Ch 25 industrialization slides


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Slides to accompany Ch 25, Industrialization, in McDougal Littell's World History: Patterns of Interaction

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  • Luddites:
    Was destroying the machines a good response?

  • For Industrialization

  • telegraph operator in early career
    1,093 patents
    phonograph + lightbulb + flouroscope
    developed & implemented large-scale electrical generation & distribution
  • Scottish
    deaf mother & wife
    Hydrofoils, aeronautics
    co-founder of National Geographic Society
  • Italian
    deaf mother & wife
    Hydrofoils, aeronautics
    co-founder of National Geographic Society
    Marconi’s men on Titanic, credited with saving everyone who lived

  • Ch 25 industrialization slides

    1. 1. Industrialization ch 25
    2. 2. Beginnings
    3. 3. Explain the beginning of industrialization in Britain: • Improvements in farming methods in the 1700s boost crop yields and lead to enclosed land • Many small farmers lose their land, move to the city, and become urban workers • Britain possesses ideal conditions for the growth of industry
    4. 4. Describe key inventions that furthered the Industrial Revolution: • Key inventions revolutionized industry during the 1700s and 1800s • The textile industry is the first to benefit, with the invention of machines to produce cotton cloth • Transportation expands with the invention of the steam engine and the construction of canals, roads, and railroads
    5. 5. Agricultural Advances Neolithic terrace (Inca) Revolution Three-field System Slash & Burn enclosure Plow Crop rotation Animal harness seed drill latifundia (Rome) chinampas (Aztec)
    6. 6. Industrialization
    7. 7. Describe the social and economic effects of industrialization • Industrialization leads to economic growth & urbanization • Industry generates wealth for some but hardship for others • As divisions between rich and poor grow, class tension escalates
    8. 8. Show how Manchester exemplified the new industrial city • Manchester becomes an example of the new industrial city • Textile factories produce great wealth for mill owners • Workers and the environment suffer the effects of industrialization
    9. 9. Social Economic Positives Negatives
    10. 10. Industrialization Spreads
    11. 11. Describe industrial growth in the United States • Like Britain, the United States offers conditions favorable to the growth of industry • British machinery spawns an American textile industry • American industry expands rapidly in the late-1800s, fueled by the growth of railroads
    12. 12. Explain the spread of industry in Europe • At first, war and unrest in Europe delay the growth of industry • Belgium is the first country in Europe to industrialize, followed by Germany • Other parts of Europe begin to develop industry in the mid-1800s, though progress is slow in some areas
    13. 13. Identify the effects of industrialization on the rest of the world • The Industrial Revolution widens the gap between more-developed and less-developed nations • Industrialized countries exploit overseas colonies for resources and markets • Over time, standards of living rise in the industrial nations
    14. 14. Colonialism an extension of a nation’s sovereignty over territory beyond its own national borders, and the rule or displacement of indigenous populations. Colonizing nations generally dominate the resources, labor, and markets of the colonial territory, and may also impose socio-cultural, religious, and linguistic structures on the indigenous population. e.g. Anglo-Zulu War, 1879
    15. 15. An Age of Reform
    16. 16. Identify ideas and thinkers that support industrialization • Laissez-faire thinkers support a free market and oppose government regulation • Economists argue that natural law governs economic life
    17. 17. Explain the origins and main concepts of socialism • Some thinkers oppose laissez-faire policies and favor government efforts to improve people’s lives • Utilitarian thinkers argue that government should promote the general welfare • Socialists and Marxists propose state controls to achieve social and economic equality
    18. 18. Examine unionization and legislative reform • Workers organize unions to raise wages and improve conditions • Unions eventually become established and legal • Reform laws are passed in Britain and the United States to limit child labor and set work hours
    19. 19. Describe other reform movements of the 1800s • Industrialization spurs the growth of various reform movements • The abolition movement helps to end slavery by the late 1800s • Women fight for their rights, while education and prison reform make strides
    20. 20. Democratic Reform & Activism 26.1
    21. 21. • Describe the evolution of British democracy • Explain the origin and goals of the woman suffrage movement • Trace the development of democratic institutions in France
    22. 22. 19th Century Progress 26.4
    23. 23. Objectives • Describe inventions of the late 19th century and their impact on daily life • Trace advances in medicine and science • Describe the emergence of the social sciences • Explain the rise of mass culture
    24. 24. Thomas Edison Light bulb Phonograph Research lab
    25. 25. Alexander Graham Bell Telephone
    26. 26. Guglielmo Marconi Radiotelegraph
    27. 27. March 1925, illegal to teach the theory of evolution John Scopes, 24, arrested in Dayton, TN ACLU hired Clarence Darrow as defense William Jennings Bryant, a creationist preacher & former Presidential candidate, served as special prosecutor
    28. 28. Darrow’s argument was that a. creationism conflicts with modern science, so it must be incorrect, and b. the Bible contains illogicalities, contradictions, and impossibilities, so it cannot be taken literally Bryan’s argument was that a. God can override the laws of nature with miracles, b. God’s revealed truth supersedes scientific evidence, c. when man cannot explain or understand the Bible, it shows that man’s wisdom is inferior to God’s, not that the Bible is untrue, and d. the science of the day was not conclusive about evolution