Policy Coherence for Development, a shared responsibility indeed

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Paul Engel, ECDPM, 21 - 24 January 2008
Presentation made during the Wilton Park conference: European Development Policy: Aid Effectiveness and Key Priorities

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Policy Coherence for Development, a shared responsibility indeed

  1. 1. Policy Coherence for Development A shared responsibility indeed Paul Engel, Director ECDPM Wilton Park European Development Policy: Aid Effectiveness and Key Priorities Wednesday 23 January 2008
  2. 2. PCD and Effectiveness Aid that is delivered 100% effectively can easily be rendered ineffective in producing its outcomes by an incoherent policy framework PCD is not featured in the Paris Declaration, but EU Institutions and some Member States increasingly make the link PCD means resolving policy incoherencies as much as creating synergies between policy actors/areas in favor of development.
  3. 3. European PCD commitments Lisbon Treaty, Article 10a, par 3, General Provisions on the Union’s External Action: “to ensure consistency between the different areas of external action and between these and other policies”. EU Consensus for Development: “… the EU shall take account of the objectives of development cooperation in all policies that it implements which are likely to affect developing countries, and that these policies support development objectives..” Lisbon Treaty, Article 188D: “The Union shall take account of the objectives of development cooperation in the policies that it implements which are likely to affect developing countries.”
  4. 4. Whose responsibility it is? [to take account of development cooperation objectives] The EU policy actors: European Institutions as well as Member States Across all policy areas, which are likely to affect developing countries Both external and internal
  5. 5. PCD requires an inclusive approach A Council/Government level: European/National Parliament Policy commitment to PCD Multi -stakeholder platforms/councils B External pressure: Administrative mechanisms: i.e. NGOs, Media, 1. To identify & resolve incoherencies Private sector 2. To strengthen coherence C Research, assessments, evidence which, in many ways, is political…
  6. 6. Achieving PCD requires enhanced cooperation Broad across-party political support/ lasting political commitment Coordination of policy decisions at relevant levels Inter-departmental/governmental coordination for policy design and implementation Informed by knowledge of likely impacts on priority interfaces
  7. 7. EU attention to PCD is growing 25 20 15 10 5 0 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 ¹Source: www.three-cs.net
  8. 8. A recent evaluation of PCD efforts by EU Institutions and MS concludes¹: Recognition of the importance of PCD is on the rise; EU Presidencies have kept it high on the agenda Member States take a rather piecemeal approach in their practical measures to promote PCD; a more inclusive approach is needed to ensure outcomes Most efforts lack long term strategic thinking on how broad political support can be sustained Almost all efforts lack monitoring and evaluation of results; A reservoir of practical experience has been built up but is not systematically shared within the EU. ¹Available at: www.three-cs.net
  9. 9. The jury is still out … Despite clear progress made since the turn of the Millennium, and strong efforts by European Institutions and (some) Member States, the evidence on how committed to PCD the EU as a whole really is in practice, is as yet inconclusive. Further integration, across EU actors and across national and EU policy areas is necessary.
  10. 10. What do we need? A strengthened EC model, or a strong EU? An EU that punches according to its weight An EU that leads globally on development effectiveness: PCD and Paris processes An EU that coordinates its efforts to improve its own PCD and aid effectiveness An EU that employs its political and cultural diversity as developmental assets; not as pretexts for ineffectiveness
  11. 11. Thank you!

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