Lumen Fidei: Reflections
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Lumen Fidei Reflections

Lumen Fidei Reflections

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  • 1. 1 John 1:1 What was from the beginning, what we have heard, what we have seen with our eyes, what we have looked at and touched with our hands, concerning the Word of Life.
  • 2. LUMEN FIDEI, POPE FRANCIS. 1. THE AUTHOR(S) OF THE ENCYCLICAL: BENEDICT AND FRANCIS 2. THE CONTEXT OF THE ENCYCLICAL 3. THE TRAJECTORY OF THE ENCYCLICAL 4. THE “BIG IDEAS” OF THE ENCYCLICAL 5. IMPLICATIONS OF THE ENCYCLICAL TO CATECHETICAL MINISTRY
  • 3. THE AUTHOUR(S) OF THE ENCYCLICAL, LUMEN FIDEI
  • 4. Pope Benedict XVI Joseph Aloisius Ratzinger ▪ Born: 16 April 1927; Age: 86 ▪ Entered the Seminary – 1939 ▪ Ordained – 1951 ▪ At the Second Vatican Council (1962-65), Ratzinger served chief theologian expert to Cardinal Joseph Frings of Cologne, Germany. ▪ Elected Pope: 19 April 2005 ▪ Resigned: 28 February 2013 Marktl am Inn, Bavaria Germany
  • 5. Pope Francis Jorge Mario Bergoglio ▪Archbishop of Buenos Aires ▪Born December 17, 1936. Age 76. Entered the Society of Jesus – March 11, 1958 (novitiate). Chemical technician. Jesuit Provincial July 31, 1973.
  • 6. 10 Things Pope Benedict Wants you to know JOHN L. ALLEN, JR.JOHN L. ALLEN, JR.
  • 7. 1. God is Love
  • 8. 2. Jesus is Lord
  • 9. 3. Truth and Freedom are Two Sides of the Same Coin
  • 10. 4. Faith and4. Faith and Reason Need OneReason Need One AnotherAnother
  • 11. 5. The Eucharist is the5. The Eucharist is the Heart of the ChristianHeart of the Christian LifeLife
  • 12. 6.6. ChristianityChristianity is a Positiveis a Positive MessageMessage
  • 13. 7. The Church forms Consciences but Stays out of Politics
  • 14. 8. The Importanc e of Catholic Identity
  • 15. 9. Christ and the9. Christ and the Church areChurch are InseparableInseparable
  • 16. 10. The10. The Virtue ofVirtue of PatiencePatience
  • 17. 10 Things10 Things Pope FrancisPope Francis Wants You to KnowWants You to Know JOHN L. ALLEN, JR.JOHN L. ALLEN, JR.
  • 18. ““A Poor Church forA Poor Church for the Poor”the Poor” A Poor Church for the PoorA Poor Church for the Poor ““How I would like a poor Church for poor!”How I would like a poor Church for poor!”
  • 19. A Poor Church for the PoorA Poor Church for the Poor
  • 20. HumilityHumility (humilitas)(humilitas) ““It is Christ who leads the Church through his Spirit!”It is Christ who leads the Church through his Spirit!”
  • 21. HumilityHumility (humilitas)(humilitas) Three qualities for the Church ofThree qualities for the Church of the 21the 21stst century:century: 1. Humility1. Humility 2. Simplicity2. Simplicity 3. Greater capacity for silence3. Greater capacity for silence
  • 22. Stay Close to the PeopleStay Close to the People ““To evangelize means meeting people, where they are…”To evangelize means meeting people, where they are…”
  • 23. Stay Close to the PeopleStay Close to the People To evangelize means meetingTo evangelize means meeting people where they are, being able topeople where they are, being able to connect with their doubts and theirconnect with their doubts and their frustrations, understanding whatfrustrations, understanding what they bring to the table.they bring to the table.
  • 24. Never Give Up On God’s MercyNever Give Up On God’s Mercy ““Miserando atque eligendo”Miserando atque eligendo” (“Seeing through the eyes of mercy, he chose him.”)(“Seeing through the eyes of mercy, he chose him.”)
  • 25. Never Give Up On God’s MercyNever Give Up On God’s Mercy “The Lord never gets tired of forgiving. “Never,” Francis said. We are the ones who get tired of asking him for forgiveness.”
  • 26. We’re All Franciscans NowWe’re All Franciscans Now St. Francis of AssisiSt. Francis of Assisi
  • 27. We’re All Franciscans NowWe’re All Franciscans Now When they think about “the Church,” Catholics typically see two faces. There’s the face of the institution, which is about infrastructure and resources, rules and regulations, and a hierarchical chain of command.
  • 28. We’re All Franciscans NowWe’re All Franciscans Now …Then there’s the Church of the spirit, a humble and simple community of equals with a special love for the least of this world. Ideally the two go together, but in any case they’re distinct.
  • 29. We’re All Franciscans NowWe’re All Franciscans Now By taking the name “Francis,” the pope has essentially said that the second face of the Church must shine through in a new way. In other words, Francis has offered a whole program of governance, an entire ecclesiastical vision, in a single word.”
  • 30. The Faith Must be Proposed,The Faith Must be Proposed, Never ImposedNever Imposed ““The faith must always be proposed, but it must be never be imposed”The faith must always be proposed, but it must be never be imposed” ““I told you that I would give youI told you that I would give you my blessing from my heart. Sincemy blessing from my heart. Since many of you don’t belong to themany of you don’t belong to the Catholic Church, and others [ofCatholic Church, and others [of you] are nonbelievers, I impartyou] are nonbelievers, I impart this blessing from my heart inthis blessing from my heart in silence, to each of you, respectingsilence, to each of you, respecting the conscience of every one, butthe conscience of every one, but knowing that each of you is aknowing that each of you is a child of God.child of God. May God bless you.”May God bless you.”
  • 31. The Faith Must be Proposed,The Faith Must be Proposed, Never ImposedNever Imposed “We have to avoid the spiritual sickness of a self-referential church,” he said in a 2012 interview. “When you get out into the street, as happens to every man and woman, there can be accidents.”
  • 32. The Faith Must be Proposed,The Faith Must be Proposed, Never ImposedNever Imposed …However, if the Church remains closed in on itself, self-referential, it gets old. Between a Church that suffers accidents in the street and a Church that’s sick because it’s self-referential, I have no doubts about preferring the former.”
  • 33. The Faith Must be Proposed,The Faith Must be Proposed, Never ImposedNever Imposed One has the sense that this will be a pope relentless about proposing the faith to the world, but deeply respectful of those who chose not to take him up on the offer.
  • 34. We’re Not an NGOWe’re Not an NGO ““If we do not profess Jesus Christ, things go wrong.”If we do not profess Jesus Christ, things go wrong.”
  • 35. We’re Not an NGOWe’re Not an NGO In an homily during a March 14 Mass with the cardinals who elected him, Francis pointedly said that “if we do not profess Jesus Christ, things go wrong.”
  • 36. We’re Not an NGOWe’re Not an NGO We may become a charitable NGO (nongovernmental organization),” he said, “but not the Church, the Bride of the Lord.”
  • 37. Never Give in to PessimismNever Give in to Pessimism ““the fruit of hope is,the fruit of hope is, apostolic courageapostolic courage, meaning the willingness to transmit the, meaning the willingness to transmit the Gospel everywhere and always.”Gospel everywhere and always.”
  • 38. Never Give in to PessimismNever Give in to Pessimism “Let us never yield to pessimism…let us not yield to pessimism or discouragement,” he said.
  • 39. Never Give in to PessimismNever Give in to Pessimism “Let us be quite certain that the Holy Spirit bestow upon the Church, with his powerful breath, the courage to persevere and also to seek new methods of evangelization, so as to bring the gospel to the uttermost ends of the earth.”
  • 40. Have a Sense of HumorHave a Sense of Humor ““Let us pass on this wisdom to the young…”Let us pass on this wisdom to the young…”
  • 41. Have a Sense of HumorHave a Sense of Humor In other words, Francis wants to be an evangelizing pope, someone who can reach out beyond the confines of the already convinced and represent Christianity to the wider world.
  • 42. Have a Sense of HumorHave a Sense of Humor He knows that doing that with a smile rather than a frown is likely to be a more winning missionary strategy, and he’s comfortable enough in his own skin to break the formal mode of the papacy and come off the cuff with some humor.
  • 43. The Importance of UnityThe Importance of Unity ““In order to dialogue, it is necessary to know how to lower theIn order to dialogue, it is necessary to know how to lower the defenses, open the doors of the house, and offer human warmth.”defenses, open the doors of the house, and offer human warmth.”
  • 44. The Holy Spirit is also the one “who creates unity from these differences, not in ‘equality,’ but in harmony. I remember the Father of the Church who described him thus: Ipse harmonia est. The Importance of UnityThe Importance of Unity
  • 45. The Paraclete, who gives different charisms to each of us, unites us in this community of the Church, which worships the Father, the Son, and him, the Holy Spirit.” The Importance of UnityThe Importance of Unity
  • 46. Those words suggest that Francis is likely to be a pope who stresses the value of unity, trying to push Catholics beyond their internal differences as well as toward greater cooperation with other Christian denominations. The Importance of UnityThe Importance of Unity
  • 47. Article 7. these considerations on faith – in continuity with all that the church’s magisterium has pronounced on this theological virtue are meant to supplement what Benedict XVI had written in his encyclical letters on charity and hope.
  • 48. his fine work and added a few contributions of my own….. He himself had almost completed a first draft of an encyclical on faith. For this I am deeply grateful to him and as his brother in Christ I have taken up
  • 49. CONTEXT OF THE ENCYCLICAL
  • 50. WHAT IS SECULARISM?WHAT IS SECULARISM? "Secular""Secular" today stands intoday stands in opposition toopposition to "religious"."religious".
  • 51. According to this usage, something is secular when it can be categorized with the worldly, civil, non- religious sphere of human life.
  • 52. According to this usage, something is secular when it is not worshipped, when it is not venerated, and when it is open for critique, judgment, and replacement.
  • 53. In English, the term “secularism” was coined by George Jacob Holyoake in 1841.
  • 54. Three essential principles (1) The improvement of this life by material means.
  • 55. Three essential principles (2) That science is the available Providence of man.
  • 56. Three essential principles (3) That it is good to do good. Whether there be other good or not, the good of the present life is good, and it is good to seek that good.”
  • 57. Characteristics of Secularism: 1. It can indicate the autonomy of earthly realities and the separation between the Kingdom of God and the kingdom of Caesar.
  • 58. Characteristics of Secularism: 2. Secularism supports the individual against the pressure of the group and the individual conscience against the dogma of the group. In this sense it promotes individualism.
  • 59. Characteristics of Secularism: 3. According to Virgilius Ferm in his Encyclopedia of Religion secularism is “a variety of utilitarian social ethic which seeks human improvement without reference to religion and exclusively by means of human reason, science and social organization.
  • 60. Characteristics of Secularism: …It has developed into a positive and widely adopted outlook which aims to direct all activities and institutions by a non-religious concern for the goods of the present life and for social well- being.”
  • 61. Characteristics of Secularism: …Secularism brings in its train relativism. Nothing is absolute. No truth or morality is valid for all and for all time.
  • 62. Characteristics of Secularism: 4. It is a morality that is based on rational considerations regarding human well-being in this world, to the exclusion of considerations relating to God or the afterlife.
  • 63. Characteristics of Secularism: 5. Indifference to religion is presupposed. Religion is not seen necessary or even useful.
  • 64. Secularism brings along with it individualism, relativism, materialism and agnosticism.
  • 65. Fundamentalism as found in all religious persuasion is characterized by: 1. Extreme conservatism in doctrine, deriving from literalist interpretations of their holy books or/and sacred customs.
  • 66. Fundamentalism as found in all religious persuasion is characterized by: 2. Intolerance of others, both co-religionists not belonging to their group and much more of other religions.
  • 67. Fundamentalism as found in all religious persuasion is characterized by: 3. Inability to see any good from others outside of their group, therefore very inward looking.
  • 68. Fundamentalism as found in all religious persuasion is characterized by: 4. There is no openness to dialogue and working together.
  • 69. Fundamentalism as found in all religious persuasion is characterized by: 5. There is great effort to proselytize.
  • 70. We can view the rise ofWe can view the rise of fundamentalism as afundamentalism as a reaction of groups who arereaction of groups who are threatened by the rapidthreatened by the rapid changes happening aroundchanges happening around them. It is the refusal tothem. It is the refusal to understand and adjust tounderstand and adjust to new reality.new reality.
  • 71. TRAJECTORY OF THE ENCYCLICAL The first encyclical sets the tone of the papacy.
  • 72. Lumen Fidei is to be understood in the church’s mission of the new evangelization. New evangelization started with John XXIII and the Second Vatican Council – “aggiornamento”
  • 73. Lumen Fidei is part of theLumen Fidei is part of the renewal brought about by therenewal brought about by the papacy of Benedict. 50papacy of Benedict. 50thth anniversary of Vatican II.anniversary of Vatican II.
  • 74. Benedict XVI underlinesBenedict XVI underlines the renewal of Vatican IIthe renewal of Vatican II –– Deus Caritas EstDeus Caritas Est,, Spe SalviSpe Salvi and nowand now Lumen FideiLumen Fidei. Two. Two documents weredocuments were produced:produced: SacramentumSacramentum CaritatisCaritatis andand VerbumVerbum Domini.Domini. And a socialAnd a social encyclical –encyclical – Caritas inCaritas in VeritateVeritate..
  • 75. The first chapterfirst chapter (Salvation History)(Salvation History) takes the reader on a whirlwind tour of the Old and New Testaments, from Abraham, who first hears God’s call, through the Israelites traveling towards the light of the Promised Land, to Jesus’ death on the Cross, the ultimate act of God’s love for humanity. BIG IDEAS OF THE ENCYCLICAL
  • 76. ▪Abraham's Faith ▪Israel's Faith ▪The Fullness of Christian Faith ▪Salvation of Faith ▪The Ecclesial of Faith
  • 77. Chapter twoChapter two (Faith & Truth)(Faith & Truth) insists on the link betweeninsists on the link between Faith and Truth, without loveFaith and Truth, without love in our hearts, truth becomesin our hearts, truth becomes cold, impersonal, oppressive,cold, impersonal, oppressive, unable to transform the livesunable to transform the lives of other.of other. BIG IDEAS OF THE ENCYCLICAL
  • 78. But by listening, seeing andBut by listening, seeing and believing in Christ’s presencebelieving in Christ’s presence in our lives today, we canin our lives today, we can broaden our horizons and findbroaden our horizons and find better ways of serving thebetter ways of serving the common good.common good. BIG IDEAS OF THE ENCYCLICAL
  • 79. ▪Faith and Truth ▪Knowledge of the Truth and Love ▪Faith as Hearing and Sight ▪The Dialogue between Faith and Reason ▪Faith and the Search for God ▪Faith and Theology
  • 80. TheThe third chapterthird chapter (Church)(Church) of the encyclical centersof the encyclical centers on the Church as the place where the lighton the Church as the place where the light of faith is safeguarded and transmittedof faith is safeguarded and transmitted from one generation to the next.from one generation to the next. BIG IDEAS OF THE ENCYCLICAL I delivered to you what I also received (1 Cor 15:3).
  • 81. TheThe final chapterfinal chapter focuses onfocuses on Faith and the commonFaith and the common goodgood and shows how the lightand shows how the light of faith can promote peace andof faith can promote peace and reconciliation, and teach respectreconciliation, and teach respect for God’s creation.for God’s creation. BIG IDEAS OF THE ENCYCLICAL
  • 82. # 55 Faith by revealing the love of God the Creator, enables us to respect nature all the more, and to discern in it a gram­mar written by the hand of God and a dwelling place entrusted to our protection and care.
  • 83. Suffering reminds us that faith’s service to the common good is always one of hope
  • 84. IMPLICATIONS OF THE ENCYCLICAL i.i. (Fides Quae)(Fides Quae) Faith isFaith is knowing the truthknowing the truth (Chapter2)(Chapter2) “Faith without truth does not“Faith without truth does not grow”grow”
  • 85. Meaning: -A catechist must have a personal relationship with God - “Contemplation and Action well united” - Great devotion to the Blessed Sacrament (Holy Hour) - Love of the Eucharistic Celebration -Must be close to the people - Bearers of joy
  • 86. A Catechist must be solidly grounded on the truths of our faith, in touch with the teachings of the magisterium and faithful to the Church and our God.
  • 87. Meaning: -Mastery of Content -Know the Sources of the Faith ­ must not get weary of On Going Formation (updating)
  • 88. A Catechist is one who has a good memory. It’s not that one must have a great mind and photographic memory. We mean here, is someone who has a sense of gratitude, a grateful heart. Someone who never forgets what the Lord has done and is continuously doing in his life.
  • 89. A Catechist believes with the heart. This blending of faith and love we come to see the kind of knowledge which faith entails, its power to convince and its ability to illumine our steps. Faith knows because it is tied to love, because love itself brings enlightenment. (Art. 26)
  • 90. Meaning: -Love is a verb not a noun - Faith is a gift that we need to share - Faith is performative not informative - witnessing: “simple living”
  • 91. As a Catechist, s/he is called to be faithful to the one who called him and see in all God's presence. Someone who is very much in love with the Lord and radiates and illumines this love experience to others.
  • 92. Meaning: -Fidelity to God -Fidelity to the Human Person and Creation - Fidelity to the Church “Fidelity to the Gospel… Fidelity to Christ.”
  • 93. IMPLICATIONS OF THE ENCYCLICAL ii.ii. (Confessio et caritas)(Confessio et caritas) Faith is personal andFaith is personal and LovingLoving (# 20)(# 20)
  • 94. A Catechist is one who has a personal relationship with the Lord, leading others to the encounter of this loving God.
  • 95. A Catechist realizes that s/he is nothing without God and that everything that s/he has and is comes from God our Father.
  • 96. Meaning: - Catechist must be humble, simple, and has a greater capacity for silence…
  • 97. A Catechist believes that God is a living God making himself available for all and that each one is being called by him to a relationship.
  • 98. A Catechist realizes that he is nothing without God and that everything that s/he has and is comes from God our Father.
  • 99. A Catechist is one who journeys with people entrusted to him/her is willing to sacrifice and give time to lead others to God.
  • 100. A Catechist is mindful of God’s manifestation at all times
  • 101. IMPLICATIONS OF THE ENCYCLICAL iii.iii. Faith is CommunalFaith is Communal (Chapter 1 #22)(Chapter 1 #22)
  • 102. A catechist is called to be a man or woman of the church. His/her love for the church is “unquestioned”. He/she brings people to an understanding and appreciation of the church – universal, local, diocesan and even parish.
  • 103. Meaning: -Faithful to the teachings of the Church… (for we are the “echoes of Christ”) - would not engage or involve oneself to gossips and intrigues destroying the Church
  • 104. Church involvement is a most important program of the catechetical office. As an active member of the diocese and the parish, he promotes the programs and activities of the parish among the faith communities.
  • 105. IMPLICATIONS OF THE ENCYCLICAL iv.iv. Faith is developmentalFaith is developmental
  • 106. Meaning: A Catechist grows in faith – matures in faith. Faith is a gift to be nurtured.. “Catechist for Life” - “Katekistas Oradores” iv.iv. Faith is developmentalFaith is developmental
  • 107. A catechist is able to create developmentally appropriate programs for children and young people. A good articulation of the
  • 108. religious education/catechetical program with the campus ministry can weave a “seamless garment” of Christian formation in the school.
  • 109. Big Challenge: Catechists should come together and review the K – 10 Catechetical Program with a view to: a. articulate Grs. 11 – 12 and and Tertiary level RelEd/Theology
  • 110. Big Challenge: Catechists should come together and review the K – 10 Catechetical Program with a view to: b. integration of programs and structures of catechetical instruction, campus ministry and extension program/pastoral program in a Catholic school
  • 111. Orthodoxy Orthopraxis Scripture/Tradition Human Experience Ideological Activism (No prayer) WORSHIP (Sacraments) [Ritualism] MORALS [Activism] DOCTRINE [Dogmatism] Idealistic Activism (No doctrinal base)Pious Dogm atism (No Praxis) DIAGRAM OF CATHOLIC FAITH (NCDP 200) Catechesis/ Religious Education Pastoral Ministry/Exten sion Ministry Campus Ministry
  • 112. IMPLICATIONS OF THE ENCYCLICAL v.v. Faith is MissionaryFaith is Missionary (reaches out to others)(reaches out to others) (Chapter 3)(Chapter 3)
  • 113. A catechist is aware that missio “ad gentes, ad extra, ad vitam” is the church’s pastoral priority. He/she helps create a “sense of mission” through involvement in the Pontifical Mission Societies.
  • 114. October is highlighted as “Mission Month” – the school is called to awareness and assistance of foreign missions, especially in Asia and Africa.
  • 115. IMPLICATIONS OF THE ENCYCLICAL vi.vi. Faith is InculturationFaith is Inculturation ((Chapter 4)Chapter 4)
  • 116. A catechist is called to help “de – privatize” the faith. That faith has social and cultural implications is a concern of the catechetical ministry. Conscious of Catholic Social Teachings, a catechist works in coordination with the social services and social development office of the diocese and works in the BECs/MSK
  • 117. Meaning: - Is Involved in the concerns of society -Able to articulate the “burning issues” of the day and integrate them in catechesis -Knows how to integrate faith and culture: “faith shapes culture”