Mapping of Belgian open source market

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Mapping of Belgian open source market

  1. 1. [ RMLL 2013, Bruxelles – Thursday 11th July 2013 ] Mapping of Belgian open source market Presenter : Dr Ir Robert Viseur
  2. 2. 2 Open source in Belgian public sector
  3. 3. 3 Prerequisite: organization of Belgium • Belgium = federal state composed of regions (territory) and communities (people). • Regions (3): Flemish Region, Walloon Region and Brussels Region. • Communities (3): French Community, Flemish Community, German Community. • Merger between Flemish Region and Community (= Flanders). • Belgium also composed of provinces (10). • Closest to the citizen: Belgian municipalities (589). • The municipalities are autonomous but... • Subject to the power of supervision of the Walloon region.
  4. 4. 4 Open source policies in Belgium • No real headquaters for informatics policy. • Consequence: widely heterogeneous policies... • And case-by-case use of free softwares. • Differences between federal state, Flanders, Walloon Region, Brussels Region, French Community, German Community, provinces and municipalities. • Policies in municipalties influenced by power of supervision of the Walloon region. • See (Viseur, 2010) for more details.
  5. 5. 5 Big picture (federal state) • Variable use of free softwares. • Strong interest in open standards, less for free sofwares (FEDICT). • Open data portal: data.gov.be. • European context: INSPIRE, PSI, etc.
  6. 6. 6 Big picture (Brussels) • Variable use of free softwares • Support of free softwares by CIRB (www.cirb.irisnet.be). • Example: expertise in OpenOffice.org migration. • Interest for open data : • Open data portal for city of Brussels: opendata.bruxelles.be. • Availability of data from URBIS portal (CIRB).
  7. 7. 7 Big picture (Flanders) • ICT services outsourced to Belgacom and HP consortium until 2014. • Some reference initiatives. • Examples: • Free software use in Schoten. • Open Data in Gent: data.gent.be.
  8. 8. 8 Big picture (Wallonia and FC) (1/2) • ICT teams and external ICT structures dedicated to Walloon public sector (+ outsourcing: e.g. former GIEI). • Walloon authorities in flavour of promoting free softwares and open data. • See « DÉCLARATION DE POLITIQUE RÉGIONALE WALLONNE ». • « Promouvoir l'utilisation des standards ouverts et les logiciels libres » (p. 120) • See « Master Plan TIC ». • « Objectif stratégique. Libérer les données publiques pour doper l'offre de services aux citoyens » (p. 77). • But variable use in public sector...
  9. 9. 9 Big picture (Wallonia and FC) (2/2) • Used by ETNIC (www.etnic.be) and SMAL (www.smals.be) ICT centers. • « Sleeping » forge: forge.etnic.be. • Bottom-up project: CommunesPlone. • Integrated with Qualicité in IMIO inter-communal structure (www.imio.be). • As a replacement for Agoractités and Qualicité custom softwares. • Open data portal (new): opendata.awt.be.
  10. 10. 10 Keep in mind • Two lead projects: • CommunesPlone software suite (IMIO). • Open data in Gent. • Soon: Hackathon eGov Wallonia the 4th, 5th and 6th October 2013 in Namur (hackathonegovwallonia.net). • See (Viseur, 2010) for more details.
  11. 11. 11 Open source companies in Belgium
  12. 12. 12 Sources of data • Study mainly build on LogicielLibre.be directory (~ 150 companies). • Only for companies clearly communicating their engagement in open source technologies (pure players or hybrid offer). • Less knowledge about the Flemish market.
  13. 13. 13 Location of companies in Belgium
  14. 14. 14 Size and rentability of open source companies in Belgium (1/2) • Low number of bankruptcies (~5 between 2004 and 2011). • Financial indicators (from BNB figures, median): • Solvability: 37.1%. • Equity: 129 239€. • Revenues: 3 256 911€ (partial data). • Rentability on assets: 6.8%. • Ratio « salaries / added value »: 79.7%. (work in progress...)
  15. 15. 15 Size and rentability of open source companies in Belgium (2/2) • Ten open source companies in ERP sector (figures for 2009): • Total of 87 employees (average of 9,7 employees by active company). • ~45% of companies have 5 employees or more (average in walloon ICT sector: ~25%). • 80% of companies are profitable. • Companies creating the largest number of jobs are not always the most publicized. • Example: Alfea Consulting (22,8 employees, profitable).
  16. 16. 16 Products and services available in Belgium (1/2) • What we looked at : • Sale of hardware • Certified hardware. • Open hardware • Open source edition. • Services. • Hosting, SaaS and cloud computing.
  17. 17. 17 Products and services available in Belgium (2/2) (Viseur, 2011)
  18. 18. 18 Products and services: details (1/2) (Viseur, 2011)
  19. 19. 19 Products and services: details (2/2) (Viseur, 2011)
  20. 20. 20 Quelles sont les relations entre entreprises ? (part of the full graph ; work in progress...)
  21. 21. 21 Lead open source Belgian projects • OpenERP. • Claroline / Dokeos / Chamilo. • CommunesPlone. • Drupal. • Ekiga. • The DataTank (new).
  22. 22. 22 Discussion • Comparison with France • Lack of representative organisations such as April (www.april.org), Aful (aful.org) or CNLL (www.cnll.fr). • Differences between popular technologies due to average size of companies ? • In general • Wide range of services for open source technologies, but... • Lack of providers in several domains (SIG, lawyers and embedded softwares). • Some lead initiatives about open source or open data in public sector, but... • General lack of clarity about open* policies. • Commercial activities with open hardware or open data (except Data.be) ?
  23. 23. 23 Thanks for your attention. Any questions ?
  24. 24. 24 Useful additional readings... • Verstichel, P. (2013), Open Data – Données Publiques: Et la Wallonie dans tout ça ?, Jeudis du Libre, Mons, 20 juin 2013. • Viseur, R. (2013), Les modèles d'affaires des prestataires en logiciels libres, Atelier « open source », Agence Bruxelloise pour l'Entreprise (ABE), 27 mars 2013. • Viseur, R. (2011), Cartographie des marchés Open Source belges et français, Rencontres Mondiales du Logiciel Libre, Strasbourg, 11 juillet 2011. • Viseur, R. (2010), Logiciels libres et données ouvertes en Belgique: point de situation, Rencontres Mondiales du Logiciel Libre, Bordeaux, 08 juillet 2010.
  25. 25. 25 Contact Dr Ir Robert Viseur Email (@CETIC) : robert.viseur@cetic.be Email (@UMONS) : robert.viseur@umons.ac.be Phone : 0032 (0) 479 66 08 76 Website : www.robertviseur.be This presentation is covered by « CC-BY-ND » license.

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