What, why and how – initialthoughts based on a literaturereviewQuentin de Roquefeuil & Jeske van Seters23 May 2013, OECD C...
1.  What the methodology is about2.  Key lessons from the literature review3.  Initial ideas on the methodology4.  Questio...
1. What the methodology is about
•  Non-development policies of OECD membercountries (e.g. agriculture, trade,investment, science) can have an impact ondev...
ECDPM Page 5Measuring PCD= one of the key OECD PCD building blocks
•  PCD section in ex-ante impact assessmentsof OECD member countries’ policy proposals•  PCD section in OECD DAC Peer Revi...
General objective: to develop a methodology foridentifying and assessing the impacts of OECDpolicies on food security in i...
ECDPM Page 8OECD policies(domestic, aid,bilateral/international)Developingcountry’s foodsystem(e.g. prices,functioning ofm...
Steps to develop the methodology
2. The literature review
Objectives•  Review of different studies attempting todetermine effect of OECD policies on developingcountries (NGOs, acad...
•  How did we select the studies?1.  Assess impact at individual developing country level(not aggregate).2.  Focus on a cl...
Overview of data collection methods & analytical frameworks!"#$%&$()*+*,-./)*0%-/1)2/3"##3#&$*43#3*,%-5*!"#$%"3#-"36*+*"3#...
1.  Some studies tweak the methodology (e.g.selection of interviewees) to get to the results.2.  Need to define early what...
7.  Developing country policies and characteristics(net food import/export, social policies,governance) deserve to be at c...
3. Initial ideas on the methodology:guiding principles and main steps
•  Stakeholder involvement•  Deductive reasoning•  Disaggregation between social groups•  Triangulation (through use of mi...
1.  Country selection2.  Clarify the ‘baseline’(through internationally accepted quantitative andqualitative indicators of...
4. Questions for discussion
1.  How can the methodology be mosteffective for informing OECD countries’policymaking?2.  What are your views on the key ...
Thank you for yourkind attention.Quentin de Roquefeuil qd@ecdpm.orgJeske van Seters jvs@ecdpm.orgPage 21
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Development of a methodology for country-level assessments of PCD impacts on food security: What, why and how - initial thoughts based on a literature review

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Presentation made by Quentin de Roquefeuil and Jeske van Seters for the Working Group on Agricultural Policies and Markets Meeting, OECD Conference Centre, 23 May 2013

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Development of a methodology for country-level assessments of PCD impacts on food security: What, why and how - initial thoughts based on a literature review

  1. 1. What, why and how – initialthoughts based on a literaturereviewQuentin de Roquefeuil & Jeske van Seters23 May 2013, OECD Conference CentreWorking Group on Agricultural Policies and Markets MeetingDevelopment of amethodology for country-level assessments of PCDimpacts on food security:
  2. 2. 1.  What the methodology is about2.  Key lessons from the literature review3.  Initial ideas on the methodology4.  Questions for discussionStructure of the PresentationECDPM Page 2
  3. 3. 1. What the methodology is about
  4. 4. •  Non-development policies of OECD membercountries (e.g. agriculture, trade,investment, science) can have an impact ondeveloping countries•  2008 OECD Ministerial declaration confirmedcommitment to promote Policy Coherence forDevelopment•  The declaration included the resolution tofurther invest in measuring the effects ofOECD members’ policies on internationaldevelopment objectives.ContextECDPM Page 4
  5. 5. ECDPM Page 5Measuring PCD= one of the key OECD PCD building blocks
  6. 6. •  PCD section in ex-ante impact assessmentsof OECD member countries’ policy proposals•  PCD section in OECD DAC Peer Reviews- assessing PCD commitments, institutionalmechanisms, efforts to improve developmentfinancing beyond aid,…•  Ex-post assessments of OECD policy impactat developing country levelDifferent ways to measure PCDECDPM Page 6
  7. 7. General objective: to develop a methodology foridentifying and assessing the impacts of OECDpolicies on food security in individual developingcountriesSpecific objectives:1.  Help OECD DAC members in pursuing their PCDpolicy objectives through providing evidence forpolicy change domestically and for programmedesign at country level(e.g. more information to address trade-offs between internalgoals & negative externalities on developing countries)2.  Enable partner countries and civil societyadvocate for improved PCD and to address theimpacts of incoherencies.ObjectivesECDPM Page 7
  8. 8. ECDPM Page 8OECD policies(domestic, aid,bilateral/international)Developingcountry’s foodsystem(e.g. prices,functioning ofmarkets)Developingcountry’s foodsecuritysituationInternationalrules andregulationsDevelopingcountry’s policyprioritiesFocus of the assessment
  9. 9. Steps to develop the methodology
  10. 10. 2. The literature review
  11. 11. Objectives•  Review of different studies attempting todetermine effect of OECD policies on developingcountries (NGOs, academia, etc).•  Focus on the methodology used in the studies.•  Assess general robustness of findings.•  See whether we could incorporate some aspectsof their methodology into ours, and draw somegeneral lessons.Page 11ECDPM
  12. 12. •  How did we select the studies?1.  Assess impact at individual developing country level(not aggregate).2.  Focus on a clearly identifiable policy or instrumentemanating from one or several OECD countries (nogeneral concepts, e.g. “neoliberalism”,“protectionism”).3.  Sample should cover wide range of data collectionmethods and analytical approaches (try to get asmany approaches as possible in the sample).Sample selectionECDPM Page 12
  13. 13. Overview of data collection methods & analytical frameworks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
  14. 14. 1.  Some studies tweak the methodology (e.g.selection of interviewees) to get to the results.2.  Need to define early what is it exactly that isbeing impacted on (deconstruct “food security”).3.  Deductive approach works well.4.  Country selection criteria?5.  Need to be clear about the period being coveredby the analysis.6.  We can (and should) combine data collectionmethods (e.g. interviews/quantitative data) andanalytical approaches (e.g. modeling/ valuechain analysis) at different stages in theanalysis/process.What did we learn?ECDPM Page 14
  15. 15. 7.  Developing country policies and characteristics(net food import/export, social policies,governance) deserve to be at centre stagebecause they exert a large influence on impact.8.  Disaggregation between social groups posesdata availability problems.9.  Local stakeholder involvement can go beyondinterviews. But risk of “capture” needs to bemanaged.What did we learn (cont’d)ECDPM Page 15
  16. 16. 3. Initial ideas on the methodology:guiding principles and main steps
  17. 17. •  Stakeholder involvement•  Deductive reasoning•  Disaggregation between social groups•  Triangulation (through use of mix of datacollection methods and analytical approaches)Guiding PrinciplesECDPM Page 17
  18. 18. 1.  Country selection2.  Clarify the ‘baseline’(through internationally accepted quantitative andqualitative indicators of the food security system)3.  Identify OECD policies impacting on the foodsecurity system through desk review4.  In-country testing of hypotheses5.  Dissemination and use of the findingsMain StepsECDPM Page 18
  19. 19. 4. Questions for discussion
  20. 20. 1.  How can the methodology be mosteffective for informing OECD countries’policymaking?2.  What are your views on the key guidingprinciples and steps of the methodology?3.  How do we manage the tradeoff betweenuser-friendliness and depth?4.  How to insure inclusiveness whileavoiding interest group capture?Questions for DiscussionPage 20ECDPM
  21. 21. Thank you for yourkind attention.Quentin de Roquefeuil qd@ecdpm.orgJeske van Seters jvs@ecdpm.orgPage 21

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