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Key research studies on arts and healthThe author of this bibliography acknowledges the work of ‗Strategy Options in Arts ...
Devlin P 2009, Restoring the Balance – the effect of arts participation on wellbeing andhealth, Voluntary Arts England, vi...
EvaluationsMacnaughton, J, White, M & Stacy, R 2005, ‗Researching the benefits of arts in health‘,Health Education, vol. 1...
Marsden, S & Theile, M 2000, ‗Risking art, art for survival outlining the role of the arts inservices to marginalised youn...
Staricoff, RL 2004, Arts in health: A review of the medical literature, Arts CouncilEngland, London.2      Culture, commun...
Belfiore, E 2006, ‗The social impacts of the arts – Myth or reality?‘ in M Mirza (ed.)Culture vultures: Is UK arts policy ...
<http://www.capitalhealth.ca/HospitalsandHealthFacilities/Hospitals/UniversityofAlbertaHospital/AboutUs/Artists_on_the_War...
EnvironmentLawson, B 2003, The architectural healthcare environment and its effects on patientoutcomes: A report on an NHS...
Pagan, J, Higgs, P, Cunningham, S 2008, Getting creative in healthcare: Thecontribution of creative activities to Australi...
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  1. 1. Key research studies on arts and healthThe author of this bibliography acknowledges the work of ‗Strategy Options in Arts andHealth‘ May 2007, prepared for the Australia Council for the Arts by the Faculty ofArchitecture, Building and Planning The University of Melbourne; Program EvaluationUnit, School of Population Health The University of Melbourne; and Brotherhood of StLaurence.Topics covered1 Value of arts and health  Health and wellbeing benefits  Economic benefits  Evaluations  Literature reviews2 Culture, community arts and health  Australian studies  International studies3 Arts in health settings  Australian studies  International studies  Environments  Health care delivery  Surgery1 Value of arts and healthHealth and wellbeing benefitsArts Council England 2004, The impact of the arts: some research evidence, viewed 28September 2010,< http://www.artscouncil.org.uk/publication_archive/the-impact-of-the-arts-some-research-evidence/>.Arts Council England 2007, The arts, health and well-being, Arts Council England,London, viewed 28 September 2010,< http://www.artscouncil.org.uk/publication_archive/the-arts-health-and-well-being/>.Arts Council England 2007, Report of the review of arts and health working group,Department of Health, viewed 28 September 2010,<http://www.dh.gov.uk/publications>.Arts Council England/Department of Health 2007, A Prospectus for Arts and Health, ArtsCouncil England/Department of Health, London, viewed 28 September 2010,<http://www.artscouncil.org.uk/publication_archive/a-prospectus-for-arts-and-health/>.California Arts Council 2006, ‗Making the Case for the Arts‘, Arts Research Monitor, Vol. 4Issue 9, viewed 28 September 2010, <http://www.cac.ca.gov/?id=42>.Centre for Cultural Policy Research 2006, ‗Impact Database: Social and Economic Impactof Culture and Major Events‘, Arts Research Monitor, University of Glasgow Vol. 4, Issue9, viewed 28 September 2010, <http://ccpr.designiscentral.net/>.Davidson J, Singing for self healing, health and wellbeing, Music Council of Australia,viewed 28 September 2010, < http://www.mca.org.au/>. 1
  2. 2. Devlin P 2009, Restoring the Balance – the effect of arts participation on wellbeing andhealth, Voluntary Arts England, viewed 28 September 2010,<http://www.vaengland.org.uk>.Eades, G & Ager, J 2008, ‗Time Being: Difficulties in integrating arts in health‘, Journalof the Royal Society for the Promotion of Health vol. 128, no. 2, pp. 62 – 67, viewed 28September 2010, < http://rsh.sagepub.com/>.Hamilton, C, Hinks, S & Petticrew, M 2003, ‗Arts for health: Still searching for the HolyGrail‘, Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, vol. 57, pp. 401–02.Jermyn, H 2001, The Arts and Social Exclusion: a review prepared for the Arts Council ofEngland, viewed 28 September 2010,<http://www.artsCouncil.org.uk/documents/publications/298.doc>.Kilroy, AJ, Garner, C, Parkinson, C, Kagan, C & Senior, P 2007, ‗Towards transformation:Exploring the impact of creativity, culture and the arts on health and well-being‘, Aconsultation document for Critical Friends Conference, 2007, Manchester MetropolitanUniversity, Manchester.Kirkwood, SJ 2010, ‗Frameworks of culturally engaged community music practice forrural Ipswich, Australian Digital Theses Program, Griffin University QLD, viewed 28September 2010,< http://www4.gu.edu.au:8080/adt-root/public/adt-QGU20100407.135549/>.Lawthom, R 2007, ‗Interrogating power: The case of arts and mental health incommunity projects, Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology, vol.17, no. 4,pp. 268–279, viewed 28 September 2010, <http://www.interscience.wiley.com/journal/>.McManamey, RM 2009, Arts, health, community resilience and healing: the importance ofthe story, University Department of Rural Health, University of Tasmania, viewed 28September 2010, <http://10thnrhc.ruralhealth.org.au>.Staricoff, RL 2006, ‗Arts in health: The value of evaluation‘, The Journal of the RoyalSociety for the Promotion of Health, vol. 126, pp. 116–120.White, M 2006, ‗Establishing common ground in community-based arts in health‘, TheJournal of the Royal Society for the Promotion of Health, vol. 126, pp. 128–133.Economic benefitsCohen, G 2006, The Creativity and Aging Study: The Impact of ProfessionallyConducted Cultural Programs on Older Adults, Final Report, viewed 28 September 2010,< http://www.nea.gov/resources/accessibility/CnA-Rep4-30-06.pdf>.Craemer, R 2009, The arts and health: From economic theory to cost effectiveness,UNESCO Observatory, Faculty of Architecture, Building and Planning, University ofMelbourne, viewed 28 September 2010, <http://www.abp.unimelb.edu.au/unesco/>.Smith, R (ed) 2002, ‗Spend (slightly) less on health and more on the arts‘, BritishMedical Journal, vol. 325, pp. 1432–33.Walworth, D 2005, ‗Procedural-support music therapy in the healthcare setting: A cost-effectiveness analysis, Journal of Pediatric Nursing, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 276-284. 2
  3. 3. EvaluationsMacnaughton, J, White, M & Stacy, R 2005, ‗Researching the benefits of arts in health‘,Health Education, vol. 105, no. 5, pp. 332–39.Mills, D 2004, Review of evaluating community arts and wellbeing, Artwork Magazine,Issue 59, pp. 43-44.Putland, C 2003, ‗Practising arts and health: What‘s in a name?‘, Artwork Magazine,Issue 57, pp. 3-6.Putland, C 2007, ‗Art and community based health promotion: Lessons from the field‘ inH Keleher, B Murphy & C Macdougall (eds) 2007, Understanding health promotion,Oxford University Press, Melbourne, pp. 299 –312.Putland, C 2008, ‗Lost in translation: The question of evidence linking community-basedarts and health promotion‘, Journal of Health Psychology, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 266-276.Rosenberg, M 2008, ‗The evaluation game: Determining the benefits of arts engagementon health‘, in A Lewis and D Doyle (eds), Proving the Practice: Evidence of the effects ofcommunity arts programs on mental health, DADAA Inc, Freemantle, WA, pp. 122 – 131.Van Lith, T, Fenner, P, Schofield, M, Pawson, Q & Morgan, M 2009, The role of artmaking in mental health recovery: A collaborative research projectbBetween MindAustralia, Prahran Mission and La Trobe University, Final Report, La Trobe University,Melbourne.VicHealth 2002, Evaluating community arts and community wellbeing: An evaluationguide for community arts practitioners, Victorian Health Promotion Foundation.Project evaluationsAllan, K & Killick, J 2000, ‗Undiminished possibility: The arts in dementia care‘, Journal ofDementia Care, vol. 8.Carruth, EK 1997, ‗The effects of singing and the spaced retrieval technique on theimproving face-name recognition in nursing home residents with memory loss‘, Journal ofMusic Therapy, vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 165–186.CECAT (Creative Expression Centre for Arts Therapy) 2008, Art Spoken: 1968-2008 40Years of Art Therapy in Mental Health in WA, Department of Health, Perth, WesternAustralia.Gerdner, LA, Mentes, JC & Titler, MG 1999, ‗Individualized music intervention protocol‘,Journal of Gerontology Nursing, vol. 25, pp. 10-16.Killick, J & Allan, K 1999, ‗The arts in dementia care: tapping a rich resource‘, Journal ofDementia Care, vol. 7 pp. 35–38.Killick, J & Allan, K 1999, ‗The arts in dementia care: touching the human spirit‘,Journal of Dementia Care, vol. 7, pp. 33–37.Korb, C 1997, ‗The influence of music therapy on patients with diagnosed dementia‘,Canadian Journal of Music Therapy, vol. 5, pp. 26–54.Lord, TR & Garner, JE 1993, ‗Effects of music on Alzheimer patients‘, Perception andMotor Skills, vol. 76, pp. 451–455. 3
  4. 4. Marsden, S & Theile, M 2000, ‗Risking art, art for survival outlining the role of the arts inservices to marginalised young people‘, Jesuit Social Services, Melbournein A Lewis and D Doyle (eds), Proving the Practice: Evidence of the effects of communityarts programs on mental health DADAA Inc, Freemantle, WA, pp. 148 – 164.Marsden, S & Thiele, M 2002, ‗P(ART)icipation and social change‘, paper presented atthe Cultural Sites, Cultural Theory, Cultural Policy Conference New Zealand.Radbourne, J, Leong, C, Price, N, & Gerrand, D 1995, Arts on fire: Integrating peoplewith mental illness into the community through community based arts activity, A Reportfor the Australian Government Department of Health and Human Services, Access Arts,Brisbane.Stickley, T & Duncan, K 2007, ‗Art in mind: Implementation of a community artsinitiative to promote mental health, Journal of Public Mental Health, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 24-32.Wright, PR 2002, ‗Playing ―betwixt‖ and ―between‖ learning and healing: PlaybackTheatre for a troubled world‘, in B Rasmussen & A Ostern (eds.), The IDEA Dialogues2001, International Drama Education Association, Bergen pp. 140-149.Wright, PR 2003, ‗A theatre for our times: Playback Theatre and communities ofmeaning: Healing, learning and attending‘, paper presented at the Arts, Design andHealth—World Symposium, Sydney.Wright, PR 2009, Its like thinking with both sides of your brain, Big hART’s LUCKYproject: An imaginative intervention, Murdoch University, viewed 28 September 2010,<http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/2602/>.Wright, PR & Palmer, D 2009, ‗Big hART at John Northcott Estate: Community, healthand the arts, The UNESCO Observatory, Refereed E-Journal, Multi-Disciplinary Researchin the Arts, vol. 1, no. 4, viewed 28 September 2010,<http://www.abp.unimelb.edu.au/unesco/ejournal/vol-one-issue-four.html>.Wright, P R 2009, ‗I am LUCKY because I get to do creative things‘, paper presented atthe Art of Good Health and Well-Being International Arts and Health Conference, PortMacquarie 10-13 November 2009, NSW.Wright, P R 2009, ‗Playback Theatre: A poetics of healing and learning‘, paper presentedat The Art of Good Health and Well-Being International Arts and Health Conference, PortMacquarie 10-13 November 2009, NSW.Literature reviewsHecht, R 2006, Shared Territories audit and analysis of the arts and health sector in theSouth West, A research report for the Arts Council England and Arts and HealthSouthWest, viewed 28 September 2010, <http://www.artscouncil.org.uk/publication_archive/shared-territories-audit-and-analysis-of-the-arts-and-health-sector-in-the-south-west/>.Jermyn, H 2001, The arts and social exclusion: a review prepared for the Arts Council ofEngland, viewed 28 September 2010,<http://www.artsCouncil.org.uk/documents/publications/298.doc>.South, J 2004, Community-based arts for health: A literature review, LeedsMetropolitan University, viewed 28 September 2010,<http://www.lmu.ac.uk/health/healthpromotion/research/documents/literaturefinal1.pdf. 4
  5. 5. Staricoff, RL 2004, Arts in health: A review of the medical literature, Arts CouncilEngland, London.2 Culture, community arts and healthAustralian studiesCultural Minister‘s Council 2004, Social impacts of participation in the arts and culturalactivities: Stage two report – Evidence, issues and recommendations, Cultural Minster‘sCouncil, Canberra.Hawkes J 2001, The fourth pillar of sustainability: Culture’s essential role in publicplanning, Common Ground Publishing, Melbourne.IFACCA (International Federation of Arts Councils and Culture Agencies) 2009, Artsadvocacy arguments, viewed 28 September 2010, <http://www.ifacca.org/topic/arts-advocacy-arguments/>.Lewis, A & Doyle, D (eds), 2008, Proving the practice: evidencing the effects ofcommunity arts programs on mental health, DADAA, Optima Press, WA.McQueen-Thomson, D, James, P & Ziguras, C 2004, Promoting mental health &wellbeing through community & cultural development: A review of literaturefocussing on community, VicHealth and the Globalism Institute, Melbourne, viewed 28September 2010,<http://www.vichealth.vic.gov.au/~/media/ProgramsandProjects/MentalHealthandWellBeing/Publications/Attachments/PromotingMentalHealthCommunityCelebrationsFestivals.ashx>.Madden, C & Bloom, T 2004, ‗Creativity, health and arts advocacy‘, International Journalof Cultural Policy, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 133 -156.Mills, D & Brown, P 2004, Art and wellbeing, Australia Council for the Arts, Sydney.Price, N 2008, Without labels: Narratives of a diagnosed culture in Lewis, A & Doyle, D(eds), Proving the practice: evidencing the effects of community arts programs onmental health, DADAA, Optima Press, WA.Throsby, D 2006, Does Australia need a cultural policy? Platform Papers No. 7, CurrencyHouse, Strawberry Hills, NSW.VicHealth 2003, Creative connections: promoting mental and wellbeing throughcommunity arts participation, Victorian Health Promotion Foundation, Carlton, Victoria.VicHealth 2006, Creating community: Celebrations, arts and wellbeing, Within & AcrossLocal Communities, VicHealth and the Global Institute, RMIT, Melbourne, Victoria.Williams, D 1995, Creating social capital: A study of long term benefits from communitybased arts funding, Community Arts Network for South Australia, Adelaide.Williams, D 1997, The social impact of arts programs. How the arts measure up:Australian research into social impact, Working Paper 8, Comedia, Bournes Green,viewed 28 September 2010,<http://www.artshunter.com.au/communityarts/papers/Commedia.doc>.International studies 5
  6. 6. Belfiore, E 2006, ‗The social impacts of the arts – Myth or reality?‘ in M Mirza (ed.)Culture vultures: Is UK arts policy damaging the arts?, Policy Exchange, London.Holden, J 2006, Cultural value and the crisis of legitimacy, DEMOS, UK.Matarasso, F 1997, ‗Use or ornament? The social impact of participation in the arts‘,Comedia, Bournes Green, viewed 28 September 2010,<http://web.me.com/matarasso/one/research/Entries/2009/2/19_Use_or_Ornament_files/Use%20or%20Ornament.pdf>.Secker, J, Hacking, S, Spandler, H, Kent, L & Shenton, J 2007, Mental health, socialinclusion and the arts: Developing the evidence base, National Social InclusionProgramme, Care Service Improvement Partnership, viewed 28 September 2010,<http://www.socialinclusion.org.uk/publications/Phase%201%20report.pdf>.White, M 2009, Arts development in community health: A social tonic, Radcliffe, Oxford.3 Arts in health settingsAustralian studiesCapon, J 1997, ‗Artworks in the new Children‘s Hospital, Westmead NSW‘,Artlink vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 63.Cintra, M 2000, Liverpool Hospital Redevelopment arts program post occupancyevaluation, The Arts for Health Research Centre, Sydney,viewed 27 September 2010,viewed 28 September 2010,<http://www.placemaking.com.au/placemaking/health_and_arts_research_ce.html >.Collections Australia Network, 2008, Sydney Children’s Hospital Foundation Art Program,Commonwealth of Australia, viewed 28 September 2010,<http://www.collectionsaustralia.net.au/org/1650/about/>.Preti, C 2009, ‗Music in hospitals: Defining an emerging activity‘, in C Stevens, ESchubert, B Kruithof, K Buckley, S Fazio (eds) 2009, Proceedings of the 2nd InternationalConference on Music Communication Science (ICoMCS2), HCSNet, University of WesternSydney, pp. 79- 82, viewed 28 September 2010,<http://marcs.uws.edu.au/links/ICoMusic09/Full%20Review%20page%20nos/PRETI%20SPEED%20FULL%20280909p.pdf>.Thwaite P, Bennett DL, Pynor H, Zigmond H 2003, ‗Art and ―the language of wellbeing‖ inadolescent health care‘, Annals, Academy of Medicine, Singapore, vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 71-77.Westmead Children‘s Hospital, 2009, Operation Art, NSW, viewed 28 September 2010,<http://www.chw.edu.au/kids/art>.Zigmond, H, 2003, Reaching out – Exploring the sensate world through the imagination,Image and Imagination, Stranmillis Press, NI.Zigmond, H 2009, ‗Not all ill – the arts as counterpoint‘, Journal for Arts and Community,Intellect Books, UK.International studiesAlberta Health Services 2009, ‗The Arts in Health: Artists on the Wards at University ofAlberta Hospitals‘, Canadian Cultural Observatory, Culturescope.ca, viewed 28September 2010, 6
  7. 7. <http://www.capitalhealth.ca/HospitalsandHealthFacilities/Hospitals/UniversityofAlbertaHospital/AboutUs/Artists_on_the_Wards.htm>Art as a Healing Force, Michael Samuels, Art programs in hospitals, viewed 28 September2010, <http://www.artashealing.org/ahfw6.htm>.Beck, SL 1991, ‗The therapeutic use of music for cancer-related pain‘, OncologyNursing Forum, vol. 18, no. 8, pp. 1327–1337.Favara-Scacco, C, Smirne, G, Schiliro, G & Cataldo, A 2001, ‗Art therapy as support forchildren with leukaemia during painful procedures‘, Medical and Pediatric Oncology, vol.36, no. 4, pp. 474–80.Kwekkeboom, KL 2003, ‗Music versus distraction for procedural pain and anxiety inpatients with cancer‘, Oncology Nursing Forum, vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 433–440.Miles, MF 1994, ‗Art in hospitals: does it work? A survey of evaluation of arts projects inthe NHS‘, Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, vol. 87, pp. 161–163.Miles, MF 1993, ‗Environments for quality care‘, NHS Estates, London andArts Research Monitor April 2007, vol. 6, no. 1.Monti, D, Peterson, C, Kunkel, E, Haduck, W, Peawuignot, E, Rhodes, L et al. 2006, ‗Arandomized, controlled trial of mindfulness-based art therapy (MBAT) for women withcancer‘, Psychoonology, vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 363-373.Morgan, N, Graves, K, Poggi, E & Cheson, B 2008, ‗Implementing an expressive writingstudy in a cancer clinic, The Oncologist, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 196-204.Nolan, P 1992, ‗Music therapy with bone marrow transplant patients: Reaching beyondthe symptoms‘, in R Spintge & R Droh (eds), Music / Medicine, MO: MMB Music, St Louis,pp. 209-212.Pölkki, T, Vehviläinen-Julkunen, K & Pietilä, A-M 2001, ‗Non-pharmacalogical methods inrelieving children‘s postoperative pain: A survey on hospital nurses in Finland‘, Journal ofAdvanced Nursing, vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 483-492.Preti, C & Welch, GF 2004, ‗Music in a hospital setting: a multifaceted experience‘,British Journal of Music Education, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 329-345.Rothieaux, RL 1997, ‗The benefits of music in hospital waiting rooms‘, Health CareSurgery, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 31-40.Scher, P & Senior, P 2000, ‗Research and evaluation of the Exeter Health Care ArtsProject‘, Journal of Medical Ethics, vol. 26, pp. 71–78.Schorr, JA 1993, Music and pattern change in chronic pain, Advances in Nursing Science,vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 27-36.Smith, M, Casey, L, Johnson, D, et al. 2001, ‗Music as a therapeutic intervention foranxiety in patients receiving radiation therapy‘, Oncology Nursing Forum, vol. 28, no. 5,pp. 855–862.Standley, J & Moore, R 1995, ‗Therapeutic effects of music and chemotherapy: Theeffects on nausea and emesis‘, Music Therapy Perspectives, vol. 10, pp. 27-35.Zimmerman, LM, Pozehl, B, Duncan, K, et al. 1989, ‗Effects of music on patients who hadchronic pain cancer‘, Western Journal of Nursing Research, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 289– 309. 7
  8. 8. EnvironmentLawson, B 2003, The architectural healthcare environment and its effects on patientoutcomes: A report on an NHS-funded project, The Stationary Office, London.London Arts Council England 2006, The power of art: visual arts: evidence of impact,regeneration, health, education and learning, London, viewed 28 September 2010,<http://www.artscouncil.org.uk/media/uploads/documents/publications/phpTpuDh1.pdf>McDonald, M, Antunez, G & Gottemoeller M 2003, ‗Using the arts and literature in healtheducation‘ in M Torres & G Cernada (eds), Sexual and reproductive health promotion inLatino populations: Case studies across the Americas, Baywood Publishing Company,Amityville, NY, pp.161-174.Mason, T 2006, Designed with care: Design and neighbourhood healthcare buildings,Commission for Architecture and the Build Environment, London.Pelletier, C 2004, ‗The effect of music on decreasing arousal due to stress: A meta-analysis‘, Journal of Music Therapy, vol. 41, pp. 192-214.Pennebaker, JW 1997, Opening up: The healing power of expressing emotions, GuildfordPress, New York.Rockwood Lane, M 2006, ‗Arts in health care: A new paradigm for holistic nursingpractice‘, Journal of Holistic Nursing, University of Florida, Gainesville, US.Staricoff, RL 2004, Arts in health: A review of the medical literature, Arts Councilof England, Abingdon, UK.Ulrich, R 1984, ‗View through a window may influence recovery from surgery‘, Science,vol. 224, pp. 420-421.Ulrich, R, Lunden, O & Eltinge, J 1993, ‗Effects of exposure to nature and abstractpictures on patients recovering from open heart surgery‘, Psycholophysiology: Journal ofthe Society for Psychophysiological Research, vol. 30, suppl. 1, S7.Ulrich, R, Zimring, C, Joseph, A, Quan, X & Choudray R 2004, The role of the physicalenvironment in the hospital of the 21st Century: A once-in-a-lifetime opportunity, TheCenter for Health Design, Concord, CA.Health care deliveryInstitute for Healthcare Improvement 2009, Charting the way to greater success:Pursuing Perfection in Sweden, a resource from the Institute for HealthcareImprovement, ‗Cultural Lessons learnt from Esther‘, Cambridge, Massachusetts, viewed28 September 2010,<http://www.ihi.org/IHI/Topics/Improvement/ImprovementMethods/ImprovementStories/ChartingtheWaytoGreaterSuccessPursuingPerfectioninSweden.htm>.Institute for Healthcare Improvement 2009, Pursuing Perfection: Raising the bar forhealth care performance, Cambridge, Massachusetts, viewed 28 September 2010,<http://www.ihi.org/IHI/Topics/Improvement/ImprovementMethods/ImprovementStories/RaisingtheBarAchievingDramaticallyBetterResults.htm>.Lindstrom, B & Erikson, M 2006, ‗Contextualising salutogensis & antonovsky in publichealth development‘, Health Promotion International, vol. 21, no. 3, Advance AccessPublication. 8
  9. 9. Pagan, J, Higgs, P, Cunningham, S 2008, Getting creative in healthcare: Thecontribution of creative activities to Australian healthcare, ARC Centre of Excellence forCreative Industries and Innovation, Queensland University of Technology.Swzarcbord, M, Ben-Tovim, D 2006, The Redesigning Care Journey at Flinders MedicalCentre, Adelaide, South Australia, viewed 28 September 2010,<http://www.flinders.sa.gov.au/redesigningcare/files/pages/Improving_the_patient_jour.pdf>.SurgeryGood, M, Anderson, GC, Stanton-Hicks, et al. 2002, ‗Relaxation and music reduce painafter gynaecologic surgery‘, Pain Management Nursing, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 61–70.Nilsson, U, Rawal, N, Unestahl, LE, et al. 2001, ‗Improved recovery after music andtherapeutic suggestions during general anaesthesia: A double-blind randomisedcontrolled trial,‘ Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica, vol. 45, pp. 812–817.Nilsson, U, Rawal, N & Unosson, M 2003, ‗A comparison of intra-operative orpostoperative exposure to music – a controlled trial of the effects on post-operative pain‘,Anaesthesia, vol. 58, pp. 684–711.Menegazzi, JJ, Paris, PM, Kersteen, CH, et al. 1991, ‗A randomized controlled trial of theuse of music during laceration repair‘, Annals of Emergency Medicine, vol. 20, no. 4, pp.348–350.Taylor, LK, Kuttler, KL, Parks, TA, et al. 1998, ‗The effect of music in the post-anaesthesia care unit on pain levels in women who have had abdominalhysterectomies‘, Journal of Perianaesthetic Nursing, vol. 13, pp. 88–94. 9

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