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Osman 7386 Osman 7386 Presentation Transcript

  • LOCAL AGENDA 21 IN MALAYSIA: ISSUES AND PROBLEM FACED BY THE STAKEHOLDER IN THE PARTICIPATION PROCESS
  • INTRODUCTION
    • Agenda 21
    • Sustainable development
    • Local agenda 21 in malaysia
    • Case study : petaling jaya local agenda 21
  • INTRODUCTION
    • Public participation and good local governance has become the centre stage since the 1992 Earth Summit.
    • Most world’s leaders agreed that harmful degradation of the environment was due to human negligence and the lack of community participation in the decision making process (Grubb,1993; Dodds 2000).
    • Public participation is a powerful tool for gaining insights from many sectors of the community. It helps to incorporate public values and community needs into decisions made by the authority.
    • Public participation can not only improve the quality of these decisions, but also effectively resolve conflict among competing interests, build trust in institutions, and educate and inform the public.
  • LOCAL AGENDA 21
    • LA21 is defined as ‘a framework for providing services with a long term view’ (ICLEI, 1994, p.3).
    • It is a process of building partnership between local authorities, community and private sector.
    • The decentralised of environmental policies and proactive response of local government sector is necessary because local community and local authorities have a better ideas of what is important and priorities within their own environmental interests (Bond et al1998; Ekins and Newby, 1998; Lake 1996, Selman, 1996).
  • LA21 AND LOCAL AUTHORITIES
    • LA21 presents a framework for local authorities to plan together with the residents and local organisation in the design and provision of services to the community (ICLEI, 1996).
    • T his is so, since local governments help to shape the lives of communities at local levels and they have the potential to act as an agent of change for the environment (ICLEI, 1997; Wright, 1995).
  • PROGRESS OF LA21 WORLDWIDE
    • Until today LA21 remains a non-statutory process for the local authorities to undertake.
    • It was still left as a voluntary exercise to most of the local authorities in the world, which include the UK, Australia, Thailand and Malaysia (Hughes, 2000; Marshall, 2000; MHLG Malaysia, 2005).
    • The issues of local authorities’ lack of resources in terms of financial and staffing capability is detrimental to LA21 and led to the low performance of local authority officers in the LA21 exercise.
  • LA21 IN MALAYSIA
    • In Malaysia, the introduction of Local Agenda 21 (LA21) within the local council agenda started in the year 2000
    • 4 local authorities selected to implement LA21 under the Pilot Project of LA21
  • MAP OF MALAYSIA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
  • MAP OF MALAYSIA
  • Implementation of LA21 MALAYSIA MAJLIS PERBANDARAN PETALING JAYA MAJLIS DAERAH KERIAN MAJLIS PERBANDARAN MIRI MAJLIS PERBANDARAN KUANTAN
    • In the year 2002, the second phase of LA21 (2002-2005) was launched
    • 48 city and municipal councils were invited to implement LA21 in Malaysia.
    • End of 2005, third phase of LA21
    • The remaining 97 local authorities in Malaysia were invited to prepare LA21 Action Plan (MHLG, 2006)
  • Current level of adoption in Malaysia 121 out of 145 local authorities (83.4%) (16.6%) 24 Local authorities 145 Local authorities (100%) 2006 -current 32 out of 48 local authorities (67%) (33%) 16 local authorities 48 city and municipal councils 2002-end 2005 141 out of 145 local authorities 4 local authorities Pilot project – 4 local authorities 2000-2002 Number of local authorities who do not implement LA21 Number of local authorities who implement Number of local Authorities invited to adopt LA21 Period
  • LOCAL GOVERNANCE IN MALAYSIA
    • In Malaysia, while the government viewed LA21 as an avenue for community participation, however participation in Malaysia is limited to the confines to town planning and environmental law.
    • local government system in Malaysia is not fully representative whereby there is no local election implemented at local level.
    • Issue of transparent and accountability are considered major issues among local community. 
  • The research
    • This paper presents research that was carried out during the period of 2004-2007 in malaysia.
    • The Research has been undertaken as part of a doctorate thesis on the participation and implementation of Local Agenda 21.
    • The findings of the research have been from surveys that were carried out at community, local and regional level in Petaling Jaya
  • METHODOLOGY
    • POSTAL QUESTIONAIRE SURVEY TO 48 LOCAL AUTHORITIES
    • INTERVIEWS
    • ONE MONTH WORK ATTACHMENT IN PETALING JAYA CITY COUNCIL
  • PETALING JAYA, MALAYSIA
  • PLEMINARY FINDINGS ON THE REASONS FOR LOW ADOPTION OF LA21 AMONG LOCAL AUTHORITIES IN MALAYSIA
    • No direction from the federal and state government
    • the lack of commitment and attitude among the top management of the councils, councillors and council staffs,
    • The top management of councils are not interested in implementing LA21
    • Lack of staffing and expertises
    • Lack of budget- not a statutory requirement to prepare LA21 action plan
    • the sluggish role played by the private sector
    • the problems of representations and
    • the lack of understanding of the LA21 process among the staffs of the local authorities and other government departments.
    • Perception toward community participation are not encouraging.
    • Local authority staffs assumes that their community do not have the knowledge and awareness to participate
  • ISSUES AMONG THE STAKEHOLDER
    • Existence of public mistrust and lack of confidence by the community to the local authority
    • Authoritative attitude among the council staffs and their lack of confidence with their community
    • Local authority tend to be the decision maker
    • Accurate Information are not been provided.
    • Environmental awareness campaign were seen by the public as an avenue to inform decision that already been made.
    • Times and venue conducted were not suitable
    • Lack of consensus among the stakeholder in the decision made
    • The process is too cumbersome
    • Existing of communication and language barriers
  • Positive outcomes
    • More open and transparency
    • Accountability
    • Inclusiveness
    • Trust
    • Consensus decision
  • INITIAL RECOMMENDATIONS
    • Trust need to be build among all stakeholder
    • Information need to be assimilated to all
    • Variety of accessible channels for communication need to be set up and to encourage discussion
  • Examples of LA21 activities in PJ Recycing centre at Bandar Sri Damansara under the management of Sri Damansara Residence Association
  • Organic waste and natural fertilizer demonstration at Taman Mayang, Petaling Jaya
  • Dialog and Discussion with the disabled community at the civic centre, petaling jaya
  • Dialog with the community representatives on Budget Allocation for the year 2007/2008 at the Petaling Jaya Municipal Hall.
  • Celebration conducted under LA21 Banner :Malaysia Independence Day 2007 and Chinese New Year Celebration 2007.
  • Best Neighborhood Award for the year 2007
    • Awards received by Petaling Jaya Municipal Council
    • Sutainable Local Authority Award 2005 by the Ministry of Housing and LOcal Government Malaysia on 15 th Disember 2005
    • “ Best of Eleven –finalist for the Innovation Award at the Commonwelth Association for Public Administration and Management on 4th Sept 2002 in Glasgow, UK
    • Most Accessible building Award under government Building Category 2002 / 2003 on 15hb Mac 2003 awarded by government of Malaysia
  • CONCLUSION
    • Local authority must take the lead in implementing LA21 and achieving local sustainability
    • Public involvement and consensus decision in the decision of LA21 need to be embrace by the local authorities
    • Moving to actions also starts a process of learning by doings which can developed the stakeholder competence, knowledge, confidence and trust among each other.
    • The opportunity to learn from others experiences need to be encourage at all level.
  •