www.stutteringhelp.org • 1-800-992-9392 • www.tartamudez.org T HE S TUTTERING F OUNDATION A Nonprofit Organization FALL 2007 Since 1947... Helping Those Who StutterAuditory cortex,altered auditory World congress feedback and unites groupsdevelopmental stutteringInitial studies of SpeechEasyAnne L. Foundas, M.D.and Edward G. Conture, Ph.D. Editor’s note: The StutteringFoundation is pleased to support Our knowl-this new research.edge of the bio-logical bases ofdevelopmentalstuttering hasbeen greatly en-hanced by recentresults of brainimaging andphysiological people who stutter. Fraser honored in medieval setting The event was held in Anne L.studies. Taken In May, the International Foundas, M.D. Mark Irwintogether, thesecomplementary Stuttering Association, the Cavtat, a picturesque coastalmethods have umbrella organization repre- town on the southern tip ofbegun to provide senting 45 self-help groups the Republic of Croatia.converging evi- throughout the world, held Delegates from 43 coun-dence about the its 8th World Congress for tries comprised the morebrain regionsthat may be af-fected in indi- Edward G. Continued on page 8 Photos: Terrace of fortress in Dubrovnik. Top right: Joseph Lukong of Cameroon with a copy of the new Basic Clinicalviduals who Skills. Center: Mel Hoffman, awards chairman of the International Stuttering Association, presents the Outstanding Conture, Ph.D.stutter. For example, there is Service Award to SFA President Jane Fraser. Bottom: Jennifer Tseng of Taiwan and Zong-Shan Li of China discuss translations of SFA materials.strong evidence that dysfunctions With funding from the Continued on page 12 Searching for predictors of chronic stuttering NIH’s National Institute on Anne Smith, Ph.D., I am pleased to have this Deafness and Other Purdue University Rocket Science . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 opportunity to update you Communication Disorders, we have been recruiting 4 Inside... Bob Love documentary . . . . . . 3 on the progress of the SpeechEasy outside the lab . . . 3 Purdue Stuttering Project and 5-year-olds, and we Web site a summertime hit. . . . 4 over the past year. You will be following them SFA workshops reach out . . . . 6 may recall from my earlier yearly for a period of 5 article that we are engaged Anne Smith, Ph.D. years (that is, if our project Letters from young readers . . 10 in a longitudinal study of is renewed — money is New MySpace page . . . . . . . . 11 young children who stutter and very tight at NIH these days, so Interview with Eric Roberts . . 13 their normally fluent controls. Continued on page 2
2 www.stutteringhelp.org 60 1-800-992-9392 Years of ServiceRocket Science Jane Fraser and Joe Fulcher blasts off meet with U.S. Congressman Frank R. Wolf, a longtime sup- Peter Reitzes, M.A., CCC-SLP, porter of the Stutteringfilm Rocket Science not only as ashares his comments on the new Foundation. In 2006, the con- gressman drew attention to child- hood stuttering after he submit-speech pathologist, but also as a ted an article about Tiger Woodsperson who stutters. His insights from the SFA newsletter to themay provide direction for those Congressional Record. Kwho want to see this film. I saw Rocket Science and it isabsolutely a wonderful movie. It stutter (CWS) and 13 children whoreally felt good and are normally developing (CND).validating to see keep your fingers crossed for us!). What we have found is that the Smith Continued from front pagesuch a likable char- In our first year of the longitudi- CWS and the CND have the sameacter as Hal (the nal study, we have tested 34 chil- average rate of clapping; bothhigh-schooler who dren who stutter on an extensive groups tend to speed up when thestutters) struggle in set of experimental protocols that beat goes off. Concerning theall the same ways includes recording variability of theirthat I struggled in Jeffrey Blitz, orofacial move- clapping, we com-high school. ments and muscle 4 and 5-year-olds pute a statistic that ... about 60% of As far as being Rocket Science activity during who are stuttering reflects their vari- who wrote andappropriate for speech, testing ability in percent. directedteens, Rocket Science certainly basic timing ability are unusually poor The range of vari-touches on some difficult topics. in a hand clapping ability in percentSome of the people around Hal task, and recording for the normally de- at keeping timetreat him as a broken person. the electrical activ- veloping children compared to When I was in Hal’s shoes, I cer- ity of the brain was 5 to 13%. their normallytainly felt broken as well. I am (EEG) while the developing peers. Interestingly, 10 ofworking now with a teen and I men- children watch a video about a the 17 CWS had variability percent-tioned the film to the family. I was young penguin named “Pingu.” ages outside the range of the CND.very careful to make it clear to the We have analyzed some of our These 10 CWS had greater variabili-family that this movie could trigger “year 1” data, and many exciting ty percentages than any of the CND,some painful memories and feel- results have come to light. and these ranged from 15 to 32%!ings in their son. A teen may need I have space here to describe From these early analyses, we con-support digesting this film. My one of these new findings. We in- clude that about 60% of 4 and 5-buddy and I who went to see it were cluded the clapping task in our year-olds who are stuttering are un-extremely moved by the film and protocol, because scientists study- usually poor at keeping time com-really needed to talk about it after- ing motor behavior have used bi- pared to their normally developingwards. It is funny, beautiful and manual hand clapping as a classi- peers.hard all at the same time. cal way to examine the brain’s One overall goal of the project is One thing to keep in mind is that ability to “keep time.” to be able to predict which of theRocket Science is not a perfect end- The children are asked to clap children who are stuttering are mosting story. It presents stuttering as their hands in time with a likely to develop a chronic stutter-hard and it ends with Hal finding metronome beat. After clapping ing problem. Are these children with the beat for about 15 claps, the who are poor at a basic timing task beat goes off, and the children are at greater risk for chronic stuttering? asked to keep clapping until we Is this a sign that their young brains Continued on page 12 have about 30 unpaced claps. We have motor timing circuitry that is ask the kids to do this several times. developing atypically? Our data analysis consists of an- These are some of the questions alyzing the unpaced claps, so that we hope to be able to answer after we can determine (1) if they were following these children for five faster or slower than the target rate years. I look forward to updating they were trying to maintain, and you again in the future as more of (2) how variable they were in keep- our experiments reveal more about ing up this rate. So far, we have an- the physiological characteristics of alyzed data from 17 children who these stuttering children.The movie’s main character Hal gives aspeech in front of his class. K
60 1-800-992-9392 3 YearsFALL 2007 of ServiceDocumentary shares Bob Love’s story Bob Love has dreamt about Bob Love’s battle to overcome hisbeing a great public speaker since most formidable opponent, his stut-his early days in Bastrop tering, to become one of the mostLouisiana, even though, as a sought after motivational speakersyoung man, he could barely put in the country.two words together, let alone In Find Yourself A Dream, Bob’s Ryan Pollard, Peter R. Ramig, Donspeak a full sentence. life is depicted through interviews, Finan, and John B. Ellis, M.S. In spite of his archival basket- Recent study reportssevere stuttering ball gamedisability, Bob footage and on- on SpeechEasy useLove, the son of location scenes within extra-clinicala sharecropper, with family environmentsrose to become members, olda Chicago Bulls friends, fans, and Ryan Pollard, John B. Ellis,NBA superstar, teammates. M.S., Don Finan, Ph.D., andwhose records There are on- Peter R. Ramig, Ph.D.were eventually from the documentary. camera inter- Electronic devices that deliv- University of Colorado - Bouldersurpassed by views with NBA er altered auditory feedback These are behind the scene picturesMichael Jordan. Commissioner (AAF) have been used for sev-Throughout his David Stern; eral decades to help reduce stut-entire athletic Chicago Bulls tering (Bloodstein, 1995). Thecareer, Bob owner Jerry SpeechEasy, introduced to con-Love kept his Reinsdorf; sumers in 2001, is one of thestuttering a se- Chicago Bulls more recent AAF devices avail-cret from the superstar Michael able to individuals who stutter.fans who adored Jordan, and oth- In contrast to the often conspic-him, thinking he ers. The docu- uous and cumbersome nature ofcould do his mentary also in- earlier electronic fluency aids,“talking” on the cludes a montage the SpeechEasy is comparative-basketball court. of positive and ly small and cosmetically pleas- After a career inspirational com- ing, and thus more appealing toending back in- ments about what some consumers.jury he was told Bob Love has Recently, researchers at theby doctors that meant to them University of Colorado at Boulderhe would have and their sport examined the effects of thedifficulty walk- from basketball SpeechEasy over six months ofing, let alone greats like Oscar continual use. The purpose of theplay the game he Robertson, project was to gather Phase I treat-loved. He could Shaquille O’Neal, ment outcome research about theno longer hide Bill Russell, and SpeechEasy in more naturalistichis inability to others. settings. Unlike previousspeak, and his A Web site, SpeechEasy research (e.g., Stuartlife spiraled out www.findyour et al., 2006), this study collectedof control. selfadream.com, periodic speech samples outside of will feature the laboratory to more accurately Bob’s basketball assess the device’s real-world ef- Find Yourself ALove Story is a statistics, fan in- fectiveness. Subjects were record-Dream – The Bobone hour docu- terviews and ed while reading aloud, convers- Bob Love speaks with Susanmentary about the photos, as well ing with a researcher, and asking a Hamilton, his former therapist.inspirational true as video and question to a stranger. After a Susan now leads the Westernstory of Chicago Bulls legendary original music from the DVD. month-long baseline phase, sub- Workshop, see page 6.basketball player, Bob "Butterbean" For more information about the jects wore a custom-fittedLove. Written and directed by award documentary, Bob’s National SpeechEasy device for fourwinning director, Jim White, its School Speaking Tour, or the up- months. After this treatmentmessage is about achieving one’s coming feature film “Butterbean,” phase, subjects continued to begoals, no matter how difficult, and please contact: Steve Kennedy or monitored for an additional monththe importance of an education in Jay Rizzo at 312-368-0429, orreaching those goals. It chronicles email@example.com. K Continued on page 8
4 www.stutteringhelp.org 60 1-800-992-9392 Years of Service Media gives space and time SFA Web site a Several Stuttering Foundation ing, “There are many proven, effec-public service ads (PSAs) are tive ways to reduce stuttering.” Did you know... summertime hitbeing printed in national publica- Parents Magazine chose to run ations and aired on various radio two-thirds page ad seen by more • There were 1,500,000 hits instations. Browse through a copy than 2 million readers. the month of July alone atof Ladies Home You might even see www.stutteringhelp.org.Journal, Seventeen, or a public service ad for • Highest volume date was the SFA on your next Monday, July 30 with 73,134 hits.Adventure and you United Airlines flight • 5 a.m. – 7 a.m. is the time peri-National Geographicwill most likely see an in Hemispheres. od receiving the most SFA traffic.SFA ad. Tune into In addition PSAs haveWZAK-FM 93.1, appeared in Seventeen, • SFA’s Spanish Web siteWJMO-AM 1490 in www.tartamudez.org July hitsCleveland, Ohio, or equaled 15,000. CosmoGirl, Bass Guitar,WLS-AM 890 in • Most viewed streaming video Frontiers, New YorkChicago and listen for is Stuttering: Straight Talk for Post, Fortune, AARP,the country music star Penthouse, Learning,saying, “Hi, I’m Mel • Pages most often viewed are Good Housekeeping, Teens.Tillis!” or 20/20 co- the five streaming videos, Black Enterprise,anchor John Stossel Natural Health, andsaying, “If stuttering as well as many, many and the SFA Referral List. Savannah Magazine,affects you … call the others! Famous People Who Stutter,Stuttering Foundation SFA is dedicated • Web site viewers are locatedfor help.” to thanking each and all over the world, including The Foundation provides several every one of the media outlets that Turkey, India, Japan, Polandsizes and versions of PSAs to meet provide space and time to raising and many others.the target audience of the publica- stuttering awareness. Ktion. Popular PSAs are ones with Radio station KMMS out of“famous people” raising stuttering Bozeman, Mont., recently e-awareness. Among those featured mailed SFA saying, “Thanks forare Chicago Bulls legendary bas- the letter about our stations beingketball star Bob Love, wild-life of assistance to your organiza-conservationist Alan Rabinowitz, tion! I work with probably 200+Buffy the Vampire Slayer actor Nick non-profits nationally and local-Brendon, Annie Glenn, and states- ly and rarely do I get feedback onman Winston Churchill “speaking if what I do is catching an ear inout” on behalf of those who stutter. the listening audience. Thank Better Homes and Gardens, with YOU for the pat on the back anda circulation of more than 7 million, letting me know the PSA directordonated a full-page all-print ad stat- can help make a difference!” K Channel 3 focuses Be among the first to spot a card. Be on the lookout — you could winStuttering Foundation public ser- 3. Mail the PSA and the index on stutteringvice ads and help raise Stuttering card in an envelope to SFA. Jane Fraser was recently a guestAwareness! Stuttering Foundation, 3100 on WREG’s morning newscast. Contest instructions: Walnut Grove Road, Suite 603, CBS’Memphis affiliate invited her 1. Clip out the Stuttering Memphis, TN 38111-0749 to the studio to discuss the resourcesFoundation PSA found in a mag- 4. The first notification of a new available for those who stutter.azine or newspaper. PSA from each publication each News anchors Alex Coleman and 2. On an index card, write the month will receive an SFA T-shirt. April Thompson also highlighted aname of the magazine and 5. Winners will be notified by number of famous people who stut-month/date of issue. Also print mail. ter and offered the Foundation’syour name, phone number, ad- 6. Contest runs from Oct. 1, Web site as a great source of helpdress and email address on the 2007, through Dec. 31, 2007. K for parents, teenagers and adults seeking more information. K
60 1-800-992-9392 5 Years of ServiceFALL 2007James Frick Spotlight shines on spokesmen Stuttering Foundation spokes-remembered men Mel Tillis, John Stossel, and Myths, Get OutandShovel — Why Lies, Downright James V. Frick, Ph.D., speech Alan Rabinowitz have all made Stupidity: thepathologist and stuttering authority the headlines recently. Conservationist Alan Rabinowitz Everything You Know Is Wrong.at the Pennsylvania State Country music superstar Tillis was recently featured in Forbes andUniversity, passed away April 16. has been selected for inductionHe was 84. into the Country Music Hall of Forbes focused on Rabinowitz’ The Christian Science Monitor. Affected by a severe stuttering Fame this fall in the Lifetime exploring the Indo-Pacific region inproblem as a child, Achievement category. northern Burma, also known ashe sought help fol- Early in his career, Tillis stuttered Myanmar. He is one of only a hand-lowing his service so severely that he couldn’t even ful of Westerners who have traveledduring World War II thank the audience at the end of a in this area during the last century.and eventually be- performance. But ever since his role “This is the most intact forest incame an associate as the curtain- the entire Indo-professor of Speech puller for a Pacific region,Pathology at Penn James Frick first-grade play, with manyState, where he Tillis wouldn’t parts that areworked from 1951 until his retire- let stuttering completely un-ment in 1984. keep him from explored,” Early in his career he helped es- the stage. Rabinowitz, oftablish the Penn State Speech and Singing in the WildlifeHearing Clinic, where he special- front of the Conservationized in the treatment of stuttering class was Tillis’ Society, toldand aphasia. first step to- He graduated from St. Thomas ward legendary Rabinowitz Forbes.More High School in Philadelphia fame as a is credited for Photo courtesy of Seth Harrisonin 1939 and served in the U.S. recording artist, large portions The Journal NewsArmy Air Corps for three years performer and of land beingduring World War II where he at- songwriter. His declared na-tained the rank of Sergeant. He hits include I John Stossel have tional parks. Mel Tillis, Alanearned Bachelor’s and Master’s Rabinowitz anddegrees and then a Ph.D. in Ain’t Never, The Christian focused their all served as SFAPsychology in 1951 from the Good Woman spokesmen. Science MonitorUniversity of Iowa. In You, and Ruby, Don’t Take Your attention on Rabinowitz’ creating Blues, I Believe He was the son of the late havens for tigers, jaguars, andJames V.M. and Anna Hickey As he travels the country, he visits leopards. Love to Town.Frick. On June 20, 1953, he mar- cities where his radio PSA on stut- Rabinowitz established theried Anna Netta Livingston, who tering is being played daily, such as Hukawng Valley Tiger Server insurvives him at home. Chicago, where WLS generated a northern Myanmar. The reserve is During retirement, Dr. Frick tremendous response to his PSA. the size of the state of Vermont.served as a volunteer with the John Stossel, co-anchor of 20/20, As he strives to make the worldVolunteer Income Tax Assistants, joined SFAs Chairman’s Circle with safer for big cats, he is working withthe Centre County, Pa., Planning a recent significant contribution to local populations, educating themCommission, and the U.S. Fish the Foundation. This donation will on why it is important not to killand Wildlife Commission. further the cause of helping young these animals. He enjoyed golf, playing bridge, people and adults who stutter. “He is credited with bringingreading, jazz music and crossword Stossel has been touring the coun- unlikely partners together for con-puzzles. try this past year speaking to groups servation in various nations,” the In addition to his wife, he is and promoting his popular book newspaper wrote.survived by two sons, James V. The Stuttering Foundation KFrick III, of State College, Pa.,and Robert L. Frick and his wife,Karen, of Vienna, Va.; and three is a proud participant of thegranddaughters, Amy, Hannah, Combined Federal Campaign.and Maggie. Please note our new number. Please see page 15 for a list of CFC #11047gifts made in memory of Dr. Frick. K
6 www.stutteringhelp.org 1-800-992-9392 60 Years of Service Western Workshop Attendees say workshops are heats up Portland Temperatures rose to over 100 degrees outside, Susan Hamilton while ideas sizzled inside at the first Western Workshop held in Portland, Oregon. The WW moved from Seattle to Portland when Ellen Reuler, former 2003 WW participant volunteered to host the event at Portland State University where she is Director of Clinical Services. Susan Hamilton and Jennifer Watson joined forces at the podium for this five-day event where 20 participants were chosen from across the United States. Watson and Hamilton’s goals for this year’s workshop were to help the attendees’ to Western workshoppers gather for a group photo. Front row: Vinita Rajah, increase their “comfortability,” competence and Mike Jedlicka, Jane Fraser, Lelisa Balderama, and Pam Hubbard. Second confidence when treating children who stutter. row: Pam Thuman, Anne Terry, Deborah Carter, Marsha Hundley, Shannon “This group really impressed me in that they Richins, and Ellen Reuler. Third row: Mercedes Delaney, Jill Dolata, Debbie were positive and so supportive of each other dur- Livesey, Vicki Andre, Lori Matthews, Jaime Hardin, Vicky Edwards, Tara Roehl, Leigh Jones, and Jennifer Watson. Fourth row: Adam Heiner, Ute ing the learning process,” commented Watson. Conly, Susan Hamilton, and Glen Weybright Both presenters agreed that the participants were willing to step out of their comfort zones Western Workshop and build on past experiences to learn more about leaders Susan providing therapy to children who stutter. “It Hamilton, Jennifer takes courage to practice newly learned skills in Watson, and Ellen front of your peers,” stated Hamilton. Reuler. The traditional wine and cheese reception was hosted by Mary and Steve Brannan on their beau- tiful houseboat on the banks of the Columbia River. One workshopper deemed the event an amazing experience. Another indicated that it was a wonder- ful opportunity and that she was honored to have been a part of it. A third attendee summed it up Scenes from the when she said “the workshop was an unforgettable houseboat party. experience. I feel more confident and competent al- ready….Now to go and practice!” K Glenn Weybright, a workshopper from 2002, treats Mike Jedlicka and Jill Dolata show off an SFA workbook. the 2007 workshoppers to a kayak outing.
1-800-992-9392 7 FALL 2007 60 Years of Servicean ‘unforgettable experience’New England celebrates 10th workshop While the Stuttering Foundation of America was celebrating its 60thDiane Parrisanniversary, New England celebrated its 10th biannual workshop host-ed by Boston University. Participants gathered from nineteen states Attendeesfrom California to New Jersey, and welcomed one international partic- enjoyipant from Thunder Bay, Ontario. Experience among the group was as a reception.diverse as their geographical origins. From June 20 – 24th, however,these twenty speech-language pathologists shared one thing in com-mon: increasing their expertise in the diagnosis and treatment of chil-dren who stutter. Coordinated by Diane Parris, MS, CCC/SLP, a team of extraordinaryresearchers and master clinicians provided the right blend of informa-tion and skills training to increase participant’s confidence and compe-tence in providing an integrated approach to fluency therapy. The pro-gram began with a review of contemporary theory, current research, andassessment procedures led by Dr. Edward Conture, Professor andDirector of Graduate Studies at Vanderbilt University. Focus on treat-ment of preschoolers and partnership with parents/families was provid-ed by Dr. Sheryl Gottwald, Assistant Professor at the University of NewHampshire. Direct skills training began with the unique contributions ofDr. David Luterman in the area of counseling children who stutter andtheir families beginning with listening deeply and from the heart.Finally a leading specialist in the field, Adriana DiGrande, MSCCC/SLP, presented on the integration of cognitive, affective, motor,and social aspects of fluency therapy for the school-age child. Diane, Sheryl, and Adriana coached participants in producing easy-relaxed speech models, cancellations, and pull-outs, and the programculminated in the opportunity for participants to practice these skillsin mock therapy sessions with children gathered from the hostingclinicians’ caseloads and their siblings. Many commented that thistype of ‘hands on’ learning was a highlight of the program for them.Most participants will not only be putting their new learning to useimmediately with their own clients, but will also be offering in-servicetraining to colleagues in upcoming months. Spreading the knowledgeand skills provided in the regional workshops is essential to the mis-sion of the Foundation. Look for the next New England Workshop tobe held in June 2009. K New England workshoppers have their group picture taken. Front row: Angela Horne, Jane Fraser, Sue Basta, and Claudia Holcomb. Second row: Nancy Patriacca, Wanda Pritekel, Adriana DiGrande, Kavita Kaul, Brenda Spredding, and Sheryl Gottwald. Third row: Jennifer Shubin, Kathi Shute, Julianne Weckel, Melisa Kennelly, Stefanie Chenkin, Rozie Matthews, Erin Jarvis, and Darlene Sommer. Back row: Joe Fulcher, Dorothy Wise, Andrea Stach, Melinda Kuehn, Diane Parris, Blair OGorman, and Meghan Krodel.
8 60 1-800-992-9392 Years www.stutteringhelp.org of Servicethan 300 people who stutter, speechCongress Continued from front page Celia Grusspathologists and family and friends of Paris,who attended this event. A highlight France, Suzana Jelcic-Jaksic,was the Congress gala dinner which and Vilma Makauskiene, president of thewas held in the nearby medieval of Lithuania, Croatian Associationtown of Dubrovnik. It was the scene at the SFA for People Who Stutter, acted asof formal speeches and awards in- booth. the governor of thecluding the presentation of the ISA’s Congress. HereOutstanding Contribution Award to she speaks at thethe SFA’s Jane Fraser. 14th century fortress, setting for the gala In presenting the award to Fraser, Retiring Board dinner.Melvin Hoffman of ISA said, “No Chair Markone has done more to further the Irwin, DDS, John Ellis, Judycause of helping those who stutter." received Kuster and Ryan Pollard in front “It is a thrill to receive this an ISA Distinguished of SFA poster ofaward that recognizes our work on Service Award Famous Peoplebehalf of those who struggle daily Following this event, there can be Who Stutter.with stuttering,” Fraser said. no doubt that the world has advanced The first honorary lifetime mem- in its understanding of stuttering asbers of the ISA are Fraser and well as strengthening the bonds of in-Judith Kuster, of Minnesota State ternational cooperation. Poster producedUniversity, Mankato, and creator of The next triennial World by the Croatianthe Stuttering Home Page, Congress will be held in Beijing, Hinko Freundwww.stutteringhomepage.com. China in 2010. Support Group to raise funds K for their work. vices at a substantial discount after faction with the device, indicating completing the study. Three subjects that the SpeechEasy may bewithout the device in place. did not purchase the device, but viewed as a viable treatment op-Study Continued from page 3 replied that they would continue to tion by some who stutter. Furthermore, the subjects who The SpeechEasy was general- participated in the study sampledly effective in reducing stutter- their devices at no cost and maying when immediately fit, but have conceivably been less moti-significant reductions in stut- vated and emotionally invested intering were not consistently a positive outcome than thosemaintained across four months Relatively more stuttering re- who actively seek out and pur-of treatment.duction occurred during oral read- chase a SpeechEasy. Finally, sub-ing than during the conversation jects in this study were trainedor question tasks. Individual re- and encouraged to use activesponses varied greatly with regard techniques such as easy vocal on-to both fluency improvement and sets or initial sound prolongationspersonal impressions of the de- as needed to initiate voicingvice. For example, many subjects when wearing the SpeechEasy;reported that a promising feature of use the SpeechEasy if it were given however, additional stutteringthe SpeechEasy was its effective- to them free of charge. A final three therapy was not provided.ness while using the telephone. In subjects decided not to buy the de- Because recent clinical evidencecontrast, the most frequently re- vice and reported that they would indicates that including traditionalported drawback was perceived not continue to use it even if it were stuttering therapy may improvebackground noise in certain situa- given to them at no charge. SpeechEasy outcomes (Armson ettions (see Table). Although the group findings in al., 2006), it appears that in at At the end of the study, subjects this study revealed no overall least some cases, the expertisewere then surveyed in order to gain treatment effect for the device, provided by a certified speech-insight as to their satisfaction with this is a qualified conclusion for language pathologist to providewearing the SpeechEasy. Regarding several reasons. First, individual additional stuttering treatmentultimate purchasing decision, four of subjects did benefit from wearing may be needed in order to maxi-the 11 subjects who began the exper- the SpeechEasy during certain mize benefits derived fromiment elected to purchase their de- speech tasks and/or reported satis- SpeechEasy use. K
60 9 YearsFALL 2007 of ServiceSLPs have an opportunity toexchange ideas over lunch. Presenters Barry Guitar and Kristin Chmela. Presenters and discussion group leaders Barry Guitar, Karen Rizzo, Diane Games, Lisa Scott, Kevin Eldridge, Kristin Chmela, Patrice Carothers, Jane Fraser, and Mary Mantilla. Best Practices in Preschool Stuttering: an overwhelming success corporated across all topics in the that the conference’s singular The Cincinnati Airport Marriott conference and gave attendees the focus on preschool children was Lisa Scott, Ph.D. was the setting for the Stuttering opportunity to practice and refine both refreshing and needed. “I’ve Foundation’s annual summer clin- skills in decision-making, setting attended many conferences that ical conference. Although such a treatment goals, and counseling mentioned preschoolers, but conference is held each summer, parents. Small group guided prac- never addressed this population 2007 marked the first time the pro- tice leaders included Patrice for any length of time that was gram focused exclusively on Carothers, Kevin Eldridge, Diane meaningful to me and my prac- preschool children who stutter. Games, Karen Rizzo, Mary tice. Thank you, thank you!” The response to this change was Mantilla, and Bill Murphy. In addition, participants appreci- tremendous: 74 participants trav- Presenters profiled children who ated the presenters’ and group lead- eled from 21 different states and stutter through the use of video seg- ers’ warm styles and accessibility: Canada to learn about and share ments and examples of child re- “It was wonderful being able to ask their experiences in working with sponses, enhancing the explanation questions and talk with the speakers young children. of concepts being discussed. The and group leaders with ease.” The Participants heard state-of-the- audience responded enthusiastical- integration of lectures with guided art presentations from Barry ly to these strategies as they facili- practice also drew positive feed- Guitar and Kristin Chmela on best tated greater understanding of the back and continue to be one of the practices for determining whether content being discussed. It was re- strengths of the Foundation’s clini- a young child is stuttering, assess- inforcing for many clinicians to cal conferences. “Thank you for an ing the child’s priority for treat- have the opportunity to see tech- outstanding conference! I know I ment, strategies for implementing niques and ideas being demonstrat- will be a better SLP because I at- both indirect and direct treat- ed as well to as ask questions of tended this conference. The format ments, and working with families. leading experts in stuttering. with lecture and guided practice Guided practice sessions were in- Evaluation comments indicated was outstanding!” K
Dear SFA: Reader Response 10 60 1-800-992-9392 Years www.stutteringhelp.org of ServiceSend letters to SFA, P.O. Box 11749, Memphis, TN 38111-0749 or email firstname.lastname@example.org. Dear SFA: Dear SFA: A future movie star Video for young children Some of the things I like to do I am currently a graduate student are video games and watching TV. at College Misericordia (Dallas, Sometimes my speech is the PA), where I am pursuing my mas- best when I’m whispering qui- ter’s degree in speech-language etly. My friends do not mind pathology as well as my teacher my stuttering a lot. And my certification. speech is not that good when I I recently created an informational am shy, nervous, or I am in video for my graduate level fluency front of a large amount of peo- course. I did the voices, danced in ple. And on Monday at school I the costumes, shot and edited the whole piece. This 5-minute creation Tony, of Yakima, Wash., drew go to my speech teacher. She is is to be shown to younger school-this picture and included the fol- good with her speech. My mom aged children who are having trou-lowing caption: says some day I will be a good talker. bles with stuttering. Here is the link: Stuttering is not that bad. I don’t My grandmom likes musicreally care that I stutter. The stut- and she says that a director will Sincerely,tering ghost comes and makes me www.vimeo.com/clip:219933 want me for movie or singing Erik X. Rajstutter. I go to speech to fight the roles.stuttering ghost. I practice eye Dontae, 9contact, smooth talking, and goodrelaxation. Dallas, Pa.Dear SFA: Dear SFA: Teen says exercises help Hi, my name is Brandi. I’m 15Zach’s story about stuttering I do not like stuttering because Cheltenham, Pa.some people make fun of me some- Dear SFA: years old and had a stuttering problem all my life. It has gotten a SLP helps Johntimes. I do not like stuttering but I I don’t mind stuttering veryam getting much better at it. I do not badly. It’s not like it’s illegal to lot better. I’ve learned how to pro-like stuttering because I get stuck on stutter. But I don’t like it when I nounce the letters easy for thea word and it takes awhile before I can’t let the words out. Robert, word to come out right.can say the word clearly. I do not my speech therapist, helps me These exercises helped me a lotlike stuttering because it makes me learn about stuttering. Oh, and by from then to now. I stutter when I getsay words over and over again and it the way, I am John. And I’m 8 3/4 too excited, mad or sad, but some-makes me mad when that happens. years old. times I stutter when I don’t talk a lotZachary, 9 John, 8 that day then when a time comes forReedsburg, Wis. East Charleston, VT Continued on page 11 Picture perfect Christopher of Marlboro, N.J., drew this picture. It says, “I don’t care what people say or if they laugh when I stutter. I am happy being myself. Stuttering is a good experience for me because life is sometimes hard.” Do you have artwork to share? E-mail it to us at email@example.com.
60 1-800-992-9392 11 YearsFALL 2007 of Serviceme to talk the stuttering tries to come.Letters Continued from page 10 When I was younger, my stutter- Eva launches MySpace page Web site is: http://groups.myspace.com/stutteringfoundationing sounded like this “d,d, do, dog.”But now it’s like bumpy words Eva Woolwine of Ashland, worked at a local preschool forsometimes. Most of the time I run Kan., is on the go as al- children with specialout of breath which I try to control ways, but this busy gal needs. She told us, “One ofby taking my time. checked in with us and the little boys in my class When I was younger in the fifth, agreed to manage our stuttered. I enjoyed work-sixth and seventh grade, I would new MySpace page! ing with him and encour-get mad at my teachers when they We first met Eva in the aging him. It showed measked me to read. Summer 2005 Stuttering that teaching really is my Foundation newsletter calling.” Sometimes when I felt as if I could when she was the 18 Eva tells us she still hasread I would volunteer. I read that a year-old reigning Miss Eva Woolwine many opportunities forlot of celebrities have stuttering prob- Garden City and on her speaking engagementslems in their life, but James Earl way to the Miss Kansas pageant. and is able to inform and educateJones is my favorite because he plays Since then, she’s been in and the public about stuttering.Mufausa in The Lion King, and The out of pageants receiving acco- She also attended the NationalLion King is my favorite movie. I say lades, pursuing her education, Stuttering Association conven-to myself I will try to succeed in my and speaking out tirelessly to tion last summer with her familystuttering because I really want to be educate the public about stut- in Atlanta. “It’s a good chance toa veterinarian when I get out of high tering. She is living proof that offer and receive support alongschool. Now going to the 10th grade stuttering does not have to hold side other stutterers. And that’sI will try harder to my fullest and try you back! why I’m so excited to create andto succeed. Having graduated last May from manage the Foundation’sBrandi Pratt Community College with an MySpace page! One of the goals Associate’s degree, Eva is attend- is to offer young people and ing Northwestern State University teens a chance to share experi- in Alva, Oka., this fall. Her goal is ences, feelings, and helpful in-E-mailDear SFA: a teaching degree in elementary ed- formation for success!”Poem wins awards I saw my name in your summer ucation. In addition to baby-sitting At this rate, Eva may one daynewsletter and wanted to thank and working part-time in her dad’s join our long list of Famousyou. And my poem won first place law firm, this past summer Eva People Who Stutter!at district and an award of excel- Klence in the state level competition. Thank you for everything,Alicia Cameron Francek has spent his the Pi Kappa Alpha Fraternity. As a Runner on the move to support SFA summer running in honor of the 3 high school student, he was captain million Americans who stutter in an of both the Baseball and Golf teams.Virginia Beach, Va. effort to raise awareness of stuttering. “I would not be the person I am Cameron says, “I am a stutterer. I be- today without my family, my friends Editor: Congratulations on your lieve people don’t fully understand and many speech pathologists withawards!Dear SFA: this communication/motor disorder.” whom I have been working since the SFA applauds his efforts that are 1st grade. I have decided to try andKids enjoy ‘cool’ brochure First, I just wanted to say thankyou for your excellent Web site. sure to educate people all along give back. While my efforts and do-It’s so nice to be able to point par- his 300 miles path! nations may be small on a larger Therefore, he took on the task of scale, it is something I need andents and professionals toward a want to do.” says Cameron. running 300 miles (approximatelyWeb site with good information. 5 miles/day) to raise money Through his efforts, Cameron Secondly, I wish you could have through pledges and donations for has raised and donated $1,435 toseen the reactions when I gave the Stuttering Foundation. At the the Foundation. This gift willcopies of the celebrities who stutter end of this journey, he plans to run keep on giving as it helps othersbrochure to several grade school kids the Detroit Marathon. who struggle with stuttering.who stutter. They thought it was so Cameron is no stranger to a busy SFA sends a big thank you to‘cool’ to see Tiger Woods, Marilyn life. Currently he is a student at Cameron as well as best wishesMonroe and James Earl Jones. Michigan State University studying for his marathon run.Kari Peterson Communicative Sciences and Disorders and is an active member of Please see page 15 for gifts inE-mail K honor of Cameron. K
12 www.stutteringhelp.org 60 1-800-992-9392 Years means by which stuttering changes cal framework that will allow us of Service as a result of alterations in speak- to learn more about the structurein auditory cortical brain regions ers’ air-borne auditory feedback and function of auditory corticalAuditory cortex Continued from front pagemay contribute to developmental for speech and language. With re- regions in adults who do and dostuttering. Related to these find- cent advances in digital technolo- not stutter. Furthermore, it isings, numerous investigators have gy, however, one such device has thought that such studies maystudied how altered auditory feed- been widely marketed and empiri- lead to more targeted interven-back may influence speech fluen- cally studied, that is, the tions using the SpeechEasy tocy in individuals with develop- SpeechEasy (2001). help those individuals with de-mental stuttering (e.g., Armson, The SpeechEasy is a small de- velopmental stuttering seemingKiefte, Mason, & DeCroos, 2006; vice which looks and fits like a most able to receive benefit fromStuart, Kalinowski, Armson, hearing aid. This device works in such treatment.Stenstrom & Jones, 1996; Van essence by “playing a copy” of theRiper, 1973, pp. 116-139). These person’s own speech in their earalterations have involved such after shifting the pitch as well as Armson, J., Kiefte, M., Mason, J., De Croos, References D. (2006). The effects of SpeechEasy on stut-procedures as low-pass and high- creating a temporal delay in the tering frequency in laboratory conditions.pass auditory masking (e.g., acoustic output of their speech Journal of Fluency Disorders, 31, 137-152.Conture, 1974), delayed auditory production. According to Brown S., Ingham R.J., Ingham, J.C., Laird, A.R., Fox, P.T. (2005). Stuttered andfeedback (DAF) (Van Riper, SpeechEasy’s associated market- fluent speech production: an ALE meta-anal-1973), and frequency altered feed- ing literature, such adjustments or ysis of functional neuroimaging studies.back (FAF) (Armson et al., 2006). alterations in auditory feedback Human Brain Mapping, 25, 105-17. Conture, E. (1974). Some effects of noise To greater or lesser degrees, these for speech supposedly mimic the on the speaking behavior of stutterers.various alterations in speaker’s effects of choral reading. One em- Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 17,auditory feedback for speech have pirical study (Armson et al., 2006) 714-723. Foundas, A.L., Bollich AM, Corey, D.,been shown to reduce stuttering showed that the SpeechEasy re- Hurley, M., Heilman, K. (2001). Anomalousduring reading as well as conver- duced stuttering events by 49%, anatomy of speech-language areas in adultssational speech. However, what is 36%, and 74% respectively for with persistent developmental stuttering. Neurology, 57, 207-215.still unknown is whether there are conversation, monologue, and Foundas, A.L., Bollich, A.M., Feldman. J.,predictable relationships between reading. Fluency was even more Corey, D.M., Hurley, M., Heilman, K.M.auditory cortical brain regions enhanced in all speaking condi- (2004). Atypical planum temporale anatomy in stuttering: Relationship to delayed audito-(structure and function) and tions with the instruction to delib- ry feedback. Neurology. 63: 1640-1646.changes in stuttering to altered au- erately prolong vowels. Stuart, A., Kalinowski, J., Armson, J.,ditory feedback. At present, there are several Strenstrom, R., Jones, K. (1996). Fluency effect of frequency alternations of In our first volumetric MRI unanswered questions: How does plus/minus one-half and one-quarter octavestudy of developmental stuttering the SpeechEasy device work at shifts in auditory feedback of people whowe found structural anomalies the level of the auditory cortex? stutter. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 39, 396-401.within a discrete brain region – a How does the SpeechEasy device Van Riper, C. (1973). The Treatment ofportion of auditory temporal cor- relate to brain anatomy and func- Stuttering. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prenticetex (Foundas et al, 2001). Other tion? Our research group is inter- Hall, Inc.studies have found atypical acti- ested in investigating these im- Kvation-deactivation in this same portant questions. Our researchbrain region and atypical physio- group at Tulane, in collaborationlogical responses when adults with Dr. Edward G. Conture and ways to challenge himself, but Movie Continued from page 2who stutter are compared to adults colleagues at Vanderbilt, are con- the stuttering is still hard.who do not stutter (for review, ducting pilot studies to objective- Looking back at my teenBrown et al, 2005). In a subse- ly examine the SpeechEasy in a years, I am not sure how Iquent study we found that adults small group of adults with persis- would have responded to see-with developmental stuttering and tent developmental stuttering. ing the movie because I wasatypical auditory temporal anato- Overall, results of this study in such denial about my stut-my had enhanced fluency with should provide crucial, objective tering. However, I wouldDAF, but adults with develop- information for further, larger- have been able to relate to somental stuttering and typical scale study of this device, partic- much of the film because Halanatomy showed less improve- ularly relative to how cortical ac- used all of the “tricks” that Iment under conditions of DAF tivity and structure relates to grew up using.(Foundas et al, 2004). those who do versus those who Hal is a very likable charac- Although alteration in auditory do not benefit from using the de- ter. He is the good guy, thefeedback for speech appears effec- vice. The proposed studies have witty teen, funny, smart, withtive, at least in the short term, for considerable theoretical and clin- greatness waiting to burstsome individuals who stutter, there ical significance. The proposed out. A very touching movie. Kis a limited understanding of the studies should provide a biologi-
60 13 YearsFALL 2007 of Service Libraries put SFA materials on display Libraries across the UnitedStates helped the StutteringFoundation educate the publicabout stuttering by making dis-plays for National Stuttering An interviewAwareness Week in May. TheFoundation with actorworks hard toget the word Eric Robertsout that thereis help andhope for any-one who stut-ters as well as Q: At what age do you remember first being aware that you spokefor their fam- differently?ilies, friends, A: I can’t remember not being aware. In school, when we used to goteachers, and around the table, each reading a paragraph, I’d count ahead and tryemployers. to memorize my paragraph. Some li- Q: Is there any history of stuttering in your family?braries shared A: There wasn’t that I knew of. I’ve heard that my mother stutters.photos of their displays. Somehow, I don’t hear it. The Rensselaer Library in Indiana Q&Amade a beautiful, eye-catching dis- Q: Your daughter Emma definitelyplay on a shelving system that looks had a breakthrough role in this sum-like a garden fence with Stuttering mer’s hit movie “Nancy Drew.” When she was a child did you worry she CELEBRITY CORNERFoundation materials and enlarged might develop a stuttering problem?pictures of celebrities who stutter. A: Never thought about it with Emma. The Jefferson Parish Library inLouisiana chose to include books Q: Over the years, Hollywood has still produced movies which portray peo-written by authors who stuttered ple who stutter in a negative light. Why do you think Hollywood still crankswith the Foundation’s materials. out movies like these? A: Hollywood is basically immature and insecure. The Yonkers Public Library,Riverfront Branch in New York cre- Q: You made “Best of the Best” with James Earl Jones. Did you ever discussated a display outside their elevators stuttering with him?that included SFA videos and DVDs A: I can’t actually remember if James and I discussed it. But I sense weavailable for the public to check out. have a lot in common. The Union County Library in Q: What was your single most embarrassing moment as a person who stutters?Georgia displayed a poster made A: Actually it was on a recent late night talk show. I got on a stuttering jagfrom Stuttering Foundation and the audience got uncomfortable and started laughing. I stayed relaxed,brochures that included some- but I didn’t have the presence of mind, until afterwards, to acknowledge thething for teachers, employers, and stutter and put the audience at ease.parents as well as Myths About Q: If you could give any piece of advice to a young person who stutters, whatStuttering, and Tips for Talking would it be?with Someone Who Stutters. The A: The same advice I give to everyone, which is to do the ongoing work of selfposter, Famous People Who acceptance. Q: Your name has long been on the Stuttering Foundation’s list of Famous People WhoStutter, was the focal point of Stutter. What was your reaction when you saw all the famous names on themany of the displays. list? Were you surprised to see some names on there? Libraries typically coincidedtheir displays with Stuttering A: I was surprised to see some of the names there. Q: When you were growing up, did you have any people who stutter as roleAwareness Week. However, Union models?County Library in Georgia dis-played their poster for a month! K A: Actually, that would have been great. But no. A list of Famous People Who Stutter is available at www.stutteringhelp.org. K
16 www.stutteringhelp.org 60 1-800-992-9392 Years of Service Swish now helps Book’s character Stuttering: For Kids, By Kids is In his latest book Cobra Strike,Spanish-speaking kids overcomes stutteringavailable in Spanish. author Sigmund Brouwer writes This DVD features children in- about a young manteracting with an an- who deals with hisimated basketball stuttering.named Swish. “I wrote it to en- Kids re- courage kids whocount how stutter, and to helpthey handle chal- kids who don’t face Online conference tolenges such as teas- this problem to better The 10th annual International explore stutteringing, speaking in class understand the chal-and teaching others lenges,” Brouwer said. Stuttering Online Conferenceabout stuttering. The book is available through the opens October 1st and climaxes Swish, a lively publisher, Orca Book Publishers, on the 22nd, the day designatedand engaging char- www.orcabook.com. It is also sold as International Stutteringacter designed by students at Purdue on Amazon.com. Awareness Day. The onlineUniversity, narrates the video. The conference will be open at thechildren who star range in age from top of the Stuttering Home Page,first grade to high school, and they www.stutteringhomepage.com, Dave Germeyer offers a repair from October 1 - 22, 2007, and is In other news...offer frank and sometimes differentviews of stuttering. service for the Edinburgh Masker. accessible to anyone with a con- The original version premiered Contact him via e-mail at dgerm- nection to the Internet.in 2004. Now, thanks to May firstname.lastname@example.org, write G.D. Germeyer, 306 S. Baltimore St., KInternational Productions andLisette M. Betancourt, M.A., Dillsburg, PA 17019-1011, or call This newsletter is published quarterly. 717-432-3103. Please e-mail address changes andCCC-SLP, of Miami Children’s story ideas to email@example.com.Hospital, the film has been re- The documentary Unspeakableleased in Spanish. is about something Winnipeg film- Volume16, Issue 2 Free streaming video of the 12- maker John Paskievich knows Jane Fraser . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Editorminute film will soon be available firsthand: stuttering. Scot Squires . . . . . Writer/Designeronline at www.tartamudez.org and His production Unspeakable Patty Reed . . . . . . . . . .Proofreaderwww.stutteringhelp.org. The DVD explores the everyday trauma Special thanks to Joan Warner,will also be available free of charge endured by those who stutter. He Renee Shepherd, Susie Hall, Patto all public libraries. interviews people who stutter, Hamm, Lisa Hinton, Anne and even explores treatments Edwards, Carol Ecke, and therapies. and Roberta Brugge. For more information, please The Stuttering Foundation of America is contact the National Film Board New cluttering DVD a tax-exempt organization under sec- This 42-minute DVD, written tion 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue of Canada at 800-542-2164 or now available Code and is classified as a private op-and narrated by visit www.nfb.ca. erating foundation as defined in sectionFlorence Myers, C lu tt er in g 4942(j)(3). Charitable contributions andPh.D., Adelphi K bequests to the Foundation are tax-University, and deductible, subject to limitations underKenneth O. St. the Code.Louis, Ph.D.,West VirginiaU n i v e r s i t y,features peo-ple who clutter THE STUTTERINGand clearly il- THE FOUNDATIONlustrates the essence of cluttering STUTTERING FOUNDATION DVD No. 9700as well as the problems that often A Nonprofit Organizationaccompany it. Since 1947 — Helping Those Who Stutter Strategies and suggestions for 3100 Walnut Grove Road, Suite 603diagnosis and treatment of clutter- P.O. Box 11749 ● Memphis, TN 38111-0749ing are provided for speech-lan- Thanks to Rita Thurman and a helpful 1-800-992-9392 ● 1-800-967-7700guage pathologists. www.stutteringhelp.org www.tartamudez.org staff, the SFA booth at the North firstname.lastname@example.org Carolina Speech-Hearing-Language Association conference was a success.