Sculpture vocabulary


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  • It can be viewed on one side only such as a mural up against the outside of a building. Relief sculpture is frequently found as embellishments on architecture. You cannot walk around relief sculpture and see it from all sides like you can with “sculpture in the round”. In your own pocket right now may be some relief* sculptures bearing symbols important to Americans. The presidents, eagles, and monuments on our coins are relief sculptures.
    The above sculpture is very high relief, yet it is still connected to a flat plane and you cannot see the back of the horses.
  • He or she then pours in a melted down metal or other liquid that later hardens. Bronze is a common metal used in casting. Bronze is an alloy of copper and tin. Contemporary artists have been known to use chocolate and soap as a casting medium
  • Sculpture vocabulary

    1. 1. Sculpture Vocabulary
    2. 2. The 4 ways to create sculpture <ul><li>Additive </li></ul><ul><li>Subtractive </li></ul><ul><li>Modeling </li></ul><ul><li>Casting </li></ul>
    3. 3. Sculptors Draw… <ul><li>Before creating sculptures many sketches from multiple viewpoints must be created. </li></ul><ul><li>Even though the final product is 3D the sculptor must be proficent in drawing and painting. </li></ul>
    4. 4. Gesture: <ul><li>Gestural lines indicate action and physical movement. </li></ul><ul><li>Our eyes follow the active lines as they swirl across the page </li></ul><ul><li>In this example wire creates the gesture </li></ul>
    5. 5. Gesture drawing: <ul><li>Moving a drawing medium quickly and freely over a surface to capture the form and actions of a subject </li></ul>
    6. 6. Relief and in the round <ul><li>Relief sculpture refers to the only type of sculpture that is not viewed from all sides. </li></ul><ul><li>Sculpture that is “in the round” is viewed by all sides </li></ul><ul><li>Both types of sculpture can be created in the four traditional ways. </li></ul>
    7. 7. Relief Sculpture: <ul><li>a type of sculpture that has forms that extend into space from a single plane. </li></ul>
    8. 8. Some relief sculptures tell a story
    9. 9. Armature: <ul><li>internal support, often used to supply strength, or to provide weight reductions by providing volume and mass, which saves on outer material such as plaster </li></ul>
    10. 10. Additive: <ul><li>Additive sculpture is a process in which pieces of material are glued or joined together. As in modeling, assembled sculptures are built up. </li></ul><ul><li>A house of cards, for example, is made by assembling. </li></ul><ul><li>Additive sculpture is also known as “constructing” and assemblage. </li></ul>
    11. 11. Louise Nevelson <ul><li>Used assemblage to make her sculptures </li></ul><ul><li>Is this a relief sculpture? </li></ul>
    12. 12. Casting: <ul><li>is a process, where the sculptor starts by making a mold. </li></ul>
    13. 13. Mold Cast Paper Cast Sculpture
    14. 14. Carving: <ul><li>Carving is a subtractive process. Michelangelo used the subtractive process of carving marble </li></ul>
    15. 15. Here are some more examples of carving
    16. 16. Modeling: <ul><li>is the building up and shaping of soft material to create a sculpture. </li></ul>Oil based clay model Bronze from clay model
    17. 17. In this project you will use the modeling technique. <ul><li>Create a texture </li></ul><ul><li>Create as many details as possible to make it realistic </li></ul><ul><li>Create the sculpture a size that will fit on a small plate </li></ul><ul><li>Create a composition on the plate with the items you sculpt. </li></ul>
    18. 18. Review: 4 Ways to create a sculpture <ul><li>Modeling, subtracting, casting, and assembling are the four ways to create a sculpture. </li></ul>Modeling Carving Casting Assembling