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Energy Efficiency

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Today’s renewable energy sources are very important for lots of countries. Therefore, many countries start to change and implement their policies. Especially, in Turkey and Europe the importance of ...

Today’s renewable energy sources are very important for lots of countries. Therefore, many countries start to change and implement their policies. Especially, in Turkey and Europe the importance of solar and wind energies influence the energy policies.

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    Energy Efficiency Energy Efficiency Presentation Transcript

    •  ‘We can create a more sustainable, cleaner and safer world by making wiser energy choices.’ Robert ALAN Energy efficiency is fastest, most cost effective remedy to satisfy both power needs and environmental quality concerns. Renewable energy and clean distributed generation provide cleaner energy that reduce stresses on the electricity grid.
    • ENERGY EFFICIENCY HELPS ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT •Efficient energy use is essential to slowing the energy demand growth; clean energy supplies can make deep cuts in fossil fuel use Energy efficiency increases reliability and supply ‘Energy efficiency and renewable energy are said to be the twin pillars of sustainable energy policy’*The Twin Pillars of Sustainable Energy: Synergies between Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Technology and Policy". Aceee.org. Energy efficiency is a key requirement for poverty reduction and sustainable development
    • Environmental Kuznets Curve The composition of economic activity influencesenvironmental quality. Income grows, the structure of economy tends to change andgradually increases cleaner activities that produce lesspollution. The share of industry in GDP first rises with economic growthand then declines as the country moves from the pre-industrial
    • • The process of removing carbon from the atmosphere and depositing it in a reservoir and the primary goal was to keep global warming.• Allow the use of fossil energy to continue, while buying time to make the transition to other energy sources.• CO2 The two basic sequestration options examined were pumping CO2 into the deep ocean and injecting it into underground geological formations. Geological and Oceanic Storage; ocean and atmosphere are constantly exchanging
    • Carbon capturing artificial “trees” would be needed for tens of thousands of
    • GHG EMISSIONS INCREASING 60PERCENT BY 2025! Projected U.S. carbon emissions by sector and fuel, 1990-2025 (million metric tons)Energy Information Administration, Annual Energy Outlook 2004 with Projections to 2025, January 2004
    • 50 Forecast 45 Rest of 40 the world 35Quadrillion 30 India BTUs 25 China 20 Western 15 Europe 10 USA 5 0 1990 2002 2010 2020Source: Dept. of Energy, Energy Information Administration
    • Natural 80 Gas CoalGiga- 70watts Renewables 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 2001-2005 2006-2010 2011-2015 2016-2020 2021-2025Source: Department of Energy, Annual Energy Outlook 2005
    • Electricity Generation by fuel in EU 25 from 1995 to2030 The European Environment Agency (EEA)
    • World Electricity Generation by fuel from 2006 to2030Energy Information Administration, Energy Demand Outlook 2006 with Projections to 2030
    • •A sustainable energy economy requiresmajor commitments to both efficiency and•Including allrenewables. renewable energy sources;hydroelectricity, solar energy, windenergy, wave power, geothermalenergy, bioenergy, and tidal power.•Making the transition to a more sustainableenergy future!
    • Improve Energy Renewable EnergyEfficiency Increase renewableIncrease fuel efficiency energy to % 40 by 2020.standars forvehicles, buildings and Encourage governmentappliances. purchase of renewable energy devices.Offer tax credits for Reduce Pollutioninvestments in Increase renewableefficiency. Cut Coal use %50 by energy research and 2020. development.Encourage independentpower producers. Levy Taxes on coal and Use full cost of oil use. accounting and leastIncrease efficiency cost analysis forresearch and Phase out nuclear comparing all energydevelopment. power or put it on hold alternatives. by 2020. Phase out nuclear power subsidies.
    •  China will maintain its increasing demand for oil, coal and gas, and faces a number of challenges in improving its energy efficiency levels 67% of the total primary energy consumption is coal* U.S. Energy Information Administration China is in the middle stage of industrialization As a developing country, the Chinese Government has attached high importance to the climate change issue  recent developments in US-China clean energy diplomacy  expect future enhancement of EU- China dialogue on climate change
    • CONCLUDING REMARKS Large investment in renewable energy is necessary and predictable policy regime is required. General understanding of the world energy situation needs to be promoted. Energy efficiency is also cost-effective opportunity to reduce global greenhouse gas emissions. Carbon capture and storage may have potential, at least for addressing part of the problem BUT it leaves many environmental problems associated with burning coal 16
    • Under the 12th Five Year Plan (2011-2015), China will continue to raise itsSafe utilization of nuclear power; improving plant investment across a number of green energy sectorsperformance, and construction. Clean coal technologies  Transportation industries; ‘new fuels, fiscal an financial incentives’ ‘ Renewable power