li>The study based on a survey of program implementers in the Asia and the Pacific region </li></ul>
    4. 4. Methodology <ul><li>Target Respondents </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Those employed by agencies with responsibility for RE electrification in Asia and the Pacific </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Structured survey questionnaire </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rating and agreement scales </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Numeric open ended </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>open text </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dissemination method </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E-mail survey </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Results <ul><li>Respondent Rate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Response rate = 77% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Responses received from: Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Vietnam, Thailand, Cambodia and Fiji </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Respondents – </li></ul><ul><li>Organisational type </li></ul>
    6. 6. Objectives and Target Group <ul><li>The target groups served by the organizations surveyed were households, shops, institutions, small business, communities, and organisations with responsibility for water pumping and street lighting </li></ul>Target Group Objectives
    7. 7. Program implementation <ul><li>Type of finance mechanisms used </li></ul>
    8. 8. Responsibility for system maintenance and monitoring (M&M) Program implementation contd……….. 31 30 20 9 <ul><li>Program Implementers </li></ul><ul><li>Program implementers and users </li></ul><ul><li>Authorised technical company </li></ul><ul><li>Equipment supplier </li></ul>% of respondents Responsible Authority
    9. 9. <ul><li>System sizes Available </li></ul>Program implementation contd. ………..
    10. 10. Program outputs Number of systems installed under organizations’ programs
    11. 11. <ul><li>System Cost (US$/Watt peak) </li></ul>Program output contd. ………..
    12. 12. <ul><li>Program impact </li></ul>Program outputs contd……
    13. 13. Factors regarded as essential for program success
    14. 14. Main barriers as perceived by respondents
    15. 15. Reasons program achievement attributed to
    16. 16. Important issues for program success <ul><li>Regular maintenance and monitoring </li></ul><ul><li>Warranty and simple warranty claim procedure </li></ul><ul><li>Availability of finance and use of a flexible financing mechanism </li></ul><ul><li>Systems designed according to the needs of the local people </li></ul><ul><li>Program objectives should be specified in terms of the needs of the users and the benefits to users </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity building of local communities </li></ul><ul><li>Government policy and its implementation </li></ul>
    17. 17. Reliance on guidelines <ul><li>Most program implementers are developing and implementing their programs without any reference to best practice guidelines or documents outlining lessons learned from previous experience. </li></ul>Were “best practice guidelines or lessons learned from previous experience used in designing, developing and implementing the program?
    18. 18. Observations <ul><li>It is important for programs to be well designed </li></ul><ul><li>The lack of success of some programs is due primarily to flawed planning. </li></ul><ul><li>Technical and/or financial barriers are considered to be primary cause of program failure. </li></ul><ul><li>Good administration and favourable policies are also important for program’s success </li></ul><ul><li>Learning from earlier successful projects is likely to help increase program success. </li></ul>
    19. 19. <ul><li>The reasons behind the success or lack of success of programs are not straightforward, but are indeed complex </li></ul><ul><li>The indicators of a ‘successful program’ are to covered the issues in the following axis lies in the program design and implementation phase. </li></ul>Success or limited success? Technical Issues Policy Issues Program Implementation Issues Business Issues Technical Issues Policy Issues Program Implementation Issues Business Issues Successful Program
    20. 20. Questions/Comments? Thank You