American Symbols, People, and Events eBook

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  • 1. BY ERIN LUSK, EMILY QUINN, AND JULIA THELEN American Symbols, People, and Events
  • 2. U SER GUIDE What’s this Book Even About? This book was created by Erin Lusk, Julia Thelen, and Emily Quinn. The purpose of this book was to complete the standard for first grade students to be able to identify individuals, events and symbols that are important to our country.
  • 3. C HAPTER 2 Famous American Symbols What do you think? Are symbols important to our country? A. Yes B. N0 Check Answer There are many symbols that are important to our country. Some you might be familiar with, and some you might not. In this chapter, we will learn more about these symbols.
  • 4. Introduction Once you have some ideas down watch this video for an introduction to American symbols. (Click on the link to watch the video and and once you’re done exit back to this page!) T AKE OUT YOUR NOTEBOOK AND ANSWER THESE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS : 1. What symbols do you already know for our country? http://www.brainpopjr.com//socialstudies/citizenship/ussy mbols/ Now that you have some ideas of some of the United States symbols, we’ll get to learn a little more about each of these! 2. What do you think these symbols stand for? Or why are they important to the USA? 3. What symbol do you find to be the most important to our country? 3
  • 5. ...in your classroom United States Flag The United States Flag is an important symbol for our country because it stands for the United States of America. …during a sports game Think for a minute! Where have you seen a United States Flag? There are so many places! The United States flag is seen in a lot of different places! ...during the Olympics ...or maybe at a government building! Maybe you’ve seen it... But do you know what it is and what it stands for? 4
  • 6. The United States flag is important to our country because it represents our country. There are 50 stars on the United States flag to represent the 50 states of our country. There are also 13 stripes that represent the 13 original colonies of our country. We say the Pledge of Allegiance to our flag while looking at it to show loyalty to our country. We also look at the flag and sing the National Anthem to show respect for our country during important events. The United States flag is a symbol of unity. In your notebook, please write 2 things that you’ve learned about the United States Flag. 5
  • 7. The Bald Eagle A silver dollar A quarter The bald eagle is our national bird. It is a very important symbol for our country. A half dollar Think for a A gold coin minute! Maybe you’ve seen one at a zoo. But besides in real life, where else have you seen a bald eagle? Or on the Great Seal of the United States Can you think of anymore places? You can find a bald eagle on… Do you know why the bald eagle is so important to our country? 6
  • 8. The bald eagle is the emblem of the United States. It was chosen to be the emblem on June 20, 1782. An emblem is a picture or object that represents something. Question: But why was the bald eagle chosen as the emblem? (Scroll down to see the answer!) Answer: It was chosen as the The bald eagle is a symbol of freedom. In your notebook, please explain why the bald eagle was chosen as the United State’s emblem. 7
  • 9. The Liberty Bell Today, the Liberty Bell can be found in Philadelphia Pennsylvania, the same place it’s been in since it was first rang. It’s an important symbol for the United States of America. It looks like this: Here’s an even closer look at the Liberty Bell! Check it out! Think for a minute! Can you think of a time when you’ve heard of or seen the Liberty Bell? Here’s the link: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6xRp8D9DdbI But how can a cracked bell be so important to our country? 8
  • 10. The Liberty Bell first rang outside of Independence Hall on July 8, 1776 to summon the citizens of Philadelphia to listen to Colonel John Nixon read the Declaration of Independence to the public for the very first time! Why was the Declaration of Independence so important? The Declaration of Independence was what Congress used to announce the thirteen colonies’ independence from Great Britain, and that they were now their own independent states and nation. Without this, we would still be under Britain’s rule! The Liberty Bell is still very famous today! 9
  • 11. Later the Liberty Bell was used by abolitionists (people who wanted to stop slavery) as a symbol to end slavery. Give this one a try! Where did the crack on the bell come from? A. Someone threw a rock at it. The Liberty Bell is a symbol of unity. In your notebook, please list 3 pieces of history about the Liberty Bell. B. The crack appeared on the Bell when it was rang on Washington’s birthday in 1846. C. It magically appeared one day. No one knows why. Check Answer 10
  • 12. Try to Answer This! The White House Who lives in the White House? A. The President of the United States B. The First Lady C. The family of the President The White House is a very important symbol for the United States. It can be found in Washington DC. D. All these people live in the White House! Check Answer Think for a minute! Have you seen the White House before? Why is the White House such an important symbol? 11
  • 13. The White House is located in Washington DC which is our nation’s capital. It is where the presidents of the United States live during their terms. The White House is a place where the president can both live and work. President Obama and his family live in the White House. The White House is a symbol of freedom, democracy, our president, our country’s history and the United States. 12
  • 14. The Statue of Liberty The Statue of Liberty is found in New York. This is in the Atlantic Ocean on a small island named Ellis Island. The Statue of Liberty is a big, green statue that is found in the New York Harbor on Ellis Island. Think for a minute! Have you ever seen the Statue of Liberty before? Why is this big statue of a woman important to our country? 13
  • 15. The Statue of Liberty was a gift from the French during the American Revolution to show their friendship. It was given on June 19, 1885. Did you know? The Statue of Liberty was sent in parts and workers had to put her together? To the left you’ll see a picture of her arm! Since the Statue of Liberty was on Ellis Island, it was seen by many immigrants when they came to America to start a new life. Immigrants saw it as a symbol of hope. What is an immigrant? An immigrant is a person that comes from a foreign country to live in a different country. For example, there were lots of immigrants from countries in Europe that came to America to start a new life. The Statue of Liberty is a symbol of the United States, liberty and freedom. 14
  • 16. Review of Chapter Famous American Symbols I N YOUR NOTEBOOK PLEASE WRITE : 1. What was your favorite symbol we learned about? 2. Why is it your favorite symbol? Now that you have learned all about the symbols, you can play two review games to see how much you know! The first game, you are given a clue. Then you take the picture of the symbol that matches the clue into the big square. Click on the link to play! http://www.texaslre.org/asymbols/symbolsgame.html The second game is a memory game of matching symbols together. Click on the link to play! http://www.brainpopjr.com/socialstudies/citizenship/ussym bols/matching/ In this chapter, you got to learn more about some of the important American symbols. There are a lot more, but we just touched on the major ones today. In the next chapter, you will learn about famous American people! 15
  • 17. C HAPTER 3 Famous American People What do you think? Which of the following can be a famous person in history? A. a president It is impossible to count the exact number of people that impacted American history because there have been so many. There are so many individuals who have made their mark on history that we cannot even mention every single one of them in this book! B. an athlete C. an ordinary person D. all of the above Check Answer
  • 18. S ECTION 1 Introduction After you have finished writing down your list, click on the link below and see how many of the people on the list you created are mentioned on this website. Feel free to go back to this website in your free time G ET INTO GROUPS OF THREE OR FOUR AND COMPLETE THE FOLLOWING ACTIVITY • Talk with your group members about people who you think have impacted American history in any way. http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2006/12/thetop-100-influential-figures-in-american-history/305384/ Now that you have looked through the names of some historical people, we can learn about something specific people who are well known for their actions in American history. • Have one group member take out a notebook and write down a list of these names. 17
  • 19. S ECTION 2 George Washington I was elected as the very first president of the United States of America! George Washington is most famously known for being the first president of the United States! He was elected as president in 1789, and was the only president to receive 100 percent of the electoral votes! Becoming the first president was not his only accomplishment though! You may also recognize George Think for a minute! Washington from the one dollar bill! Have you seen George Washington anywhere? Or heard anything abut him? 18
  • 20. There is a rule that presidents of the United States can only serve two terms as president. This rule was created because of George Washington! Washington was president for two terms, and that is why this rule was created! Washington was also the leader of the Continental Army, which played a huge role in the victory of the American Revolution! Washington was a member of the Second Continental Congress. This was a very important event to be included in! Washington was asked to take on a very important role in the war when he was at this meeting! M OVIE 3.1 Watch this Liberty Kids video featuring George Washington giving a speech to his soldiers! **Pay special attention to the clip from 0:02 to 0:47** What did you find interesting about Washington’s speech? Write your answer in your notebook, along with 3 facts you learned about Washington. 19
  • 21. S ECTION 3 Abraham Lincoln Abraham Lincoln was the 16th president of the United States, and played a huge role in ending slavery in America. He also delivered the famous Gettysburg Address, which redefined the Civil War as a new birth of freedom. Say NO to slavery! What is the Emancipation Proclamation? Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation which began the process of freedom for American slaves. The Emancipation Proclamation was a war measure passed to free slaves in the ten states that were in the rebellion at during the Civl War. He also strongly supported the Thirteenth Amendment that formally ended slavery in the US. 20
  • 22. S ECTION 4 Martin Luther King Jr. Martin Luther King Jr. was an African American man who is known as a leader in the African American Civil Rights Movement. He was president of the Montgomery Bus Boycott, which led to the Supreme Court ruling that racial segregation on public transportation was illegal. Racial segregation is setting people apart from each other depending on the color of their skin. King did many things that affected the African American Civil Rights Movement. What is the African American Civil Rights Movement? The African American Civil Rights Movement was a movement to end the mean way Americans treated African Americans. He wrote his famous “Letter from a Birmingham Jail” in which he argued that individuals have the right to protest and disobey unjust laws. 21
  • 23. Give this one a try! He gave the famous “I Have a Dream” Speech and then discussed the end of segregation in schools, as well as protection rights for African Americans with President John F. Kennedy. Martin Luther King Jr. was the leader of what movement? (do not look on the previous page. try to an- A. Children’s Rights Movement B. Anti-war Movement C. African American Civil Rights Movement Check Answer Can you think of any other famous African Americans? 22
  • 24. S ECTION 5 Rosa Parks She was associated with the Montgomery Bus Boycott after refusing to give up her seat. Rosa Parks is another African American who had a great impact on the African American Civil Rights Movement. She refused to give up her seat on a bus to a white man who insisted on being able to sit. Think about it! What would you do if you were in Rosa Parks situation? 23
  • 25. S ECTION 6 Betsy Ross She took over her husband’s upholstery business after he was killed in the American Revolution! Betsy Ross is well known for creating the first American Flag, shown below! She worked day and night to create flags! She is a fine example of what women went through during her time. She was a widow, single mother, and managed a household and business during the American Revolution! Think about it! How is this flag similar and different compared to today’s American flag? 24
  • 26. S ECTION 7 Barack Obama He started to bring home our soldiers from Iraq in 2011. This allowed families to be reunited! Barack Obama is our current president. He is the first African American to be elected President of the United States! Improved school nutrition by signing the Healthy HungerFree Kids Act in 2010 with his wife, Michelle Obama. He is responsible for the troops that finally killed one of America’s greatest enemies, Osama bin Laden. 25
  • 27. S ECTION 8 Jackie Robinson He faced insults and threats due to the color of his skin with grace. But his graceful attitude towards these insults led other African Americans to question the “separate but equal” doctrine. Jackie Robinson was the first African American to play major league baseball! Think about it! Do you know of any other famous African American athletes? What is a doctrine? A doctrine is a belief or set of beliefs taught by a certain group. 26
  • 28. S ECTION 9 Review of Chapter Famous American People I N YOUR NOTEBOOK PLEASE WRITE : The name of each important person shown below. A. B. Answer the following questions in your notebook: 1. Who is the current president of the United States? 2. Name two people who were involved in the African American Civil Rights Movement. 3. Who was the first president of the United States? 4. What sport did Jackie Robinson play? 5. True or False? Abraham Lincoln agreed with the idea of slavery? C. E. D. F. When you are finished, discuss you answers with a partner! We will go over the answers as a class later on. 27
  • 29. C HAPTER 4 Famous American Events In this chapter, you will learn what an American event is! You will also learn about some important events, such as: The Louisiana Purchase (Section 1) The American Revolution (Section 2) September 11, 2001 (Section 3) Apollo 11 (Section 4)
  • 30. S ECTION 1 What is an event? P RE -L ESSON ACTIVITY 1. In your own words, describe what makes an event important to our country? 2. List the important events you already know. 1. What happened in these events? 2. What happened because of these events? What shapes our country? What happened to make our country what it is today? Certain events occur that force our country to make decisions that could change our country instantly. Some events influence our country and helps shape our country in a good way, while other events affect our country in a bad way. 29
  • 31. S ECTION 2 Louisiana Purchase The Louisiana Purchase affected our country in a positive way. Thomas Jefferson made a deal with the French to help them pay back debt they owed to America. Thomas Jefferson was not sure what was on this new land, so he hired Meriwether Lewis Who is Thomas Jefand William Clark to explore the new ferson? He was the land. President of our country at the time This purchase helped establish new boundaries of the United States. It doubled the land area, gaining 828,800 square miles. The main area of the purchase includes what is now Oklahoma, Nebraska, Iowa, Arkansas, Kansas, and Missouri. 30
  • 32. S ECTION 2 Louisiana Purchase • Why was this a positive event for America? This nearly doubled the land in our country. Also, because we bought this land from the French, they no longer had land in what is now the United States. T HINGS TO THINK ABOUT 1. What would our country be like without it? 2. Why was this a good thing for our country? • What was our country like before the Louisiana Purchase? We did not have the land in between the Mississippi River and Rocky Mountains before the Louisiana Purchase. Now we did. 31
  • 33. S ECTION 3 The American Revolution was a war fought over the 13 colonies and who would have control over them. This war was caused by Britain wanting to have power over all the 13 colonies. This war was different because there were many separate battles fought in different locations. The American Revolution As a result of the American Revolution, the Declaration of Independence was written and signed. This is the document that made the 13 colonies free from Great Britain. T HINGS TO THINK ABOUT 1. What was our country before the American Revolution? What is the Declaration of Independence? This is the document that made the 13 colonies free from the British. This also is the base of our government today. What are the 13 colonies? The 13 colonies were the first 13 “states” that were founded by the British. 32
  • 34. American Revolution Declaration of Independence The Declaration of Independence is what helped the 13 colonies become free from Britain. This was just the start of it. The document is then what the country would base their new government around. All men that were at the meeting, decided without a problem that this document should be put into action. 33
  • 35. S ECTION 4 September 11, 2001 September 11, 2001, had a very negative impact on our country. Islamic extremists, people who would do anything for their religion. These Islamic extremists were following the orders of Osama bin Laden. What is an Islamic extremist? Islam is a religion. Islamic extremists are people who take their religion very seriously to the point where they harm those not in that religion. They took over 4 commercial jets. Two jets were flown into the Twin Towers in New York City, New York. The twin towers was a national landmark. This was a terrorist attack. A terrorist attack is a surprise attack using the purposeful use of violence against a group of people in the hope of getting political or religious goals. This event also started the war on terrorism. What is a terrorist? A terrorist is the person or group of people who take out the violent action. 34
  • 36. S ECTION 4 What has 9/11 done to our country? T HINGS TO THINK ABOUT 1. Who all was involved? A $60 million dollar memorial site was made where the buildings used to be before the attack. There was a ceremony honoring those who lost their lives in the attack. Not only did the people in the buildings lose their lives, but firefighters also did. We will forever remember those involved in the attack. 2. How do we remember this event? 35
  • 37. S ECTION 5 Apollo 11 Apollo 11 occurred on July 20, 1969. Apollo 11 was the mission to the moon that was successful in having a human step foot on the moon. The United States’ space program, NASA, put the mission together. The astronauts were in the space shuttle for four days on their trip to the moon. The first man to step foot on the moon was Neil Armstrong. He moonwalked with other for three hours. 36
  • 38. Review FAMOUS AMERICAN EVENTS What event involved the purchasing of land that nearly doubled the size of America? A. September 11, 2001 B. Apollo 11 C. Louisiana Purchase FAMOUS AMERICAN EVENTS D. The American Revolution What event involved the first person on the moon? Check Answer A. September 11, 2001 B. Apollo 11 C. Louisiana Purchase D. The American Revolution Check Answer xxxvii
  • 39. Review R EVIEW 4.1 Lorem Ipsum dolor amet, consectetur What event was an act of terrorism? A. September 11, 2001 B. Apollo 11 C. Louisiana Purchase FAMOUS AMERICAN EVENTS D. The American Revolution What event did the Declaration of Independence come from? Check Answer A. September 11, 2001 B. Apollo 11 C. Louisiana Purchase D. The American Revolution Check Answer xxxviii
  • 40. Sources Used American Symbol Sources: http://www.baldeagleinfo.com/eagle/eagle9.htm http://www.ushistory.org/libertybell/ http://macmillanmh.com/projectpresidency/election_central/why_white_house_important.htm http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=as9apKNqcG8 http://www.brainpopjr.com//socialstudies/citizenship/ussymbols/ http://www.brainpopjr.com/socialstudies/citizenship/ussymbols/matching/ http://www.texaslre.org/asymbols/symbolsgame.html http://www.usa-flag-site.org/history.shtml http://statueofliberty.org/Statue_History.html http://bensguide.gpo.gov/3-5/symbols/ American People Sources: http://www.freedomshrine.com/historical-american-figures.php http://www.biography.com/people/betsy-ross-9464205 http://www.washingtonmonthly.com/magazine/march_april_2012/features/obamas_top_50_accomplishments035755.php ?page=all http://www.ushistory.org/germantown/people/washington.htm http://www.thekingcenter.org/about-dr-king http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/rosa_parks.htm http://www.history.com/topics/franklin-d-roosevelt http://www.history.com/topics/jackie-robinson http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2006/12/the-top-100-influential-figures-in-american-history/305384/#slide 63 http://rogerjnorton.com/Lincoln87.html
  • 41. Famous American Event Sources: http://www.capuchin.org/events http://www.thefabricator.com/article/forceos/were-all-in-this-together-fighting-negativity http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:United_States_Louisiana_Purchase_states.png http://totalfratmove.com/tfms-in-history-the-louisiana-purchase/ http://www.monticello.org/site/jefferson/louisiana-purchase http://cordelia.typepad.com/.a/6a00d8345269c569e2013485314f0b970c-pi http://www.overviewinstitute.org/featured-articles/44-apollo-11-and-the-overview-effect http://www.dogonews.com/2013/9/9/9-slash-11-slash-2001-the-day-our-lives-changed-forever xl
  • 42. Abolitionist Person/people who wanted to end slavery. Related Glossary Terms Drag related terms here Index Find Term
  • 43. Democracy Government where the people get to elect the government members. Related Glossary Terms Drag related terms here Index Find Term
  • 44. Emblem A picture or object that represents something. Related Glossary Terms Drag related terms here Index Find Term
  • 45. Gettysburg Address Speech given by Abraham Lincoln at the dedication of a cemetery. Related Glossary Terms Drag related terms here Index Find Term
  • 46. Immigrants A person/people that comes from a foreign country to live in a different country. Related Glossary Terms Drag related terms here Index Find Term
  • 47. Liberty Being free in a society. Related Glossary Terms Drag related terms here Index Find Term
  • 48. Montgomery bus boycott An African American protest about the buses in Montgomery. Related Glossary Terms Drag related terms here Index Find Term
  • 49. Second Continental Congress Group of people that got together to talk about the Revolutionary War. Related Glossary Terms Drag related terms here Index Find Term
  • 50. The Great Seal of the United States A material with a design on it to show it came from the United States of America. Related Glossary Terms Drag related terms here Index Find Term
  • 51. Unity Being together, or joined as one. Related Glossary Terms Drag related terms here Index Find Term