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ESTC 2011 Presentation by Lindsay Usher and Dr. Deborah Kerstetter, Pennsylvania State University, Surf Tourism in Nicaragua
ESTC 2011 Presentation by Lindsay Usher and Dr. Deborah Kerstetter, Pennsylvania State University, Surf Tourism in Nicaragua
ESTC 2011 Presentation by Lindsay Usher and Dr. Deborah Kerstetter, Pennsylvania State University, Surf Tourism in Nicaragua
ESTC 2011 Presentation by Lindsay Usher and Dr. Deborah Kerstetter, Pennsylvania State University, Surf Tourism in Nicaragua
ESTC 2011 Presentation by Lindsay Usher and Dr. Deborah Kerstetter, Pennsylvania State University, Surf Tourism in Nicaragua
ESTC 2011 Presentation by Lindsay Usher and Dr. Deborah Kerstetter, Pennsylvania State University, Surf Tourism in Nicaragua
ESTC 2011 Presentation by Lindsay Usher and Dr. Deborah Kerstetter, Pennsylvania State University, Surf Tourism in Nicaragua
ESTC 2011 Presentation by Lindsay Usher and Dr. Deborah Kerstetter, Pennsylvania State University, Surf Tourism in Nicaragua
ESTC 2011 Presentation by Lindsay Usher and Dr. Deborah Kerstetter, Pennsylvania State University, Surf Tourism in Nicaragua
ESTC 2011 Presentation by Lindsay Usher and Dr. Deborah Kerstetter, Pennsylvania State University, Surf Tourism in Nicaragua
ESTC 2011 Presentation by Lindsay Usher and Dr. Deborah Kerstetter, Pennsylvania State University, Surf Tourism in Nicaragua
ESTC 2011 Presentation by Lindsay Usher and Dr. Deborah Kerstetter, Pennsylvania State University, Surf Tourism in Nicaragua
ESTC 2011 Presentation by Lindsay Usher and Dr. Deborah Kerstetter, Pennsylvania State University, Surf Tourism in Nicaragua
ESTC 2011 Presentation by Lindsay Usher and Dr. Deborah Kerstetter, Pennsylvania State University, Surf Tourism in Nicaragua
ESTC 2011 Presentation by Lindsay Usher and Dr. Deborah Kerstetter, Pennsylvania State University, Surf Tourism in Nicaragua
ESTC 2011 Presentation by Lindsay Usher and Dr. Deborah Kerstetter, Pennsylvania State University, Surf Tourism in Nicaragua
ESTC 2011 Presentation by Lindsay Usher and Dr. Deborah Kerstetter, Pennsylvania State University, Surf Tourism in Nicaragua
ESTC 2011 Presentation by Lindsay Usher and Dr. Deborah Kerstetter, Pennsylvania State University, Surf Tourism in Nicaragua
ESTC 2011 Presentation by Lindsay Usher and Dr. Deborah Kerstetter, Pennsylvania State University, Surf Tourism in Nicaragua
ESTC 2011 Presentation by Lindsay Usher and Dr. Deborah Kerstetter, Pennsylvania State University, Surf Tourism in Nicaragua
ESTC 2011 Presentation by Lindsay Usher and Dr. Deborah Kerstetter, Pennsylvania State University, Surf Tourism in Nicaragua
ESTC 2011 Presentation by Lindsay Usher and Dr. Deborah Kerstetter, Pennsylvania State University, Surf Tourism in Nicaragua
ESTC 2011 Presentation by Lindsay Usher and Dr. Deborah Kerstetter, Pennsylvania State University, Surf Tourism in Nicaragua
ESTC 2011 Presentation by Lindsay Usher and Dr. Deborah Kerstetter, Pennsylvania State University, Surf Tourism in Nicaragua
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ESTC 2011 Presentation by Lindsay Usher and Dr. Deborah Kerstetter, Pennsylvania State University, Surf Tourism in Nicaragua

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Ecotourism and Sustainable Tourism Conference (ESTC) (http://www.ecotourismconference.org/) presentation by Director, Spirit of Japan Travel, presented in September 2011. Organized by The …

Ecotourism and Sustainable Tourism Conference (ESTC) (http://www.ecotourismconference.org/) presentation by Director, Spirit of Japan Travel, presented in September 2011. Organized by The International Ecotourism Society (http://www.ecotourism.org), the ESTC is a unique annual conference providing practical solutions to advance sustainability goals for the tourism industry.

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  • Who I am? Why nicaragua?
  • make smaller
  • Separate group
  • Transcript

    • 1. This presentation was presented at the Ecotourism and Sustainable Tourism Conference 2011 (ESTC 2011), held in Hilton Head Island, South Carolina, USA, from September 19th-21st. Organized by The International Ecotourism Society (TIES), the ESTC is a unique annual conference providing practical solutions to advance sustainability goals for the tourism industry.
      Learn more about the ESTC: http://www.ecotourismconference.org
      ESTC on Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/ESTC_Tourism
      ESTC on Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/ESTC.Tourism
      The International Ecotourism Society | web www.ecotourism.orgemail info@ecotourism.org | tel +1 202 506 5033
    • 2. Surf Tourism and Rural Communities in Nicaragua
      Lindsay Usher & Deb KerstetterPenn State University
    • 3. Background
      Who am I?
      Why Nicaragua?
    • 4. Surf Tourism
      Viable option for sustainable tourism.
      Popular in Central America.
      Nicaragua is growing as a surf tourism destination.
    • 5. In many places it is dominated by foreign interests.
      Residents must receive benefits that will improve their quality of life.
      What is surf tourism doing for residents in Las Salinas and what role, if any, do they have in it?
    • 6. http://www.nicaraguasurfmaps.com/index.htm
    • 7. Las Salinas
      2.5 hours from Managua
      Indigenous community
      Home to 260 families
      Nearest community to Playa Guasacate
    • 8. Previous economy was salt fields and agriculture.
    • 9. Tourism, specifically surf tourism, has
      grown in the last 10-15 years.
    • 10. Data Collection
      3 weeks in Las Salinas with a host family
      27 interviews with 13 men
      & 14 women
      Asked about:
      health, jobs, social relations, nature and religion;
      positive and negative aspects of tourism development; and,
      who had more power and influence in tourism development?
    • 11. Findings
      Four major findings…
    • 12. Tourism contributes to jobsand prosperity!
      “With tourism, has come employment for us, as I said
      previously, before…here in the community, the work that
      was the most here…was agriculture and the salt cultivation”
      - Eduardo
      “I think it has given much work and the community has
      prospered much with this” - Wilfredo
      “The gringos, the investors began to come and buy and
      buy, the money was moving, more movement of money
      was seen, they started building” – Pablo
    • 13. Foreigners contribute to well-being!
      “…There are American gringos that come here to this
      place and give help, for example, to the school” – Ana
      “…Right now there is a help of the Americans, I think they are…yes, they are doctors that have come to help” – Eloisa
      “…Now, Las Salinas has a water pump, that was assistance of other countries…it was not of the community” – Maria
    • 14. Tourism produces negative outcomes.
      “…Because with their lands, they were working, they were
      planting, they were cultivating, but since tourism came,
      many Americans bought lands, and now all the lands
      where they used to plant, now are houses” – Julio
      “They have come to make conflict with the community”
      - Pablo
    • 15. “Some yes, they prohibit you…that you
      enter there. For me, for me, for me,
      this is not right. We all have the right to
      the sea for me.” – Eloisa
      “…I saw [drugs] when the tourists
      started coming, I saw the young people
      also make friends with them, that was
      when it started, these things. And it
      affected the health of the youth!” –
      Antonio
    • 16. Local Nicaraguan business owners recognize foreign dominance.
      “They have more knowledge of the area of tourism…They
      know the customs of the tourists that visit us better” –
      Jorge
      “The foreigner, then, what they do is put their business on
      the internet, they put it there” - Tomasa
      “They do packages” - Pedro
    • 17. So did residents!
      15 out of 20 people said that foreigners had more influence than the community did in tourism development
      “Because they have more money” - Alejandro
    • 18. Discussion: The positives…
      Tourism benefits the community and diversifies the economy.
      Many residents feel connected to tourism and express positive feelings about it.
      Residents recognize that foreigners bring aid and projects to the community that positively impact well-being.
    • 19. Discussion: The negatives…
      Beach access, land rights, drugs and theft…
      Many residents do not feel they have much of a voice in tourism development.
      Foreigners have the majority of businesses
      due to…
      money
      technical expertise
    • 20. Suggestions for developing a sustainable tourism product!
      Management
      Have foreign owners attend community meetings and get to know the community before building.
      Educate guests about projects with local community.
      Train foreign staff in sustainable practices.
    • 21. Social/economic benefits
      Give residents a voice in tourism development.
      Pay fair prices for land.
      Provide residents with access to the beach.
      Promote residents to management positions.
      Offer technical assistance and training to residents and business owners.
    • 22. Culture
      Teach residents about surfing, not drugs.
    • 23. Environmental
      Partner with the community board on trash management initiatives.
      Do not allow dumping from boats.
      Partner with community on tree projects.
    • 24. Thank You!
      Questions?

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