Scientific Revolution Slides


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  • Earth > Water > Air > Fire
    Heavy “down”, light “up”

  • Scientific Revolution Slides

    1. 1. European Scientific Revolution 1500-1700s Sunday, March 15, 2009
    2. 2. Objectives List circumstances that led to the Scientific Revolution in Europe Summarize the development of the heliocentric theory Describe the scientific method and explain Newton’s law of gravity Describe the importance of the scientific method in different fields Sunday, March 15, 2009
    3. 3. Ancient & Medieval “Science” The universe is made of concentric spheres of 4 elements: earth, water, air, and fire (and space is made of “aether”) The earth (specifically the Garden of Eden) is at the center of the universe, and all things revolve around it (geocentric theory) Heavy objects naturally move “down” and light objects move “up” Sunday, March 15, 2009
    4. 4. Sunday, March 15, 2009
    5. 5. New ideas Nicolaus Copernicus, Galileo Galilei, telescopic heliocentric theory, 1543 observation of Jupiter’s moons & Luna’s surface, Andreas Vesalius, 1609 circulatory system & Johannes Kepler, laws of skeleton, 1543 planetary motion, 1609 Tycho Brahe, observations Renes Descartes, of planets, late-1600s Discourse on Method, 1637 William Gilbert, theory of Antony van Leeuwenhoek, magnetism & electricity, microscopic observations, 1600 1660 Si Francis Bacon, Isaac Newton, law of reductionism, 1620 universal gravitation, 1687 Sunday, March 15, 2009
    6. 6. Aristotle and Ptolemy Sunday, March 15, 2009
    7. 7. Copernicus Sunday, March 15, 2009
    8. 8. Galileo’s observations Sunday, March 15, 2009
    9. 9. Galileo Galilei 1564 - 1642, Tuscan physicist, mathematician, astronomer, and philosopher Improved telescopic techology Observed three of Jupiter’s moons and Luna’s surface, published findings in Starry Messenger Sunday, March 15, 2009
    10. 10. Psalm 93:1, Psalm 96:10, and 1 Chronicles 16:30: quot;the world is firmly established, it cannot be moved.quot; Psalm 104:5 says, quot;the LORD set the earth on its foundations; it can never be moved.quot; Ecclesiastes 1:5 states that quot;And the sun rises and sets and returns to its placequot; Sunday, March 15, 2009
    11. 11. Placed on trial before the Roman Inquisition Galileo was found to be quot;vehemently suspect of heresyquot;, namely of having held the opinions that the Sun lies motionless at the centre of the universe, that the Earth is not at its centre and moves, and that one may hold and defend an opinion as probable after it has been declared contrary to Holy Scripture. He was ordered imprisoned; the sentence was later commuted to house arrest. His offending Dialogue was banned; and in an action not announced at the trial, publication of any of his works was forbidden, including any he might write in the future. Sunday, March 15, 2009
    12. 12. The Inquisition’s publication ban was lifted in 1718 In 1992, Pope John Paul II expressed regret for the Church’s handling of the Galileo case In March 2008, the Vatican announced plans to erect a statue to Galileo within the walls of the Vatican Sunday, March 15, 2009
    13. 13. Newton’s laws First law: An object in motion stays in motion and an object at rest stays at rest unless acted upon by another force Second law: F = ma Third law: For every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction Sunday, March 15, 2009