Therapy Unit slides

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  • Therapy Unit slides

    1. 1. Therapy
    2. 2. Preview • Psychological Therapies • Evaluating Psychotherapies • Biomedical Therapies • Preventing Psychological Disorders
    3. 3. Psychological Therapies • Psychotherapy: – an emotionally charged, confiding interaction between a trained therapist and someone who suffers from psychological difficulties. – Approximately 250 different psychotherapies. – Eclectic Approach – uses different psychotherapies depending on the client’s needs. • “Psychotherapy integration”
    4. 4. Psychological Therapies • Psychoanalysis – Sigmund Freud – Interpretation of: • Free associations • Resistances • Dreams • Transferences – Bring subconscious motivations to conscious mind.
    5. 5. Psychological Therapies • Humanistic Therapies – Client-Centered Therapy • Carl Rogers • Involves active listening within a genuine, accepting, empathic environment. • “Nondirective therapy” • Unconditional positive regard
    6. 6. Psychological Therapies • Behavior Therapies – Classical Conditioning • Systematic Desensitization – Progressive relaxation – Exposure therapy: gentle – Flooding: aggressive confrontation • Aversive Conditioning – Operant Conditioning • Token economy
    7. 7. Psychological Therapies • Cognitive Therapies – Therapy that teaches people new, more adaptive ways of thinking and acting. – Based on the assumption that thoughts intervene between events and our emotional reactions • Stress inoculation training • Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy – integrated therapy.
    8. 8. Psychological Therapies • Family Therapy – Treats the family as a system. – Odds are that what is affecting one person has a link to the whole family. • Group Therapy – Good for things like eating disorders
    9. 9. Evaluating Psychotherapies • Who do people turn to for help?
    10. 10. Evaluating Psychotherapies • Reasons for success among psychotherapies – Hope for demoralized people – A new perspective – An empathic, trusting, caring relationship
    11. 11. Biomedical Therapies • Drug Therapies – Psychopharmacology • Antipsychotic Drugs – Thorazine for positive schizophrenia – Clozaril for negative schizophrenia • Antianxiety Drugs – Valium and Librium » Used for Bipolar Disorder & Generalized Anxiety Disorder, not OCD, phobias, or panic disorder » Unclear how it works.
    12. 12. Biomedical Therapies • Drug Therapies – Antidepressant Drugs • Tricyclics – imipramine and amitryptyline • Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors (MAOIs) – Marplan, Nardil • Selective Seratonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs): – Prozac
    13. 13. Biomedical Therapies • Electroconvulsive Therapy – Used in case of sever, unrelenting depression – Modern ECT is very different from early ECT • Safer • Patient given drugs to sedate beforehand • Painless – 70% of people who do not respond to other treatments get relief with ECT
    14. 14. Biomedical Therapies • Psychosurgery – Prefrontal lobotomies not used anymore. – Cingulotomy • Partial destruction of structure in limbic system • Results show some success with fewer side effects
    15. 15. Preventing Psychological Disorders
    16. 16. Preventing Psychological Disorders • Be happy
    17. 17. Preventing Psychological Disorders • Be happy • Don’t do drugs
    18. 18. Preventing Psychological Disorders • Be happy • Don’t do drugs • Be nice to yourself and others
    19. 19. Preventing Psychological Disorders • Be happy • Don’t do drugs • Be nice to yourself and others • Don’t be sad; don’t be crazy; don’t be weird
    20. 20. Preventing Psychological Disorders • Be happy • Don’t do drugs • Be nice to yourself and others • Don’t be sad; don’t be crazy; don’t be weird • Have faith
    21. 21. Preventing Psychological Disorders • Be happy • Don’t do drugs • Be nice to yourself and others • Don’t be sad; don’t be crazy; don’t be weird • Have faith • Get married
    22. 22. Preventing Psychological Disorders • Be happy • Don’t do drugs • Be nice to yourself and others • Don’t be sad; don’t be crazy; don’t be weird • Have faith • Get married • Have someone you can talk to

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