Jobs in the media industry Types of jobs, contracts and pay and professional practices Look through these slides for more information.
Types of jobs Job roles can be organised into 6 different categories based on the skills required for the jobs: Technical Creative Editorial Managerial Sales and Marketing Financial
Technical jobs Technical jobs are those that require the person to work with equipment and technology in order to help create media products. The role requires the ability to listen to, understand and carry out instructions correctly and good time management as projects often have strict deadlines. Technical jobs might include; Web developer Technical producer Technical director Camera operator Lighting director Gaffer Sound recordist Boom operator
creative jobs Creative jobs are those that require the person to expand original ideas or products to help complete a finished product. The role requires a great imagination and the ability to work well in a team as these jobs are sometimes completed in a group. Creative jobs might include; Web designer Script writer Set designer Cinematographer
editorial jobs Editorial jobs are most often found in the print industry (magazines, newspapers etc). They require the person to check through work, review what has been produced and provide suggestions, make changes or bring the work together as a final piece. This role requires good communication skills and good English grammar is important for the print industry. Editorial jobs might include; Newspaper editor TV or film editor Magazine editor
Managerial jobs Managerial jobs require the ability to oversee the work of others and to organise time effectively and productively. The role requires excellent communication skills and the ability to work well with others. Managerial jobs might include; Station Manager Floor Manager Production Manager Location Manager
Sales & marketing jobs Sales and marketing jobs are those that require the person to communicate with other businesses and sell or promote products to them. The role requires good interpersonal and communication skills as sales and marketing jobs are often highly competitive. Sales & marketing jobs might include; Public relations officer Film promoter Publicist Publicity Manager Marketing Assistant Marketing Executive
financial jobs Financial jobs are those that require the person to generate revenue for the industry/business they work for. They have to make sure the budget of the project is handled carefully, when and how to channel money into new projects and account for the budget at all times. Financial jobs might include; Producer Financial controller Production Accountant
Contracts & pay The media industry is a one of a kind industry, it is flexible and constantly changing. This means that the contracts its workers have are more flexible than traditional jobs. These are some of the most common contracts in the media industry: Full-time, permanent Part-time, permanent Fixed-term and freelance Shift work Office hours Irregular and anti-social hours pay Salaried On completion
Full-time, permanent You work on a full-time basis, usually 39 hours a week. A permanent contract means you are a regular member of staff entitled to company benefits including pensions, sick pay, maternity/paternity leave and holiday pay. The job roles most likely to be full-time, permanent are managerial, editorial, financial, creative and sometimes sales and marketing.
Part-time permanent This means you work a fraction of a full-time contract, once again you will have a set amount of hours per wee. You will also be entitled to the same benefits as full-time, permanent but on a reduced basis due to fewer working hours. The job roles most likely to be part-time, permanent are financial and sometimes sales and marketing.
Fixed-term and freelance These contracts are similar in that they are both temporary and will only last for a certain period of time. Under a fixed-term contract you may still be entitled to company benefits if outlined in your contract. However, a freelance worker will be responsible for their own arrangements in terms of pension, holiday and sick pay and other allowances. The job roles most likely to be fixed-term and freelance are technical, creative and sales and marketing.
Shift work This means your hours are set to a certain time of the day, for example, 7am-3pm or 11pm- 7am. Shifts can include late or night work and are often used in places that need to be manned 24 hours a day, such as broadcasting centres (tv centres/radio centres)
Office hours Traditionally, these are Monday to Friday, 9am- 5pm. This contract is very common for people working in administration and office-based jobs. The job roles most likely to be office hours are financial and sales and marketing and some assistants job such as research assistant.
Irregular & anti-social hours This is a little like overtime, when a person is paid extra money on top of their normal wages for working over or working unsociable hours. This is quite common in the media industries, as production work, especially on location, can be irregular and may involve working very early in the morning or late in to the night. These payments are an incentive to people to work these unsociable hours above and beyond their normal contracted duties.
Salaried A set annual wage that is broken down into monthly payments. A salary will be advertised as, for example, £20,000 per year, this is then divided by 12 to give you a monthly payment of around £1,666. The job roles most likely to be salaried are managerial and sometimes technical and creative.
On completion This is also quite common in the media industries, especially for people commissioned to do work. A contract outlines what you are required to do and by when, and you will be paid the agreed fee when the work is completed according to the contract. The job roles most likely to be on completion are creative and sometimes technical.
Professional practices Every type of job, from teacher to script writer to magazine editor has certain laws or codes of conduct that their employees must follow to ensure they and the people they work with are protected. Examples of these are: BBC guidelines Web accessibility guidelines Press codes of conduct Advertising standards Libel laws
Professional practices – advertising standards authority The Advertising Standards Authority are the UK’s independent regulator of advertising across all media. They make sure all adverts are legal decent honest & truthful. They set out the laws and codes (professional practices) for ONE media industry sector – the advertising industry. www.asa.org.uk – use this website for your case study and research.