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Holtzclaw Holtzclaw Presentation Transcript

  • Density: Benefits, Concerns; The Community Decides Density & Equity Panel EcoCity World Summit 2008 San Francisco, 25 April Dr. John Holtzclaw Chair, Sierra Club Transportation Committee Consultant: NRDC [email_address] www.sflcv.org/density
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  • 3 Hh/Res Acre (Courtesy City of Portland)
  • Community Transformation courtesy Steve Price http://www.sierraclub.org/sprawl/community/transformations/index.asp Transform only main street - San Pablo Ave in El Cerrito, CA As Shown Census Tract Avg . C T Before Transf. No Parking 60 hh/res ac 15 hh/res ac 9 hh/res ac Surface Parking 30 hh/res ac 12 hh/res ac 9 hh/res ac (census tract is 8 x 10 blocks)
  • San Francisco North Beach Paul and Tira 90 Hh/Res Acre Backyard, No parking
  • San Francisco - North Beach 90 Hh/Res Ac Underground parking
  • San Francisco West of Union Square 3 x 4 block zone 7 live theatres, fine hotels, cafes and markets 1 to 36 stories, mostly 4 - 16 stories 467 - 536 Hh/Res Ac 15% of land residential limited parking
  • San Francisco West of Union Square 3 x 4 block zone 7 live theatres, fine hotels, cafes and markets 1 to 36 stories, mostly 4 - 16 stories 467 - 536 Hh/Res Ac 15% of land residential limited parking
  • www.sflcv.org/density Ann lbs CO 2 emissions/capita 14,827 9037 3863 1603 higher $1,858/ft 2 $407/ft 2 $295/ft 2 Housing sales prices
  • All right. Density is good for me and the environment, but I still fear what greedy developers might do to my hood. How can my neighbors and I control them? Use Community Planning charrettes to plan and then rezone before developers propose projects. http://www.charretteinstitute.org/ For instance, the Transbay Area in San Francisco.
  • SOMA neighbors meet monthly at YBC. Plan for housing on land where freeway ramps removed after 1989 quake.
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    • 3500 housing units, 35% affordable
    • Consider design, massing, heights, setbacks
  • Plaza Apartments Supportive Housing for the homeless
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  • Gentrification? Actions to make it your friend Employer-Assisted Housing Healthy Food Retailing Brownfields Minority Contracting Real Estate Transfer Taxes Local Hiring Strategies Affordable Housing Dev Retention of Subsidized Housing Commercial Linkage Strategies Commercial Stabilization Community Mapping Community Dev Financial Insts Cooperative Ownership Models Just Cause Eviction Controls Code Enforcement Infill Incentives Developer Exactions Living Wage Provisions Rent Controls CDC's with Resident Shareholders Community Reinvestment Act Inclusionary Zoning Housing Trust Funds Limited Equity Housing Coops Community Land Trusts http://www.policylink.org/EDTK/tools
  • Location Efficient Mortgage LEM research Institute for Location Efficiency Center for Neighborhood Technology (Chicago) Natural Resources Defense Council Surface Transportation Policy Project
  • LEM Research Nearly 3000 neighborhoods (TAZs) Chicago, LA and San Francisco metro areas How do: densities (3 measures) shopping proximity public transit ped/bike (grid, short, narrow, sidewalks, setbacks) family income family size impact: vehicles (census data) VMT (odometer readings from smog checks -- total driving, not just commutes)
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  • Annual Household Driving – San Francisco
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  • Collateral Benefits of Compact Development Saving building materials, heating & cooling energy, and water cuts energy use and pollution (Phillips & Gnaizda, CoEvolution Quarterly, Summer 1980)
  • urban infill (100 units/res acre) sprawl
  • urban infill (100 units/res acre) sprawl
  • The Cool Cities Pledge, originally called the U.S. Mayors Climate Protection Agreement, states: . . . C. We will strive to meet or exceed Kyoto Protocol targets for reducing global warming pollution by taking actions in our own operations and communities such as: 1. Inventory global warming emissions . . . 2. Adopt and enforce land-use policies that reduce sprawl, preserve open space, and create compact, walkable urban communities; 3. Promote transportation options such as bicycle trails, commute trip reduction programs, incentives for car pooling and public transit; . . .