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Fall Final Review
Psychology’s roots
Psychology: the scientific study of humanthought and behaviorintrospection > empiricismstructuralism > functionalism
Big IssuesNature vs NurtureStability vs ChangeContinuity vs Stages
Contemporary Psychology
Basic vs Applied Research?MA vs PhD vs PsyD?
Research
Case StudiesNaturalistic ObservationSurvey    Correlational Study    Longitudinal Study    Cross-sectional Study
Experiment    Independent vs Dependent variable?    Operational definitions?    Control vs Experimental condition?    Signi...
EthicsNo unnecessary harmInformed consent/ Right of RefusalPrivacyDebriefing
Standard deviation isthe “mean of themeans”the smaller thedeviation, the moreclosely related all of theresultsthe larger t...
Standard deviation isthe “mean of themeans”the smaller thedeviation, the moreclosely related all of theresultsthe larger t...
NeuroPsych
Brain scansElectroencephalogramMagnetic Resonance ImagingComputer Assisted TomographyPositron Emission Tomography
Nature-Nurture
ParentingPermissiveAuthoritarianAuthoritative
Peers vs FamilyEffect of parenting is clearest at the extremesof GOOD and BAD parentingPeers fill in and flesh-out the middle
genderSocial Learning Theory says we learn byobserving, imitating, and being rewarded ofpunished.Gender Schema Theory comb...
Developmental Psych
zygote   embryoembryo    fetus
reflex vs instinct?maturationnewborn preference for voice & smell
Mary Ainsworth, Strange Situationsecure vs insecure vs disrupted attachment
Harry Harlow
Lawrence Kohlberg  Stages of Moral       Post-conventional     Reasoning                    ConventionalMorality          ...
Primary vs Secondary sexual characteristics?
Elizabeth Kubler-Ross Stages of Death & Dying                                 Acceptance                     Depression   ...
Sensation
vestibularkinesthetics
Perception
Depth perceptionvisual cliff testmonocular cues     retinal disperity     convergence
binocular cuesrelative size      linear perspectiveinterposition      light & shadowrelative claritytexture gradientrelati...
perceptual constancy(size, shape, color)size-distancerelationship
Perceptual adaptationPerceptual set
subliminal stimulation existssubliminal persuasion does not
Consciousness
melatonin & adenosine narcolepsy  insomnianight terrorssleep apnea
Hypnosis•   posthypnotic suggestions have limited    applicability•   recovered memories have little validity•   results f...
Drugs
Depressantsalcoholbarbituates (tranquilizers)opiates
StimulantsamphetaminesmethamphetaminescocaineEcstasy
HallucinogensLSDMarijuana
Learning
Classical      Pavlovstimulus = stimulus
Operant       SkinnerBehavior = consequence
ObservationBanduraBobo Doll                 monkey see, monkey do . . .
punishmentreinforcement         positive vs negative
Ratio                     intervalfixed       vs Interval
Memory
encoding
storage
retrieval
forgetting
Fall Final review
Fall Final review
Fall Final review
Fall Final review
Fall Final review
Fall Final review
Fall Final review
Fall Final review
Fall Final review
Fall Final review
Fall Final review
Fall Final review
Fall Final review
Fall Final review
Fall Final review
Fall Final review
Fall Final review
Fall Final review
Fall Final review
Fall Final review
Fall Final review
Fall Final review
Fall Final review
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Fall Final review

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  • Transcript of "Fall Final review"

    1. 1. Fall Final Review
    2. 2. Psychology’s roots
    3. 3. Psychology: the scientific study of humanthought and behaviorintrospection > empiricismstructuralism > functionalism
    4. 4. Big IssuesNature vs NurtureStability vs ChangeContinuity vs Stages
    5. 5. Contemporary Psychology
    6. 6. Basic vs Applied Research?MA vs PhD vs PsyD?
    7. 7. Research
    8. 8. Case StudiesNaturalistic ObservationSurvey Correlational Study Longitudinal Study Cross-sectional Study
    9. 9. Experiment Independent vs Dependent variable? Operational definitions? Control vs Experimental condition? Significant difference?
    10. 10. EthicsNo unnecessary harmInformed consent/ Right of RefusalPrivacyDebriefing
    11. 11. Standard deviation isthe “mean of themeans”the smaller thedeviation, the moreclosely related all of theresultsthe larger thedeviation, the morecases at the extremes
    12. 12. Standard deviation isthe “mean of themeans”the smaller thedeviation, the moreclosely related all of theresultsthe larger thedeviation, the morecases at the extremes
    13. 13. NeuroPsych
    14. 14. Brain scansElectroencephalogramMagnetic Resonance ImagingComputer Assisted TomographyPositron Emission Tomography
    15. 15. Nature-Nurture
    16. 16. ParentingPermissiveAuthoritarianAuthoritative
    17. 17. Peers vs FamilyEffect of parenting is clearest at the extremesof GOOD and BAD parentingPeers fill in and flesh-out the middle
    18. 18. genderSocial Learning Theory says we learn byobserving, imitating, and being rewarded ofpunished.Gender Schema Theory combines sociallearning theory with our personal schemas ofwhat gender we are
    19. 19. Developmental Psych
    20. 20. zygote embryoembryo fetus
    21. 21. reflex vs instinct?maturationnewborn preference for voice & smell
    22. 22. Mary Ainsworth, Strange Situationsecure vs insecure vs disrupted attachment
    23. 23. Harry Harlow
    24. 24. Lawrence Kohlberg Stages of Moral Post-conventional Reasoning ConventionalMorality Pre-conventional Age
    25. 25. Primary vs Secondary sexual characteristics?
    26. 26. Elizabeth Kubler-Ross Stages of Death & Dying Acceptance Depression Bargaining AngerDenial Time
    27. 27. Sensation
    28. 28. vestibularkinesthetics
    29. 29. Perception
    30. 30. Depth perceptionvisual cliff testmonocular cues retinal disperity convergence
    31. 31. binocular cuesrelative size linear perspectiveinterposition light & shadowrelative claritytexture gradientrelative heightrelative motion
    32. 32. perceptual constancy(size, shape, color)size-distancerelationship
    33. 33. Perceptual adaptationPerceptual set
    34. 34. subliminal stimulation existssubliminal persuasion does not
    35. 35. Consciousness
    36. 36. melatonin & adenosine narcolepsy insomnianight terrorssleep apnea
    37. 37. Hypnosis• posthypnotic suggestions have limited applicability• recovered memories have little validity• results from dissociation/ divided consciousness or social influence
    38. 38. Drugs
    39. 39. Depressantsalcoholbarbituates (tranquilizers)opiates
    40. 40. StimulantsamphetaminesmethamphetaminescocaineEcstasy
    41. 41. HallucinogensLSDMarijuana
    42. 42. Learning
    43. 43. Classical Pavlovstimulus = stimulus
    44. 44. Operant SkinnerBehavior = consequence
    45. 45. ObservationBanduraBobo Doll monkey see, monkey do . . .
    46. 46. punishmentreinforcement positive vs negative
    47. 47. Ratio intervalfixed vs Interval
    48. 48. Memory
    49. 49. encoding
    50. 50. storage
    51. 51. retrieval
    52. 52. forgetting
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