Lessons for Policy Makers : Drivers & Politics of Regional Integration in Southern Africa
Drivers & Politics of Regional
Integration in Southern Africa
Lessons for Policy
If want regional integration to bring effective
development we need to understand the
politics and drivers behind it
• Birds-eye view
• Development corridors
• Private sector drivers
• Regional infrastructure planning
• Regional public goods management
What lessons can we draw for national,
regional and external actors?
• SADC empowerment/institutional changes?
• Harnessing existing „functional‟ integration
• Aligning interests important – political,
private sector, regional
• Need for more accountability and
enforcement on gov regional commitments
• Some models – e.g. NTB notification
system, FESARTA, SADC monitoring of
• Corridors/infrastructures important but not
• How to engage with (what) private sector–
accompanying policies and investments
Summary – Day 1 Themes
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• Regional projects ARE complex
• Time, patience, leadership, buy-in, luck(?)
• Big gap between project design and
• Need to think about finance structure from
early on – new models?
• Capacity and finance issues, BUT are they
real constraints? Access to funds?
• Govs can raise money when they want –
• Governments need to be clear on needs
Summary of day 2
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• Questions of trust? Also interests… e.g.
• SADC as a negotiating bloc
• Institutional capacity still weak – all from
• No regional management of water resources
• National treatment provisions
• Multiple roles for donors/ICPs
Summary of Day 2
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• Regional-national tensions
• Politics matter for prioritisation and stability
• Buy-in and models for engagement
important – process again…
• Identification of “strategic” partners for
dialogue is key
• Non-implementation a reality to address
• Realistic expectations – on gov.s, PS,
Broad themes from discussions
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• What does „buy-in‟ look like?
• Can we generalise from blockages e.g.
• How to balance “planning” and “bottom-up”
– on infrastructures, industry, development
• How feasible/desirable is regional industrial
policy to accompany corridors etc?
• Can ICPs be adaptable/flexible –
MICS&LICS, private sector etc
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• MS Ambassadors to SADC
• SADC Regional PPP legislation/unit
• Centralised info on project preparation funds
• Opinion polls of transporters on
roads/borders – name and shame?
• Challenge funds/corridors for investments
• Research on models for engagement
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