Btec level 2 intro

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  • The Film is Liquid Sky from 1982.
  • Explain why it’s all three shots in one and how would merge the shots together to create extreme long establishing shot or wide establishing shot.What is the shot telling us about the location?
  • Why important to audience? So know where (action) will take place
  • Head and shoulders, enabling you to easily see facial expressions, so you can see what characters are thinking and feeling
  • Head and shoulders, enabling you to easily see facial expressions, so you can see what characters are thinking and feeling
  • Head and shoulders, enabling you to easily see facial expressions, so you can see what characters are thinking and feeling
  • Head and shoulders, enabling you to easily see facial expressions, so you can see what characters are thinking and feeling
  • Connotations of the colour red, icon of man on horseback, music instrumental, gunshot, image of the character/star Clint Eastwood – why him? Star association – Western films. Montage of images of the male characters, hats, canons, soldiers, trains, music gets faster – like a galloping horse, fire, explosions, territory
  • Split into groups and given an area to focus on and take notes while watching the opening.
  • Hitchcock used this angle frequently.
  • to show confusion, disorientation and instability.
  • Split into groups and given an area to focus on and take notes while watching the opening.
  • Btec level 2 intro

    1. 1. Year 12 Welcome to<br />BTEC Level 2 Extended Certificate in Media Studies<br />Miss Eccleston<br /> S111<br />
    2. 2. Learning Objective<br />KEYWORDS<br /><ul><li> CONVENTIONS
    3. 3. GENRE
    4. 4. MISE – EN - SCENE</li></ul>To be able to understand and apply western film conventions to chosen films.<br />During this lesson you will be working at pass grade.<br />
    5. 5. What is Media Studies?<br />We live in a world where the media is very powerful – many people spend a lot of time watching television, reading newspapers/ magazines, and listening to the radio.<br />The media has a huge impact on our lives. The companies that produce Media Products are seen as ‘consciousness‘ industries, they shape our ideas of ourselves and the world around us. <br />Turning on the television can seem like turning on a tap. However it is not just ‘there’, a complex variety of processes goes into making media products with many different choices made to put them together<br />
    6. 6. What is the course worth?<br />The BTEC Level 2 Extended Certificate is equivalent to: 4 units, 1 year = 2 GCSEs<br />Distinction = A; Merit = B; Pass = C<br />
    7. 7. What are the four Year 12 units?<br />Unit 5 <br />Video Production<br />Unit 1<br />Research for Creative Media Production<br />Unit 6<br />Audio Production<br />Unit 2 <br />Communication Techniques for Creative<br />Media Production <br />
    8. 8. Timetables Lessons<br />Every Monday and Thursday period 1 - 3.<br />Room: S111<br />
    9. 9. What do I need.....<br />Buy a notebook – preferably with dividers.<br />A supply of pens – you will not be borrowing ours!!<br />Always bring the unit assignment with you.<br />
    10. 10. What will I learn?<br />Learn how the media industry works<br />Analyse media texts created by others<br />Produce your own media products<br />Experience real life situations in the Media industry by working to professional briefs<br />Develop your production skills <br />
    11. 11. How will the course be assessed?<br />All work is coursework – produced either in lessons or for homework <br />The work for each unit is submitted as an individual portfolio – even if it was a group brief<br /> All units are assessed by the teacher who taught the unit who will give you an initial grade which you can amend by re-drafting<br />All portfolios will then be moderated by the Head of Department and an External Moderator<br />
    12. 12. Which qualities do I need to be successful in this subject?<br />An ability to think and work independently <br />Prepared to participate fully in lessons and contribute to discussions<br />Prepared to put time and effort into written work & developing your skills in this subject<br />Willingness to read widely to broaden your knowledge of the subject<br />To be reliable in meeting deadlines<br />To be responsible and reliable in a work place environment<br />
    13. 13. What can I do at home to help my understanding of the subject?<br />Join your local library & read independently about the subject<br />Buy The Independent or The Guardian on Mondays and read their Media Section<br />Cut out any newspaper/ magazine articles that relate to what is happening in the Media e.g. censorship, violence on television, changing nature of reality shows<br />Join a video shop (preferably an independent one and not Blockbusters!) <br />Think critically about the media that you consume – the front cover of your music magazine, the design of the CD cover you are listening to, the adverts you see on the way to school<br />
    14. 14. 9/13/10<br />12<br />Why Media Studies?<br />Discuss with another student why you chose to take BTEC Media Studies, what sort of things you expect to do during the course and what you hope to gain from it.<br />
    15. 15. 9/13/10<br />13<br />What is the Media?<br />So what is this subject all about?<br />'The media' refers to the different channels we use to communicate information in the everyday world. <br /> 'Media' is the plural of medium (of communication), and the main media are <br />Television<br />Magazines<br />Film<br />Radio<br />Advertising<br />Pop Music<br />Newspapers<br />Internet<br />
    16. 16. Genre <br />Genre is simply another term for<br />Category/type.<br />
    17. 17. Name the film genres<br />
    18. 18. CONVENTION<br />Conventions are habits or long accepted ways of doing things.<br />For example how do we know a Western film is a Western?<br />What do we expect to see in a Western film?<br />
    19. 19. Western Film Conventions<br />
    20. 20. Conventions of film openings<br />What do you expect to see during the opening sequence of a film?<br />
    21. 21. Conventions of film openings<br />
    22. 22. A Western Film Opening <br />Watch the opening sequence of Rawhide<br />Write down the conventions that you can see/hear with relevant examples. Focus on:<br />Narrative (storyline)<br />Characters<br />Icons<br />Setting<br />
    23. 23. Monday 13th September 2010BTEC Level 2 Media Studies<br />Learning Objectives:<br />To be able to understand and explore the concept of mise – scene.<br />To be able to understand the terminology and identify sound and camerawork in films.<br />
    24. 24. Monday 13TH SeptemberBTEC LEVEL 2 MEDIA STUDIESMiss EcclestonLearning Objectives:<br />KEYWORDS<br /><ul><li>MISE – EN – SCENE
    25. 25. DIAGETIC SOUND
    26. 26. NON DIAGETIC SOUND
    27. 27. PARALLEL SOUND
    28. 28. CONTRAPUNTAL SOUND
    29. 29. CAMERA SHOTS/ANGLES</li></ul>To be able to understand and explore the concept of mise – scene.<br />To be able to understand the terminology and identify sound and camerawork in films.<br />You will be working at a pass grade<br />During this lesson you will be working at pass grade.<br />
    30. 30. Definition: Mise En Scene<br />A French term meaning what is put into a scene or frame<br />Visual information in front of the camera<br />Communicates essential information to the audience<br />Made up of 5 elements: Can you guess what they are?<br />
    31. 31. How is Mise-en-Scene used?<br />A good media text is carefully planned and “staged”<br />Mise-en-scene includes the people, location, props, costumes, facial expressions, body language, position in the frame… in fact everything you can see!<br />It can be used to help us understand something more easily or even to sway our opinions…<br />
    32. 32. The 5 Elements of Mise en Scene<br />Each aspect of mise-en-scene has hidden meanings within a film and sends signals to the audience about how we are supposed to feel at a certain point<br />Settings & Props<br />Costume, Hair & Make Up<br />Facial Expressions & Body Language<br />Lighting & Colour<br />Positioning of characters/objects within the frame<br />
    33. 33. 1. Settings & Props<br />Settings & Locations play an important part in film-making and are not just ‘backgrounds’<br />Sets are either built from scratch or a great deal of time is spent to find a setting which already exists<br />TASK: What settings and props you would find in:<br />A Science Fiction Film<br />A Romantic Comedy<br />A Horror Film <br />
    34. 34. 2. Costume, Hair & Make Up<br />Costume, Hair & Make Up act as an instant indicator to us of a character’s personality, status & job<br />It tells us immediately whether the film is set in the present and what society/or culture it will centre around<br />Certain costumes can signify certain individuals (i.e. black cloak of a vampire)<br />
    35. 35. What is suggested by the costume?<br />
    36. 36. What is suggested by the costume?<br />
    37. 37. What is suggested by the costume?<br />
    38. 38. Can you work out what period this film is set in from the costumes/ make up?<br />
    39. 39. 3. Facial Expressions & Body Language<br />Facial Expressions provide a clear indicator of how someone is feeling<br />If someone is smiling broadly, we assume they are happy but we may get a different feeling if this is accompanied by scary music<br />Body Language may also indicate how a character feels towards another character or may reflect the state of their relationship<br />TASK: What meanings/emotions do the following images convey:<br />
    40. 40. IMAGE 1<br />
    41. 41. IMAGE 2<br />
    42. 42. 4. Positioning of Characters & Objects within a frame<br />Positioning within a frame can draw our attention to an important character/object<br />A film-maker can use positioning to indicate relationships between people<br />TASK: What does the positioning in the following images reveal about the characters/film:<br />
    43. 43. IMAGE 1<br />
    44. 44. IMAGE 2<br />
    45. 45. IMAGE 3<br />
    46. 46. IMAGE 4<br />
    47. 47. 5. Colour<br />Colour carries certain connotations which may add meaning to a scene (i.e. Red = Danger/Passion)<br />Can give a scene a particular look, feel or mood<br />Can be used for dramatic effect<br />
    48. 48. Types of Lighting<br />LOW KEY LIGHTING:<br />Created by using only the key & back lights<br />Produces sharp contrasts of light and dark areas<br />Deep, distinct shadows/silhouettes are formed<br />Example: Horror Films<br />
    49. 49. Types of Lighting<br />HIGH KEY LIGHTING:<br />More filler lights are used. Lighting is natural and realistic to our eyes<br />Produces brightly lit sets or a sunny day (right)<br />Example: Rom-Coms<br />
    50. 50. NATURAL LIGHTING<br />Natural light that comes from sunlight or moonlight and is not enhanced via technical equipment.<br />
    51. 51. Sound<br />Diegetic sound  <br />Sound whose source is visible on the screen or whose source is implied to be present by the action of the film:  <br />Voices of characters  <br />Sounds made by objects in the story  <br />Music represented as coming from instruments in the story space ( = source music) <br />Bridget Jones<br />   <br />
    52. 52. Sound<br />Non-diegetic sound  <br />Sound whose source is neither visible on the screen nor has been implied to be present in the action:  <br />Narrator's commentary <br />Sound effects which is added for the dramatic effect <br />Mood music <br />Non-diegeticsound is represented as coming from a source outside story space. <br />Smallville<br />
    53. 53. Sound<br />Parallel (synchronous) sound. <br />Sound 'caused' by some event on screen, and<br />which matches the action.<br />Psycho<br />
    54. 54. Sound<br />Contrapuntal sound.<br />Contrapuntal means ‘at a counter point to.’<br />Sound which does not match the action we see on screen.<br />The Shining<br />
    55. 55. Shot Size<br />There are eight main shot sizes.<br />The definition of shot size depends on just what is the subject of the shot.<br />Most definitions work on a human scale.<br />They define they size of the shot according to how much of the human body can be fitted into the frame.<br />
    56. 56. 1. EXTREME LONG SHOT (ELS) <br /><ul><li> Shows a wide view of the complete setting.
    57. 57. The subject is hardly visible.
    58. 58. Usually a shot at the beginning of the scene to identify where the action takes place e.g. the exterior of a high-rise building on a rainy night.</li></li></ul><li>
    59. 59. 2. Long (Establishing) Shot (LS)<br /><ul><li> Closer than ELS still shows the complete scene.
    60. 60. The human figure is clearly visible and the complete person fits in the frame.
    61. 61. Used as establishing shot to present the whole scene often at the start of a film.</li></li></ul><li>
    62. 62. 3. Medium Long Shot (MLS)<br />Information about the setting.<br />Audience has a good view of characters, body language and how they are positioned in relation to each other.<br />
    63. 63. 4. Medium Shot (MS)<br />The shot starts at around the waist and includes a little space above the head.<br />Gesture, expression and details of physical appearance are now more clearly visible.<br />
    64. 64. 5. Medium Close Up (MCU)<br />The head and shoulders fit comfortably in the frame.<br />It is used for conversations between characters.<br />
    65. 65. 6. Close Up (CU) <br />Shows the detail of a subject.<br />A typical close up shows just the face of a person.<br />It also shows the personality or emotion of a character.<br />
    66. 66.
    67. 67. 7. Big Close Up (BCU)<br />This is a head shot only.<br />It draws attention to an important emotional response.<br />They are used for extremes of emotion or prop details.<br />
    68. 68.
    69. 69. 8. Extreme Close Up (ECU)<br />Shows only a portion of detail or magnifies something that is minute.<br />Often used to create a sense of mystery of tension.<br />
    70. 70. Know your film terms….<br /> Take a look at the following screens. <br />What are the names of the camera shots you can see?<br />
    71. 71. This is a long shot<br />
    72. 72. This is a juicy close up.<br />
    73. 73. This is a medium shot.<br />
    74. 74. This is an extreme long shot.<br />
    75. 75. This is a medium close up shot.<br />
    76. 76. Group Work<br />Now watch the opening sequence of ‘The Good, the Bad and the Ugly.’<br />A Fistful Of Dollars<br />
    77. 77. Now watch the opening sequence of ‘Once upon A Time In Mexico.’<br />Setting and Props<br />Costume, Hair and Make Up<br />Facial Expressions and Body Language<br />Positioning of characters and objects within frame<br />Colour/Lighting/Sound<br />Camerawork<br />Remember – denotations and connotations!<br />
    78. 78. AUDIENCE POSITONING<br /><ul><li>Audiences enjoy films when they are most INVOLVED with them
    79. 79. When you analyse a film for Media Studies, you have to look at the techniques the director uses in order to ‘sew’ the audience into it
    80. 80. When you are REALLY and TRULY hooked into the film’s story, it is as if you actually have your own position inside it.</li></li></ul><li>TECHNIQUES #1<br />POINT-OF-VIEW SHOTS<br />The camera adopts the position of a character within the film.<br />This can be ‘over-the-shoulder’, looking at whatever the character is looking at, or a shot from the point-of-view of the character.<br />
    81. 81. WHY IS THIS USEFUL?<br />Because it puts the viewer in the position of the character – in their shoes – and when they experience strong emotions the viewer is more likely to feel it when taking that person’s point of view<br />
    82. 82. TECHNIQUES #2<br />REACTION SHOTS<br />The camera moves to an extreme close up of a character’s face to show their REACTION to something that has happened<br />
    83. 83. The FIVE basic camera angles<br />
    84. 84. The camera is positioned high (above head height usually).<br />Shot is angled downwards on the subject.<br />What effect does this create?<br />1. High Angle Shot<br />
    85. 85. 1. High Angle Shot<br />
    86. 86. The camera is positioned at a low angle.<br />The shot is angled upwards on the subject.<br />What effect does this create?<br />2. Low Angle Shot<br />
    87. 87. The camera is positioned at a low angle.<br />The shot is angled upwards on the subject.<br />What effect does this create?<br />2. Low Angle Shot<br />
    88. 88. 2. Low Angle Shot<br />
    89. 89. 3. Bird’s Eye View<br />A very unnatural and strange angle that is shot from above looking down.  <br />This angle puts the audience in a god-like position looking down at the action as if it were an ant pile. <br />
    90. 90. 3. Bird’s Eye View<br />
    91. 91. 4. Eye Level<br />The most common and neutral of angles. <br />The camera is positioned as though it is a human actually observing a scene. <br />
    92. 92. 4. Eye Level<br />
    93. 93. 5. Canted Angle<br />Usually shows a characters point of view. <br />The camera is tilted and off balance.<br />
    94. 94. 5. Canted Angle<br />
    95. 95. Homework due Thursday 16th September<br />Choose 4 Western film openings that you will refer to and make notes for Task 1a.<br />Keep a record of the names of the films and the web address of the opening sequences.<br />Choose one of your films and write notes on mise – en- scene as completed in class.<br />
    96. 96.
    97. 97. In Paragraphs with the following headings<br />Name of film<br />Setting and Props<br />Costume, Hair and Make Up<br />Facial Expressions and Body Language<br />Positioning of characters and objects within frame<br />Colour/Lighting/Sound<br />Camerawork<br />Remember – denotations and connotations!<br />
    98. 98. If time, quiz at the end? Or maybe starter for next lesson.<br />Start homework - Research their own 4 western film openings<br />

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