Lessons for Policy Makers : Drivers & Politics of Regional Integration in Southern Africa


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High-level Dialogue on the Drivers and Politics of Regional Integration in Southern Africa
Presentation Day 2 by Bruce Byier
2-3 July 2013
Roodevallei Hotel
Pretoria, South Africa

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Lessons for Policy Makers : Drivers & Politics of Regional Integration in Southern Africa

  1. 1. Drivers & Politics of Regional Integration in Southern Africa Lessons for Policy Makers
  2. 2. If want regional integration to bring effective development we need to understand the politics and drivers behind it • Birds-eye view • Development corridors • Private sector drivers • Regional infrastructure planning • Regional public goods management What lessons can we draw for national, regional and external actors? Summary Page 2ECDPM
  3. 3. • SADC empowerment/institutional changes? • Harnessing existing „functional‟ integration • Aligning interests important – political, private sector, regional • Need for more accountability and enforcement on gov regional commitments • Some models – e.g. NTB notification system, FESARTA, SADC monitoring of investment protocol • Corridors/infrastructures important but not enough • How to engage with (what) private sector– accompanying policies and investments Summary – Day 1 Themes ECDPM Page 3
  4. 4. • Regional projects ARE complex • Time, patience, leadership, buy-in, luck(?) • Big gap between project design and implementation • Need to think about finance structure from early on – new models? • Capacity and finance issues, BUT are they real constraints? Access to funds? • Govs can raise money when they want – e.g.Unity bridge • Governments need to be clear on needs Summary of day 2 ECDPM Page 4
  5. 5. • Questions of trust? Also interests… e.g. electricity • SADC as a negotiating bloc • Institutional capacity still weak – all from ICPs • No regional management of water resources • National treatment provisions • Multiple roles for donors/ICPs Summary of Day 2 ECDPM Page 5
  6. 6. • Regional-national tensions • Politics matter for prioritisation and stability for long-term • Buy-in and models for engagement important – process again… • Identification of “strategic” partners for dialogue is key • Non-implementation a reality to address • Realistic expectations – on gov.s, PS, regional secretariats Broad themes from discussions ECDPM Page 6
  7. 7. • What does „buy-in‟ look like? • Can we generalise from blockages e.g. BeitBridge? • How to balance “planning” and “bottom-up” – on infrastructures, industry, development linkages etc. • How feasible/desirable is regional industrial policy to accompany corridors etc? • Can ICPs be adaptable/flexible – MICS&LICS, private sector etc Questions ECDPM Page 7
  8. 8. • MS Ambassadors to SADC • SADC Regional PPP legislation/unit • Centralised info on project preparation funds • Opinion polls of transporters on roads/borders – name and shame? • Challenge funds/corridors for investments along corridors • Research on models for engagement enforcement? Some ideas ECDPM Page 8
  9. 9. Thank you www.ecdpm.org www.slideshare.net/ecdpm Page 9