ECOLOGY and CULTURENewsletter 10Septembre 2011"...Si tout va bien, Aralsk redeviendra un port en 2011 ".
THE HISTORY OF THE ARAL SEA2
ECOLOGY and CULTURE 3 EcEcology and culture co ulture c Lights off at Earth Hour and ‘spot’ on Marriott’s Environmental Month Go Green Package at the Renaissance Amsterdam Hotel cologie culturecE c So be green with the Renaissance Amsterdam, 31 March 2011 – With Amsterdam Hotel and receive 25% dis- Earth Hour as an annual international e count on the Full Daily Delegate Rate. lture Awa- The first booker will be rewarded with event, the Renaissance Amsterdam Hotel kicked-off to Environmental a sponsored day at the park accompa- cu reness Month. Each year in April, Mar- and cology with ECO Friendly Scooters andEcology celebrates «Environmental Month» riott and culture nied a delicious picnic basket for two! For to communicate the company’s com- information or bookings: mitment to environmentally respon- + (31)020 551 2060, sible operations, raise awareness of email@example.com environmental issues, and involve as- or www.renaissanceamsterdamhotel.com. sociates in green activities. This year, associates of the Renaissance Ams- terdam Hotel will roll up their sleeves to help the community with a couple of environmental initiatives and events in and around the hotel. Earth Hour International Year of Forests On March 26, 2011, the Renaissance This year, Marriott International joins Amsterdam Hotel celebrated Earth communities around the world in sup- Hour by turning off non-essential li- port of the ‘International Year of Fo- ghts in the hotel for one hour. During rests’ campaign, a global platform to Earth Hour guests were given a ‘green celebrate people’s action to sustaina- cocktail’ in the candle-lighted 2b lounge bly manage the world’s forests. bar. The United Nations General Assem- bly declared 2011 as the International Go Green package Year of Forests to raise awareness on sustainable management, conserva- In 2009, the Renaissance Amsterdam tion and sustainable development of Hotel obtained the golden Green Key all types of forests. In a bold move to certificate, the highest category of this help improve the climate, Marriott Inter- worldwide eco-label. The Renaissance national also focuses on protecting 1.4 Amsterdam Hotel makes it a point to million acres of endangered rainforest stay a green hotel. Meeting and event in the Amazon, an area called the Juma planners will have the chance to book Sustainable Development Reserve. special Green Meetings in one of the www.marriott.com/corporate-social-responsibi- 11 eco-friendly meeting rooms. lity/corporate-environmental-responsibility.mi Because April is “Environmental Awa- Renaissance Amsterdam reness Month” the Renaissance Ams- Hotel Kattengat 1 terdam Hotel offers a ‘going green’ 1012 SZ Amsterdam, group package. The Netherlands 3
ECOLOGY and CULTURE 4 Singapore - the island of dreams. In the minds of many of the magic word is surrounded by the romantic aura of Singapore tropical paradise: palm trees and sandy beaches, roaring ocean, blue sky and lush vege- tation. Although this is unlikely many will be able to answer the question, what is Singa- pore - a city or island state? It turns out that the one and the second and the third In fact, no raging ocean in Singapore is not in sight. On the one hand, this island, as well as the adjoining another 63 tiny islands, located between Malaysia and Indonesia, washes the South China Sea, on the other - the Strait of Malacca linking the Indian and Pacific4 Oceans.
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ECOLOGY and CULTURE 6 The first information on this site belong to the II centu- ry. Even then, there came the fishermen, to fully appreciate the implications of the loca- tion of the island. In the VII century, Temasek, or Sea city, was known as a major port on the outskirts of the Malaysian Buddhist empire. The modern name ‘Singapore’ is associated with an ancient legend of the XVII century Ma- lay Chronicle shows that in 1299 the ruler of Palembang Sri Buana Three found on the island of great trading city. W And despite the fact that Sin- gapore is one of the twen-6 rong and who expects to ty smallest countries in the see there is greenery and dazz- world. ling natural beauty. Of course,Singapore - it’s not only the big- The old are inexplicably adja- gest port, but also the largest cent to the new - it’s hard toin Southeast Asia, an industrial understand where it ends and center with an unusually high begins skyscrapers classic even in comparison with Europe, Chinatown or Little India, less the standard of living. And on real. the immediate environment - In- donesia, Malaysia or the Philip- How could this happen meta- pines, not even worth talking morphosis? After all, even - nothing. The only thing that what some 200 years ago the-perhaps can be compared to Sin- se places were the most com- gapore - this is Hong Kong, but mon tiny island almost enti- with a very large Shimi reserva- rely covered with impenetrabletions. Although in both cases to jungle, literally teeming with the creation of civilized tech- tigers. By the way, these pre- nocratic oases in Asia a hand dators were a major problem in English. True, if they were in for the British during the de- After landing on the shore, he Hong Kong before the end of velopment of this area. Fero- met a huge lion, and although the the XX century, Singapore was cious animals, of course, it is lions in these parts, either befo- left in the middle. This means not like the fact that the inva- re or after no one saw a crea- that the construction of a mo- sion of their rights in their fa- ture, which the governor said, dern prosperous society - the miliar surroundings, and they was red with a black bare howl, whole merit of local residents. ate about 300 workers invol- he decided that it was a lion. SoAt the same time Hong Kong was ved in cutting down the jun- in the future for the city stuck purely Chinese, but in Singa- gle. And since in those days the name of Singapore, which in pore, despite the predominance on the outskirts of the Malay Sanskrit means ‘Lion City’. Inof the same Chinese who turned world of labor was abundant, what Singapore has repeatedly out fantastic international and tigers were finally defeated. served as a bone of contention cosmopolitan city. Although the history of Singa- in relations between the neighbo- And despite the fact that Sin- pore began not with the moment ring countries, he often passed gapore is one of the twen- when the British appeared on from hand to hand. In the middle ty smallest countries in the the island, and to goraz befo- of the XIV century, Singapore world. re. However, its early fog and has repeatedly attacked: in the uncertainty. south - on the part of Majapahit
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