fOSSa 2013 - Crossroads of openness - Wrap-up talk ! / Ecosystem

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fOSSa 2013 - Crossroads of openness - Wrap-up talk ! / Ecosystem.

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fOSSa 2013 - Crossroads of openness - Wrap-up talk ! / Ecosystem

  1. 1. Crossroads of openness Wrap-up talk ! Ecosystem Lille (France) - November 22, 2013 robert.viseur@cetic.be
  2. 2. My background: co-creation (1/2)
  3. 3. My background: co-creation (2/2) ● Boosted by Internet (Kambil et al., 1999). ● Diversity in methods. ● Sub-family : free and open source softwares.
  4. 4. Free / Open source softwares (1/2) ● Definition(s) : – Open Source Definition (opensource.org). – Four freedoms of free software (fsf.org / gnu.org). →Free and open source licenses (legal standard framework). ● New business models : – Creation of value inside heterogeneous and distributed communities or ecosystems (massive collaboration). – New ways for capturing value (dual licensing schemes, subscriptions,...)... – And new tools and frameworks for creating new products and services. → Ok, it works !
  5. 5. My experience in Begium (1/2) ● ● More or less 150 companies with open source based activities (logiciellibre.be). But...
  6. 6. My experience in Begium (2/2) ● Still a lack of knowledge in : – Open source licensing schemes. – Open source business models. – Ecosystem building. ● Despite the wide use in companies... ● In the meantime...
  7. 7. Trend towards Open Source Innovation ● Generalization of the open source model : – – ● Movement from commercial software model to hybrid models. Movement from Open Source Software to Open Source Innovation (Pénin, 2011). Open Source * ? – – Application to all kinds of « stuffs ». – Creation of new suitable licenses. – Preference for open standards and formats. – Cross-fertilization with co-creation and Agile methods. – ● Directly inspired by 4 freedoms of free software definition (→ availability of « source code »). More opened and interactive than open innovation. Open * : open content, open journalism, open data, open science, open hardware, open cloud,...
  8. 8. First commercial successes... ● ● But still under the radars... Nevertheless, first (commercial) successes : Wikipedia, OpenStreetMap, Arduino, Wikispeed,... and Elphel.
  9. 9. We saw the power of transformation ● Power of transformation of open source : – Science : ● – Students : ● – Scientific papers with open source code and open data (→ reproducible papers or executable papers). Learning by doing (→ best pratices in live). Citizens : ● ● – More transparency with open government data or journalistic contents. Empowerment and collective projects (commons). Companies : ● ● – Create with ecosystems (monopoly) : collaboration and coopetition. Industrial relocation ? ...
  10. 10. Future is now! ● The openness is no longuer a question... ● But there will be competition between more or less participative models. ● The users continue to be empowered. – ● The empowered users can become users-entrepreneurs... – ● Thanks to open source software and hardware technologies, communities and collaborative tools, open source licenses, or crowdfunding. See litterature relative to « lead users » (Von Hippel), and Baldwin et al. (2006). They probably won't replace big corporations, but can feed them with new ideas and concepts. ● The principles of communities or ecosystems are validated for sofwares... ● And are becoming the key for datas, contents and hardwares, too.
  11. 11. Some thoughts for the future ● ● ● ● ● What are the opened business models and strategies that succeed ? How to manage the relation with empowered users and consumers ? How to break the old-fashioned sticky ways of doing ? How to fill the participation gap (> digital gap) ? How to engage young people in the open source train ?
  12. 12. Thanks Contact : robert.viseur@cetic.be More information : www.robertviseur.be twitter.com/robertviseur www.linkedin.com/in/robertviseur Aéropôle de Charleroi-Gosselies Rue des Frères Wright, 29/3 B-6041 Gosselies info@cetic.be www.cetic.be

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