War Erupts
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War Erupts

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War Erupts War Erupts Presentation Transcript

  • WAR ERUPTS
  • FORT SUMTER – a federal fort located in the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina South attacked on April 12,1861 to officially start the Civil War
  • Lincoln calls out troops to put down the uprising
  • Virginia decides to go with the South Virginia is a key state because of wealth, large population and home of great military leaders
  • ROBERT E LEE – general in charge of Confederate troops during the Civil War
  • BORDER STATES – states that are located between the Union and the Confederacy BORDER STATES: Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky, Missouri
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  • Kentucky is a key state because it contains so many key rivers to be used for transportation
  • RESOURCES IN 1860 Confederacy Union TOTAL U.S. POPULATION TOTAL U.S. MANUFACTURING PLANTS
  • RESOURCES IN 1860 Confederacy Union TOTAL U.S. RAILROAD MILES TOTAL U.S. INDUSTRIAL WORKERS
  • President Lincoln is a great leader and one of the biggest advantages the Union has
  • Union has a huge advantage over the South in terms of people and resources Union also has a huge advantage in factories, railroad miles and navy shipyards
  • UNION PLAN – destroy the South’s economy so they are forced to end the war
  • ANACONDA PLAN – the Union plan to shut off all Southern trade and ruin their economy
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  • BLOCKADE – when armed forces prevent the transportation of goods or people into or out of an area
  • Union also wants to capture the Confederate capital city – Richmond, Virginia
    • Confederacy has certain advantages also:
    • good generals
    • only has to fight a defensive war
    • fighting to defend their homes and families
  • South wants war to last as long as possible – force the Union to eventually give up
  • KING COTTON – cotton becomes the major economic product of the South and basis of the economy
  • South tries to force England and France to help with their war effort by refusing to send cotton – plan does not work
  • FIRST BATTLE OF BULL RUN – first major battle of the Civil War, fought near Washington, DC – was a Confederate victory
  • GENERAL STONEWALL JACKSON rallies the Southern troops to victory
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  • the Confederate win in this battle stuns the Union the Union had thought they would win the war in a couple of weeks
  • THE END