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Ch 20 Atlantic World

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Slides to accompany Chapter 20, The Atlantic World (1492-1800), from World History: Patterns of Interaction, from McDougal Littell.

Slides to accompany Chapter 20, The Atlantic World (1492-1800), from World History: Patterns of Interaction, from McDougal Littell.

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  • Taino indians
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  • Transcript

    • 1. 1.What is the capital of the country marked A? 2.What is the capital of the country marked B? 3.What is the capital of the country marked C? 4.What is the capital of the country marked D? 5.What is the capital of the country marked E?
    • 2. E C D B A 1.What is the capital of the country marked A? 2.What is the capital of the country marked B? 3.What is the capital of the country marked C? 4.What is the capital of the country marked D? 5.What is the capital of the country marked E?
    • 3. E C D B A 1.What is the capital of the country marked A? Buenos Aires 2.What is the capital of the country marked B? Brasilia 3.What is the capital of the country marked C? Algiers 4.What is the capital of the country marked D? Tehran 5.What is the capital of the country marked E? Ulaanbatar
    • 4. The Atlantic World ch 20
    • 5. 20.1 Spain Builds an American Empire
    • 6. 1. Describe the voyages of Columbus and his contemporaries • Cabral, Vespucci, Magellan, Balboa 2. Describe the Spanish conquests of the Aztec and Inca • Cortes & Montezuma II • Pizarro & Atahualpa 3. Identify the effects of Spanish colonization on the Americas 4. Trace the level of resistance to Spanish rule by indigenous people
    • 7. Columbus
    • 8. Columbus ❖ Columbus was Italian. Why didn’t any Italian monarch give him money for his voyages?
    • 9. Columbus ❖ Columbus was Italian. Why didn’t any Italian monarch give him money for his voyages? ❖ And why didn’t the Portuguese give him money?
    • 10. Columbus ❖ Columbus was Italian. Why didn’t any Italian monarch give him money for his voyages? ❖ And why didn’t the Portuguese give him money? ❖ Why did Spain?
    • 11. Columbus ❖ Columbus was Italian. Why didn’t any Italian monarch give him money for his voyages? ❖ And why didn’t the Portuguese give him money? ❖ Why did Spain? ❖ Why did Spain wait until 1492 to give Columbus money?
    • 12. Columbus ❖ Columbus was Italian. Why didn’t any Italian monarch give him money for his voyages? ❖ And why didn’t the Portuguese give him money? ❖ Why did Spain? ❖ Why did Spain wait until 1492 to give Columbus money? ❖ If Leif Erickson and friends reached North America 500 years earlier than Columbus, why is he so famous and not Erickson?
    • 13. Christopher Columbus 1451—1506
    • 14. Christopher Columbus 1451—1506
    • 15. Christopher Columbus 1451—1506
    • 16. Christopher Columbus 1451—1506
    • 17. The Explorers Explorer Representing Feat Cabral Portugal Claimed Brazil Vespucci Portugal Explored S.A. Americas named after him Balboa Spain Reach the Pacific Magellan Portugal Circumnavigate the world Cabot England Northeast Cabrillo Spain 1st to California coast
    • 18. The Conquistadores Name Area Cortes Mexico, Honduras Pizarro Peru Coronado American southwest Balboa Panama Orellana Amazon de Leon Puerto Rico & Florida
    • 19. After the conquest ❖ mestizo ❖ encomienda system ❖ after the encomienda? ❖ Spanish silver & gold
    • 20. 20.2
    • 21. New France New Spain
    • 22. ❖ Jamestown, 1607 ❖ Pilgrims, Plymouth, MA ❖ Puritans, Massachusetts Bay ❖ New Netherland ❖ French: Haiti, Guadeloupe, and Martinique ❖ English: Barbados & Jamaica ❖ Dutch: Netherlands Antilles & Aruba
    • 23. ❖ French & Indian War ❖ Native Relations ❖ Dutch? ❖ French? ❖ English? ❖ Metacom?
    • 24. 1750 Population North America 2,000 Latin America & 16,000 Caribbean World 791,000
    • 25. 20.3
    • 26. Objectives Students should be able to: ❖ Identify the causes of African slavery ❖ Trace the spread of slavery throughout the Americas ❖ Explain the triangular trade ❖ Describe the life of enslaved Africans in the colonies ❖ Identify the consequences of the Atlantic slave trade
    • 27. Triangular Trade
    • 28. 1. How was slavery in the Americas different from slavery in Africa? 2. What factors led European colonists to use Africans to resupply their labor force? 3. What were several ways in which enslaved Africans resisted their treatment in the Americas? 4. Why do you think the slave trade (1451-1870) lasted for so long?
    • 29. Causes ❖ Slavery in Africa ❖ The Demand for Africans ❖ Spain and Portugal ★ By 1650, 300,000 slaves on Spanish plantations
    • 30. Spread of Slavery ❖ England’s role ★ 1.7 million slaves traded ❖ African Cooperation and Resistance
    • 31. 20.4
    • 32. ❖ Explain the Columbian Exchange ❖ Identify factors that led to the development of global trade ❖ Describe the effects of new economic policies on European society
    • 33. Columbian Exchange
    • 34. Columbian Exchange
    • 35. Columbian Exchange
    • 36. Columbian Exchange
    • 37. Columbian Exchange
    • 38. Columbian Exchange
    • 39. Columbian Exchange
    • 40. Columbian Exchange
    • 41. Columbian Exchange
    • 42. Columbian Exchange
    • 43. Columbian Exchange
    • 44. Columbian Exchange
    • 45. Columbian Exchange
    • 46. Columbian Exchange
    • 47. Columbian Exchange
    • 48. Columbian Exchange
    • 49. Columbian Exchange
    • 50. Columbian Exchange
    • 51. Columbian Exchange
    • 52. Columbian Exchange
    • 53. Columbian Exchange
    • 54. Columbian Exchange
    • 55. Columbian Exchange