Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
  • Like
Therapy Unit slides
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×

Now you can save presentations on your phone or tablet

Available for both IPhone and Android

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply

Therapy Unit slides

  • 1,441 views
Published

 

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
1,441
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0

Actions

Shares
Downloads
43
Comments
0
Likes
1

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide





















Transcript

  • 1. Therapy
  • 2. Preview • Psychological Therapies • Evaluating Psychotherapies • Biomedical Therapies • Preventing Psychological Disorders
  • 3. Psychological Therapies • Psychotherapy: – an emotionally charged, confiding interaction between a trained therapist and someone who suffers from psychological difficulties. – Approximately 250 different psychotherapies. – Eclectic Approach – uses different psychotherapies depending on the client’s needs. • “Psychotherapy integration”
  • 4. Psychological Therapies • Psychoanalysis – Sigmund Freud – Interpretation of: • Free associations • Resistances • Dreams • Transferences – Bring subconscious motivations to conscious mind.
  • 5. Psychological Therapies • Humanistic Therapies – Client-Centered Therapy • Carl Rogers • Involves active listening within a genuine, accepting, empathic environment. • “Nondirective therapy” • Unconditional positive regard
  • 6. Psychological Therapies • Behavior Therapies – Classical Conditioning • Systematic Desensitization – Progressive relaxation – Exposure therapy: gentle – Flooding: aggressive confrontation • Aversive Conditioning – Operant Conditioning • Token economy
  • 7. Psychological Therapies • Cognitive Therapies – Therapy that teaches people new, more adaptive ways of thinking and acting. – Based on the assumption that thoughts intervene between events and our emotional reactions • Stress inoculation training • Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy – integrated therapy.
  • 8. Psychological Therapies • Family Therapy – Treats the family as a system. – Odds are that what is affecting one person has a link to the whole family. • Group Therapy – Good for things like eating disorders
  • 9. Evaluating Psychotherapies • Who do people turn to for help?
  • 10. Evaluating Psychotherapies • Reasons for success among psychotherapies – Hope for demoralized people – A new perspective – An empathic, trusting, caring relationship
  • 11. Biomedical Therapies • Drug Therapies – Psychopharmacology • Antipsychotic Drugs – Thorazine for positive schizophrenia – Clozaril for negative schizophrenia • Antianxiety Drugs – Valium and Librium » Used for Bipolar Disorder & Generalized Anxiety Disorder, not OCD, phobias, or panic disorder » Unclear how it works.
  • 12. Biomedical Therapies • Drug Therapies – Antidepressant Drugs • Tricyclics – imipramine and amitryptyline • Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors (MAOIs) – Marplan, Nardil • Selective Seratonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs): – Prozac
  • 13. Biomedical Therapies • Electroconvulsive Therapy – Used in case of sever, unrelenting depression – Modern ECT is very different from early ECT • Safer • Patient given drugs to sedate beforehand • Painless – 70% of people who do not respond to other treatments get relief with ECT
  • 14. Biomedical Therapies • Psychosurgery – Prefrontal lobotomies not used anymore. – Cingulotomy • Partial destruction of structure in limbic system • Results show some success with fewer side effects
  • 15. Preventing Psychological Disorders
  • 16. Preventing Psychological Disorders • Be happy
  • 17. Preventing Psychological Disorders • Be happy • Don’t do drugs
  • 18. Preventing Psychological Disorders • Be happy • Don’t do drugs • Be nice to yourself and others
  • 19. Preventing Psychological Disorders • Be happy • Don’t do drugs • Be nice to yourself and others • Don’t be sad; don’t be crazy; don’t be weird
  • 20. Preventing Psychological Disorders • Be happy • Don’t do drugs • Be nice to yourself and others • Don’t be sad; don’t be crazy; don’t be weird • Have faith
  • 21. Preventing Psychological Disorders • Be happy • Don’t do drugs • Be nice to yourself and others • Don’t be sad; don’t be crazy; don’t be weird • Have faith • Get married
  • 22. Preventing Psychological Disorders • Be happy • Don’t do drugs • Be nice to yourself and others • Don’t be sad; don’t be crazy; don’t be weird • Have faith • Get married • Have someone you can talk to