Regional approaches to food security in Africa FRANCESCO RAMPAEU Council Working Party on Development Cooperation 5 July 2012, Brussels
Food crises: a lot is regional • 2008 price spike [cereal prices 43%] surprise: food production was at highest level (absolute & pc) Low level of technology Climatic factors (droughts, climate change) Abrupt changes input prices (energy prices) Low supply response due to poor infrastructure & market integration Export bans • Sahel & Horn: regional crises require more reg. & structural solutions…wiser transb.watermanagement, food trade, account of pastoralists movement, etc...or security threats will continue(kenya/somalia&mali)ECDPM Page 2
Why regional cooperation & integration are important 1. Poor performance of African agricultural markets (only 25% marketed - 19% of intra-Afr exports is agric) 2. Individual countries alone cannot address challenges & opportunities 3. Coherence and coordination of different regional initiatives enhance their chances of success, also ODA 4. Lessons from regional integration can help the effectiveness of regional food security action 5. Coherence and coordination of regional and national action increase the value of both 6. Linking food security and regional integration can help public-private cooperation & stimulate investmentECDPM Page 3
CAADP as Development Effectiveness?- CAADP is a very advanced attempt at fully implementing the Paris Declaration & AAA- Difficult to match: degree of African ownership (at political-bureaucratic-experts level) (unlike other AU/regional initiatives such as FTAs); robust plans for mutual accountability (M&E); outreach to other sectors; ODA predictability &coordination- Weaknesses remain, lacking sufficient: private sector involvement; clarity on the cont-reg- natnexus; donor-driven? ; impact?
DifferentRegions – SharedChallenges • ECOWAS, COMESA, EAC, SADC, ECCAS, IGAD • National Regional Nexus (vert coherence)? • 3Cs different reg.coop sectors (horiz coherence)? • Participation of NSA in Reg.Compact preparations? • Role of RECs/MS, AU/NPCA, DPs • IGAD and SpaghettiECDPM Page 6
Recent developments • “Sustaining CAADP Momentum” (special AU Ministerial on Trade &Agric in November AU Summit 2013…10 years b-day); • Business say (“Grow Africa”) bottlenecks to inv in CAADP are often regional … business-led RI ! • Which agric.model? TNCs (intensive agric/monocropping) or small farmers/sustain.agric ? • DPs at HQ-reg-nat to align/coord/harmonize RegCompacts (reg DWG)? • LR solutions cheaper than emergency (CNN effect) but politics (elections ®.solutions? … e.g. Ethiopia: 2000 vs 2003) politicallyECDPM attractive! Page 7
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