Ch 02 Early River Valley Civilizations

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  • 4,100 miles long
    Black land (good) vs Red land (bad)
    isolation until 3200 BCE
  • Horus with crown of Upper and Lower Egypt - after Menes, 3100 BCE
  • Pharaoh = god
  • Papyrus & hieroglyphics
  • Papyrus & hieroglyphics
  • Papyrus & hieroglyphics
  • Papyrus & hieroglyphics
  • Papyrus & hieroglyphics
  • Rosetta Stone
  • Mummification
  • Mummification
  • Mummification
  • Mummification
  • Mummification
  • Mummification
  • Mummification
  • Monsoons
    Oct - May = DRY
    June - Sept = WET
  • loess
    Huang He in north
    Chang Jiang in south
  • filial piety, ancestor worship
    writing unifies
  • Ch 02 Early River Valley Civilizations

    1. 1. EARLY RIVER VALLEY CIVILIZATIONS Chapter 2
    2. 2. CHAPTER OVERVIEW Civilizations emerged and developed on fertile plains in Mesopotamia, Egypt, the Indus Valley, and China
    3. 3. 1. CITY-STATES IN MESOPOTAMIA Students should be able to describe how the earliest civilization in Asia arose in Mesopotamia, organized into city-states, and developed into the world’s first empire.
    4. 4. 1. Summarize how geography affected culture in the Fertile Crescent 2. Describe city-states and how other cultures learned about them 3. Describe Sumerian religious beliefs, social structure, and technology 4. Explain the influence of Sumer of later civilizations
    5. 5. Bronze technology developed first in Sumeria, 3300 BCE
    6. 6. Sargon of Akkad unites Mesopotamia, 2350 BCE Amorites form Babylonian Empire, ~2000 BCE Hammurabi, ~1700 BCE Hammurabi’s Code, 282 written laws
    7. 7. 2. PYRAMIDS ON THE NILE Students should be able to analyze Egypt’s geography, political structure, religion, technology, and culture.
    8. 8. Summarize how geography affected the development of Egyptian culture Explain the importance of pharaohs, pyramids, and trade in the Old Kingdom Describe ancient Egyptian religion, social structure, and technology Explain the shift from the Old Kingdom to the New Kingdom
    9. 9. the crown of Narmer
    10. 10. Old Kingdom ends, 2180 BCE Middle Kingdom until 1640 BCE Hyksos from 1630 to 1523 BCE
    11. 11. 3. PLANNED CITIES ON THE INDUS Students should be able to describe characteristics and accomplishments of the first Indian civilization, such as planned cities and a written language.
    12. 12. The first Indian civilization built well-planned cities on the banks of the Indus River. Describe the impact of geography on the Indus Valley culture. What major concepts characterize Indus Valley cities and culture? List theories about the decline of Indus Valley cultures.
    13. 13. 4. RIVER DYNASTIES IN CHINA Students should be able to explaib how the Shang and Zhou dynasties affected Chinese civilization and culture
    14. 14. 1. Explain the effects of geography on cultural development in China 2. Describe the growth & structure of the Shang dynasty 3. Summarize the rise and fall of the Zhou dynasty
    15. 15. 2000 BCE, Xia Dynasty 1532-1027 BCE, Shang Dynasty Anyang
    16. 16. CHINESE CULTURE Family Religious beliefs Ideographic writing Shang technology and artistry
    17. 17. Mandate of Heaven and the dynastic cycle (p. 54) 1027-256 BCE, Zhou Dynasty Feudalism Period of Warring States

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