Emmanuelle Douge-Oppositional defiant disorder
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IB Psychology Powerpoint

IB Psychology Powerpoint

Emmanuelle Douge

Oppositional Defiant Disorder

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Emmanuelle Douge-Oppositional defiant disorder Emmanuelle Douge-Oppositional defiant disorder Presentation Transcript

  • Oppositional Defiant Disorder
    Emmanuelle Douge
    Mr. Fabrey
    IB Psychology
  • Oppositional Defiant Disorder
    A pattern of negativistic, hostile, and defiant behavior
  • Treatments
    Psychotherapy- an emotionally charged, confiding interaction between a trained therapist and someone who suffers from psychological difficulties
    Group therapy ( with other ODD peers) and
    Family therapy ( parent and child)
    Parents learn behavioral techniques to properly control the child
    Gradual shaping of the child’s behavior using a behavioral monitoring and reward program
  • Symptoms
    defiant behavior lasting at least 6 months, during which four (or more) of the following are present:
    often loses temper
    often argues with adults
    often actively defies or refuses to comply with adults' requests or rules
    often deliberately annoys people
    often blames others for his or her mistakes or misbehavior
    is often touchy or easily annoyed by others
    is often angry and resentful
    is often spiteful or vindictive
  • Prevalence
    usually begins between ages 1-3
    more common in boys than girls before puberty
    equally divided in both males and females after puberty
    affects 20% of school-age children
    behavior typically starts by age 8, but it may start as early as the preschool years
    caused by a combination of biological, psychological, and social factors
    60% of patients with ODD will develop Conduct Disorder (CD)
  • Research Studies
    1.) Testing the efficacy of of atomoxetine in improving ADHD and ODD symptoms in paediatric patients with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD)
    Patients ( 6- 15 years)- unresponsive to 6- week parent training program
    Randomized to atomoxetine or placebo for 8- week double blind experiment
    Results: All 136 subjects ( except for 3, responded negatively ) improved after being given atomexetine
    Dell'Agnello G, Maschietto D (2009)
  • Research Studies
    2.) Characteristics Associated with ODD, CD, ODD + CD
    Aim: Determine if background pattern( psychological, social, and family) of a children with OCD, CD, ODD + Cd are similar
    336 boys and girls ( 6-13 years)
    123 children with ODD, 39 with CD "only", and 174 with ODD + CD
    Results: CD children are characterized by antisocial parents and poor supervision, ODD children are characterized by deficit/hyperactivity symptoms and inconsistent discipline, presentations for ODD and CD characterize kids with ODD + CD
    Lapalme M, Déry M (2008)
  • Importance of Learning About ODD
    Oftentimes, when a child is acting up, it may not be a much more complicated problem like Oppositional Defiant Disorder. The child may have turned the home into a battle ground . It can occur so often that the heavy stress and constant arguments have become a natural way of life.
    Parents with ODD children tend to fuel the child’s satisfaction by returning the heated comments which in turn increases the negative behavior. This method is difficult to avoid and strains the family.
  • Effects on the Family
    Odd children play off parents against each other and creates a wedge between the two
    Parents avoid social events ( parties, holidays) due to the child’s negative behavior
    Parent s become harsher and more rigid in dealing with the child ( parenting skills for other children may not be applicable to those with ODD)
    Siblings ( feel ignored and also begin to act out) and pets ( threatened by violence of ODD child) may be in harm’s way
  • Seeking Help
    Children with ODD find the anger of their parents to be the greatest thrill. They love the intensity and excitement.
    For more information or support, please view the following links:
    1.) http://psychcentral.com/disorders/sx73t.htm
    2.) http://myoutofcontrolteen.com/oddcriteria.html
    3.) http://www.conductdisorders.com/forum/f6/o-d-d-support-groups-8490/