Realization of Food Green City Concept in Nepal through Public-Private Partnership Dr. Sunil Babu Shrestha Ecocity World Summit 2008 San Francisco, California. 22-26 April,2008
Urbanization Trend and its Consequences
Food Green City: An Urban Productive Greening Process
Converting Concepts into Reality
Urban Population in 1975 : 37.8%
in 1995 : 45.3%
in 2030 : 61.3% (UN Habitat)
World Urban population
in 2000 :2.9 billion
In 2030 : 5 Billion
URBANIZATION TREND OF NEPAL
Low Urbanization 14% (3.3 million people)
But High rate of Urbanization more
Estimated Urban population will be
50% by 2035 A.D.
Consequences of Urbanization
Loss of productive lands
Lack of affordable food supply
Traffic congestion and air pollution
Change in consumption habit
FOOD GREEN CITY: An Urban Productive Greening Process Green Green + Food (Productive Green /Green21) 0 Chlorophyll 6CO 2 + 6H 2 O +Light Energy C 6 H 12 O 6 +6O 2 (Carbon dioxide) (Carbohydrate) Converting Carbon dioxide City to Carbohydrate City
Change in land use
Impact of economy and employment
Decrease in national food self sufficiency and food safety
CONSEQUENCES OF URBANIZATION IN JAPAN How much food self sufficiency can be achieved looking green for functional as well as aesthetic purposes shifting green to productive green or Green 21 (green with food/ food green)? 23% viable lands (food green spaces) is found available for urban agriculture even in the already urbanized region that can provide 31% food self sufficient state. RESEARCH QUESTION FINDINGS
WHAT IS FOOD GREEN CITY?
A Food Green City is a human settlement that enables its residents to live a good quality of life with minimum consumption of resources, in harmony with nature, culture and future. It is also a process of urban productive greening for “restructuring the cities.”
In FGC urban agriculture is integrated with land use planning and urban management system (including solid waste management) for providing food, healthy and pleasant living environments, economical opportunities, gainful employment, social intercourse and cultural vibrancy in the city. This helps in converting Carbon dioxide city to Carbohydrate city and assists in creating pollution free and hunger free city with efficient urban food system in association with effective waste management.
TRI-PARTITE PARTNERSHIP PUBLIC PRIVATE PARTERSHIP
PPPs involving governments, the private sector and civil society are
increasingly recognized as an international solution for social issues.
In Nepal, with the support of UNDP, Ministry of Local Development / GON has been implementing PPPUE programme since 2002.
Creating synergy through PPP(2+2=5)
CONVERTING CONCEPTS TO REALISTIC PARTNERSHIPS
Development for People Development with People
Urban Productive Greening at Three Levels
Individual house Level
City (Vacant lands of municipality and institutions) Producers (City dwellers, Private Sectors) Consumers (City Dwellers)
REALISTIC AVENUES FOR FGC 1. Urban Productive Greening of Ring Road Green Belt under Public-Private Partnership arrangement. 3. Composting & raising livestock by NGO. 2. Vegetable farming in the land of proposed UN Park’s by indigenous farmers.
REALISTIC AVENUES FOR FGC 4. Composting & vegetable farming by farmers. 6 . Commercial herbal plantation in the vacant land of Gautam Buddha Airport. 5. Urban agriculture, fishery & raising livestock by a community .
CONCLUDING REMARKS Urban Productive Greening (green + food) for realization of FGC through PPP in Nepal has wide scope helps to -Create a new urban green revolution -Convert the carbon dioxide city to carbohydrate city -Increase the food self sufficiency rate -Balance physical, social and ecological structures of cities & shrink the city’s Footprints.