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Transformative Uses of the iPad
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Transformative Uses of the iPad


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Keynote address for Castilleja Click! conference

Keynote address for Castilleja Click! conference

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  • Two objectives: (1) highlight ways in which the iPad can foster the evolution of Education, and (2) discuss why transformation lies in us, not technology
  • 4th generation San Franciscan; my family has been in Alta California since the 1780s.
    private school education until SFSU, MA and credential from USF
    Taught at CPS & Convent of the Sacred Heart for 2-years; just finished 16th year at SI
    Have taught public speaking, ancient world history, and AP Psychology. Have coached Forensics and Track. Was Social Science department chair, and am heading into my 7th and final year as EdTech
  • 158-years (316 semesters) * 17,000 alumni = inertia
    Those alumni love the 466-year tradition of a classical education — and yet demand a modern education capable of succeeding throughout the 21st century.
    In our 5-years of teaching & learning with iPads, we’ve learned a few lessons; one of them is…
  • William of Ockham, 14th century Franciscan philosopher, most famous for developing Occam’s Razor.

    As an aside…
  • Those are all “unitaskers” — they’re good for one thing and one thing only.
    I mention this because…
  • 1-year and 17-days been the two WWDC Keynotes: 382 days, and 350,000 new apps.
  • GREAT for reading a textbook, but not so hot at doing a ton of online research.
    They’re perfectly fine for typing out a paragraph or two, but not so hot for that 10-page research paper.
  • Good for hand-written notes
  • Better than a laptop for note-taking — precisely because you can type notes faster than you can hand-write them
  • GREAT for digital arts
    Procreate app
    200 hours
    285,000 finger-strokes
  • it’s always helpful to remember…
  • Best: both a laptop and an iPad available
  • Our first love…
  • You all know and appreciate its advantages
  • and we all know and despair over its disadvantages
  • Between these three components, Apple seems to be addressing our concerns while preserving what we have & like with Dropbox
  • $0.99/month for 20 GB — or $1.99/month for 100 GB
    Workflow between devices is the Holy Grail.

    Workflow between teacher and student does have current solutions
  • Networked software application for the organization and distribution of digital instructional materials.

    NOT just a course website
  • There are dozens. All of them allow teachers to organize & post files, links, dated assignments, host threaded asynchronous conversations via forums, and digitally collected student work.
    “in case of extended school closure…”
  • … as an aside, do you remember…
  • checking notebooks?
  • Google Drive to review student notebooks
  • Textbook authoring — Christina Gwin, 6th grade English at Casti
    You probably know MyScript Calculator and Wolfram|Alpha
  • Standard form parabola; Calculus, tangent line
    Evidence supports helping students “experience” Calculus
  • Evolutionary… not revolutionary
  • Our experiences with Twitter have helped clarify an important guiding question for curriculum design…
  • Live-tweeting the State of the Union
  • “In 3-minutes or less, explain neural communication”
    Posted to student’s blog for peer review
  • To whit…
  • Distraction from lecture and class discussion
  • not our willingness to adapt to the iPad but to a changing world.
    We just graduated 155th class of seniors, have 159 years of inertia. Tuition is expensive for some families — they have choices and they get to choose… have to stay viable into 22nd century
  • here in Silicon Valley, there’s a culture of failure…
  • there’s a whole best-seller on the topic
  • … but this next one is my favorite…
  • We are more comfortable applying this to students than ourselves
  • To whit…
  • To whit…
  • Transcript

    • 1. Transformative uses of iPads by Eric E Castro @eecastro
    • 2. AGENDA Introduction Differentiating iPads and laptops Workflow between devices Use cases What’s next?
    • 3. My background
    • 4. SI’s background
    • 5. SI’s background • Found in 1855 • Co-ed high school • 1,455 students on 9 acres • $19,800/ year • 10 years of laptop carts • 3 years of iPad carts • 2 years of 1:1 iPads
    • 6. All things being equal, the simplest explanation tends to be the right one.
    • 7. 500 apps in 2008 850,000 May 16, 2013 June 2, 2014
    • 8. All things being equal, the simplest explanation tends to be the right one.
    • 9. Differentiating iPads and laptops
    • 10. Strengths?Weaknesses?
    • 11. iPad Laptop Researching Reading Typing Writing Drawing Recording Editing movies ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓
    • 12. “Taking notes on laptops rather than in longhand is increasingly common. Many researchers have suggested that laptop note taking is less effective than longhand note taking for learning. Prior studies have primarily focused on students’ capacity for multitasking and distraction when using laptops. The present research suggests that even when laptops are used solely to take notes, they may still be impairing learning because their use results in shallower processing. In three studies, we found that students who took notes on laptops performed worse on conceptual questions than students who took notes longhand. We show that whereas taking more notes can be beneficial, laptop note takers’ tendency to transcribe lectures verbatim rather than processing information and reframing it in their own words is detrimental to learning.”
    • 13. Kyle Lambert, using the iPad and
    • 14. iPad weaknesses • multitasking • extended typing • data siloing
    • 15. Workflow between devices
    • 16. • Easy, background synchronization • Easy file-sharing • Cross-platform • Widely-supported by app developers
    • 17. • Free plan limited to 2 GB • No iWork support • Adds another file-storage location • Sometimes slow
    • 18. iCloud Drive ContinuityAirDrop
    • 19. iCloud Drive ContinuityAirDrop • One storage location • Sufficient size, reasonably priced • Can force sync • Not wifi-dependent • 3rd-party developer support • Not cross-platform
    • 20. Learning Management System (LMS)
    • 21. student view
    • 22. teacher view
    • 23. 66%
    • 24. Use cases
    • 25. Substitutions Substitutions you’ve seen?
    • 26. Substitutions • Textbook consumption • Note-taking • Calculations • Report-writing
    • 27. Substitutions • Textbook consumption • Note-taking • Calculations • Report-writing
    • 28. University of British Columbia. "Interactive teaching methods help students master tricky calculus." ScienceDaily. ScienceD “The key to helping students learn complicated math is to unde
    • 29. Substitutions • Textbook consumption • Note-taking • Calculations • Report-writing
    • 30. Transformations Transformations you’ve seen?
    • 31. Transformative • Blogging • Twitter • Still photos • Video • Textbook authoring • Universal access
    • 32. Blogger Yahoo! Pipes Feedly
    • 33. Twitter with #hashtags
    • 34. Live-tweeting the State of the Union Address
    • 35. “Why are we all in the same space at the same time?”
    • 36. Screencasting as window to metacognition
    • 37. Transformation is not about the iPad — or any piece of technology
    • 38. or some important learning tasks, but more important is
    • 39. “So what should we say when children complete a task – say, math problems – quickly and perfectly? Should we deny them the praise they have earned? Yes. When this happens, I say, “Whoops. I guess that was too easy. I apologize for wasting your time. Let’s do something you can really learn from!”
    • 40. Transformation is not about the iPad — or any piece of technology
    • 41. So, what’s next?
    • 42. Self-driving cars
    • 43. Store with no physical items on shelves
    • 44. Military exoskeleton
    • 45. Flexible glass
    • 46. Sensitive prosthetic
    • 47. Bionic eye
    • 48. 3D-printed casts
    • 49. 5-years from now… what will be obsolete?
    • 50. 10-years from now… what will be obsolete?
    • 51. Competency-based Education: degrees based on what you can do, not how long you went Capella University
    • 52. “The Online High School is a fully accredited, diploma granting, online independent school situated at Stanford University. Serving grades 7-12, the OHS prepares students from around the world for success both in life and in their future intellectual pursuits.” ore high schools become the independent bookstores to online h
    • 53. Transformation is not about the iPad — or any piece of technology