2. Why use articles?o Provide up-to-date informationo Deal with current topics → the latestresearch, theories, interpretations,news, products, trendso Most have a specific focuso May reflect different viewpoints
3. To find articles on any topic…You search online,through the Library websitewww.eclibrary.ca
4. The Library subscribes to many databaseswhich provide access tothousands of online magazines,journals, newspapers & similar publications.
5. Databases allow you to search severalpublications at once……so your searching is faster and more efficientthan browsing one publication at a time!
6. Many articles are available in theirentirety through these databases.Some articles are available in printor microform formats.
7. What’s the difference betweena journal and a magazine?
8. Magazine Articleso General-interesto Not scholarlyo Written by reporters, featureeditorso Wide audienceo Usually < 5 pageso No abstracts or referenceso Glossy, with pictureso Advertisements
9. Journal Articleso Scholarlyo Written by subject expertso Report on original researcho Specific audienceo Usually > 5 pageso Include abstractso Referenceso Usually no pictureso No advertisements
10. Journals vs. MagazinesIn college and university you are oftenexpected to use “scholarly” sourcesof information.Scholarly articles are found in journals.Tip: Scholarly journals are sometimes called “academic” journals.
11. What does“peer-reviewed” mean?
12. Peer-reviewed articles…o Have been critically evaluated by subjectexperts.o Must meet high academic standardsbefore being accepted for publication inscholarly journals.
13. When you use peer-reviewed articles,you know you have the most reliablescholarly information published!Tip: Some journals use the term “refereed” instead of “peer-reviewed”.
14. OK,how do I FIND articlesin the Library?
15. Library Website www.eclibrary.caClick on E-Resources
16. Select a subjectrelated to yourtopic, or choose“General”.
17. General databases include articleson a variety of topics…Examples:Academic Search PremierVocational Studies CompleteCBCA CompleteCPI.Q. Canadian PeriodicalsCanadian Newsstand
18. Subject-specific databases provide morein-depth coverage of topics…Examples:Historical AbstractsProquest Nursing & Allied HealthCBCA BusinessArt Full TextPsycINFO
19. For the best search results:o Start with a subject-specific database.o Try searching more than one database.
20. Read the descriptionsto help you select adatabase suitable foryour topic.
21. Designing Your Search
22. First of all, identify the main concepts of your topic.Video gamesAdolescentsBehaviour“The effect of video games on adolescent behaviour”
23. Video games, adolescents and behaviourare called “keywords”.o Keywords are single words or shortphrases that represent concrete ideas.o Keywords are what you use to searchfor articles.
24. Next, think of other ways to express thesetopic keywords, including:o Synonymso Related wordso Other forms of your keywords, such asalternate spellings, plural vs. singular, etc.
25. Make a list of your keywords.Topic Keywords Alternate KeywordsVideo gamesElectronic games, computer gamesTeenagersTeen(s), teenage, adolescent(s), adolescence,youth(s)Narrower terms – girl(s), boy(s)Broader terms – child, childrenBehaviourBehaviorNarrower terms - violence, aggressiveness,aggression, fighting, bullying
26. Searching for Articles in Academic Search PremierTip: When using more than one keyword or phrase,join them with “and”.
27. Look at your search results.
28. Results not relevant to your topic?Try a new search using different terms ora different database.Not enough articles?Your search terms or your topic might betoo specific. Try to broaden your search.Too many articles?You need to narrow your search to give it amore specific focus.
29. Narrowing Your SearchTry one or more of the following:o Use a more specific search term.o Add another search term.o Click on a subject heading.o Select a publication type, such as academic(scholarly) journals.
30. Using the more specific term “teenage boys”,instead of “teenagers”, narrows our search.
31. Adding another search term gives fewer,more relevant results.
32. Clicking on a Subject adds that term to oursearch and focuses our results.
33. You can also limit your search results tothose from Academic Journals only.
34. Broadening Your SearchTry one or more of the following:o Combine variations of your search termswith “OR”.o Use a broader search term.o Reduce the number of terms in your search.o Search a different database.
35. This search using “OR” will find articles using theword “teenagers” as well as articles using theword “adolescents”
36. Here we’ve widened the scope of our search fromteenagers to children.
37. Here we’ve broadened our search and retrievedmore results by taking out a search term.
38. Results not relevant to your topic?Try one or more of the following:o Synonyms, different spellings, or other wordsrelated to your search terms.o A different database.o The Help or Tips in the database.
39. Here we’ve used a related term, “aggression”, insteadof violence”, to retrieve more relevant results.
40. If you’ve been searching ageneral database,you may find more relevant articlesin a subject-specific databaseappropriate for your topic.
41. Find other search strategies by clicking onthe Help or Tips links in the database youare using.
42. Once you have a manageablenumber of relevant articles,take a closer look at your results.
43. Tip: The abstract is a summary of the article.To find out more about an article, hold yourcursor over the article preview icon or clickon the title.
44. To get the full article, look for a full text link.
45. If there is no full text link, click on
46. If the article is available in another database,will link you to it.Click on toget the article.will also tell you if thearticle is available in print inthe Library.GO
47. If you click on and see the messageit means the full article is not availablein any format in the Library.You can request it through Interlibrary Loan atwww.eclibrary.ca
48. Remember to keep records of all the articlesyou use for information.o This will help if you want to find them againlater!o You will also need this information when youprepare your bibliography.
49. Most databases allow you to:o Print articleso Save articles to your computer or a USB keyo Email articles to yourselfo Export articles to RefWorks
50. Another Way to Find ArticlesIf you’ve found a good article, look at the referencesto see what sources the author cited.You may find more articles related to your topic!
51. How do I find an article when all I have is a citation?Sample citation:Sheppard, George. 2000. "The Iroquois in the War of1812." Canadian Historical Review 81, no. 2: 304-305.
52. First, look up the publication in Journals by Title.
53. Enter the title of the publication providedin the citation.
54. Journals by Title will tell you:o if the Library has the publication,o what format it is in, ando the volumes and dates available.In this example, you can click on GO to access thearticle online, or find the print version in the Library.
55. Journals by Title can also be used tofind out if the Library has access to aspecific journal, magazine ornewspaper.
56. Want to access E-Resources from off-campus?Nipissing:Username = WebAdvisor IDPassword = WebAdvisor passwordCanadore:Username = student numberPassword = birthdate (mmddyy)
57. We’re here to help!If you need any assistance in the Library pleasecome to the Info Desk!You can also contact us at:o 705-474-3450 ext. 4221o firstname.lastname@example.org