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Emotional and Behavioral Disorders


Education of Exceptional Children Presentation …

Education of Exceptional Children Presentation
Prof. Winkley
University of San Francisco

Published in Education
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  • 1. Emotional and Behavioral Disorders By Evelyn Obamos
  • 2. IDEiA definition of EBD Modeled after Eli Bower, 1960 Emotional disturbance: a. Inability to learn that cannot be explained by intellectual, sensory, or health factors b. Inability to maintain satisfactory interpersonal relationships with peers and teachers. c. Inapproriate types of behavior or feelings under normal circumstances d. A general pervasive mood of unhappiness or depression e. Tendency to develop physical symptoms or fears associated with personal or school problems
  • 3. Characteristics of Emotional and Behavioral Disorder Lack of control over motivation, anxiety, impulse. Hyperactivity, aggression, immaturity. Difficulties with concentrating and independence Typically 1.8 grade levels behind
  • 4. Causes -not adequately determined -Factors include: heredity, brain disorder, diet, and family functioning -Research has not shown any of these factors to be the direct cause of behavior problems.
  • 5. Prevalence Rate 2% of school age population 4th largest IDEiA category Males > females Older identified > younger students Poverty doubles risk of EBD (38% of EBD houses under $12,000) Highest dropout rate
  • 6. Behavior Management Approaches Provide a safe environment Structure/Consistency Motivate students Individual and group contingencies Positive and Negative reinforcement Keep rules simple, have consequences established Demonstrate consistency of rules
  • 7. Recommended Activities Exercise: -Help decrease anger, depression, and disruptive behaviors Should be: -Pleasant -Aerobic/as close as the student can handle -Noncompetitive -Moderate intensity Music Therapy: Music therapy can help children with communication problems, attention, motivation, and behavioral problems.
  • 8. Music and the Brain -pitch: auditory cortex responds -rhythm: front left frontal cortex : Affects thoughts and actions in accordance with internal goals. -abilities to differentiate among conflicting thoughts, determine good/bad, social “control” -emotion: posterior cingulate cortex Right hemisphere: correlated to emotion QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture. QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  • 9. wrapping up… Higher levels of engagement = lower levels of inappropriate behavior Early intervention: (comprehensive) Emphasize both academic and social behaviors simultaneously Sing a song / Play a song!
  • 10. Collaboration Families and Relatives School (Special Education and/or Regular Classroom Teacher, Counselor, etc.) Community (Mental Health, Foster Care, therapist, etc.)
  • 11. Thanks for your emotional and behavioral cooperation!