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Transcript

  • 1. Fall Final Review
  • 2. Psychology’s roots
  • 3. Psychology: the scientific study of humanthought and behaviorintrospection > empiricismstructuralism > functionalism
  • 4. Big IssuesNature vs NurtureStability vs ChangeContinuity vs Stages
  • 5. Contemporary Psychology
  • 6. Basic vs Applied Research?MA vs PhD vs PsyD?
  • 7. Research
  • 8. Case StudiesNaturalistic ObservationSurvey Correlational Study Longitudinal Study Cross-sectional Study
  • 9. Experiment Independent vs Dependent variable? Operational definitions? Control vs Experimental condition? Significant difference?
  • 10. EthicsNo unnecessary harmInformed consent/ Right of RefusalPrivacyDebriefing
  • 11. Standard deviation isthe “mean of themeans”the smaller thedeviation, the moreclosely related all of theresultsthe larger thedeviation, the morecases at the extremes
  • 12. Standard deviation isthe “mean of themeans”the smaller thedeviation, the moreclosely related all of theresultsthe larger thedeviation, the morecases at the extremes
  • 13. NeuroPsych
  • 14. Brain scansElectroencephalogramMagnetic Resonance ImagingComputer Assisted TomographyPositron Emission Tomography
  • 15. Nature-Nurture
  • 16. ParentingPermissiveAuthoritarianAuthoritative
  • 17. Peers vs FamilyEffect of parenting is clearest at the extremesof GOOD and BAD parentingPeers fill in and flesh-out the middle
  • 18. genderSocial Learning Theory says we learn byobserving, imitating, and being rewarded ofpunished.Gender Schema Theory combines sociallearning theory with our personal schemas ofwhat gender we are
  • 19. Developmental Psych
  • 20. zygote embryoembryo fetus
  • 21. reflex vs instinct?maturationnewborn preference for voice & smell
  • 22. Mary Ainsworth, Strange Situationsecure vs insecure vs disrupted attachment
  • 23. Harry Harlow
  • 24. Lawrence Kohlberg Stages of Moral Post-conventional Reasoning ConventionalMorality Pre-conventional Age
  • 25. Primary vs Secondary sexual characteristics?
  • 26. Elizabeth Kubler-Ross Stages of Death & Dying Acceptance Depression Bargaining AngerDenial Time
  • 27. Sensation
  • 28. vestibularkinesthetics
  • 29. Perception
  • 30. Depth perceptionvisual cliff testmonocular cues retinal disperity convergence
  • 31. binocular cuesrelative size linear perspectiveinterposition light & shadowrelative claritytexture gradientrelative heightrelative motion
  • 32. perceptual constancy(size, shape, color)size-distancerelationship
  • 33. Perceptual adaptationPerceptual set
  • 34. subliminal stimulation existssubliminal persuasion does not
  • 35. Consciousness
  • 36. melatonin & adenosine narcolepsy insomnianight terrorssleep apnea
  • 37. Hypnosis• posthypnotic suggestions have limited applicability• recovered memories have little validity• results from dissociation/ divided consciousness or social influence
  • 38. Drugs
  • 39. Depressantsalcoholbarbituates (tranquilizers)opiates
  • 40. StimulantsamphetaminesmethamphetaminescocaineEcstasy
  • 41. HallucinogensLSDMarijuana
  • 42. Learning
  • 43. Classical Pavlovstimulus = stimulus
  • 44. Operant SkinnerBehavior = consequence
  • 45. ObservationBanduraBobo Doll monkey see, monkey do . . .
  • 46. punishmentreinforcement positive vs negative
  • 47. Ratio intervalfixed vs Interval
  • 48. Memory
  • 49. encoding
  • 50. storage
  • 51. retrieval
  • 52. forgetting