Ch 17 Renaissance Slides

10,528 views

Published on

Slides on Renaissance and Reformation, Ch 17 of World History: Patterns of Interaction, by McDougal Littell

Published in: Education
0 Comments
7 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
10,528
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
38
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
258
Comments
0
Likes
7
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • John Calvin creates
  • Ch 17 Renaissance Slides

    1. 1. The Renaissance, 1300-1600 Ch 17
    2. 2. Italian Renaissance 17.1
    3. 3. 17.1 Italy as birthplace ✦ Explain the three conditions in Italy that gave rise to the Renaissance ✦ Identify the values and ideas prized during the Renaissance ✦ Describe the artistic break-through and achievements of Renaissance artists ✦ Summarize influential literary works and techniques of key Renaissance writers
    4. 4. Conditions in Italy • Thriving cities ✦ Milan, Florence, Rome, Naples, Venice, Genoa, and Pisa • Wealthy merchant class ✦ Patrons of the arts ✦ the Medici • Classical heritage of Greece and Rome ✦ Ruins of Rome ✦ Latin manuscripts from Constantinople, 1453
    5. 5. Values and Ideas Medieval Values Renaissance Values GOD MAN Religiousity Secularism Supernatural Nature or Natural Faith Reason Communalism Individualism Rural Urban Original Sin Reason & Free Will Monasticism Civic Participation
    6. 6. Artistic achievements
    7. 7. Renaissance Literature ✦ Dante ✦ Inferno ✦ Vernacular ✦ Machiavelli ✦ The Prince ✦ Humanism ✦ Classicism
    8. 8. Northern Renaissance 17.2
    9. 9. 17.2 Northern Renaissance ✦ Explain the origins and characteristics of the Northern Renaissance ✦ Trace the impact of the Renaissance on German and Flemish painters ✦ Profile key northern Renaissance writers ✦ Explain how printing spread Renaissance ideas
    10. 10. ✦ England and France, after the 100 Years War, have strong central governments that sponsor the arts ✦ War in northern Italy drives artists out of Italy, north ✦ Northern Renaissance artists are more religious and more politically active than Italian artists
    11. 11. Albrecht Drurer Germany
    12. 12. Albrecht Drurer Germany
    13. 13. Hans Holbein Flanders
    14. 14. Hans Holbein Flanders
    15. 15. Jan van Eyck
    16. 16. Jan van Eyck
    17. 17. Pieter Bruegel
    18. 18. Pieter Bruegel
    19. 19. Northern Renaissance writers ✦ Erasmus, The Praise of Folly ✦ Thomas More, Utopia ✦ Shakespeare ✦ The Elizabethan Age
    20. 20. Gutenberg Revolution ✦ Around 1045, movable-type printing in China ✦ Around 1440, movable-type printing in Germany ✦ Plays its first huge role in the Reformation!
    21. 21. Luther Starts the Reformation 17.3
    22. 22. 17.3 Luther Starts the Reformation ✦ Analyze historical forces and religious issues that sparked the Reformation ✦ Trace Martin Luther’s role in the religious movement to reform the Catholic Church ✦ Analyze the impact of Luther’s religious revolt ✦ Explain the spread of the Protestant faith to England during King Henry VIII’s reign
    23. 23. Causes of the Reformation ✦ The spread of Renaissance ideas and claims of corruption among the clergy undermine the Catholic Church’s authority ✦ In the 1200s and 1300s, John Wycliffe and John Huss criticize church practices ✦ In the late 1400s, Savonarola calls for church reforms
    24. 24. Luther Challenges the Church ✦ Martin Luther protests the sale of indulgences ✦ In 1517, Luther begins the Reformation in Wittenberg ✦ Luther teaches his views on the path to salvation and the interpretation of the Bible
    25. 25. Martin Luther (1483-1546) stands in history as one of those unique forces, an individual who by force of will and by his ideas changed the world fundamentally.
    26. 26. He doesn’t represent a break with the past, but rather a flash-point Luther saw himself as a reformer within the Catholic church He saw himself as returning Christianity to its historical roots
    27. 27. In 1521, Luther was summoned by Charles V to the Diet of Worms to stand trial.
    28. 28. When urged to recant his ideas, Luther declared: "Since your majesty and your lordships desire a simple reply, I will answer without horns and without teeth. Unless I am convicted by scripture and plain reason - I do not accept the authority of popes and councils for they have contradicted each other - my conscience is captive to the Word of God. I cannot and I will not recant anything, for to go against conscience is neither right nor safe. Here I stand, I cannot do otherwise, God help me. Amen."
    29. 29. When urged to recant his ideas, Luther declared: "Since your majesty and your lordships desire a simple reply, I will answer without horns and without teeth. Unless I am convicted by scripture and plain reason - I do not accept the authority of popes and councils for they have contradicted each other - my conscience is captive to the Word of God. I cannot and I will not recant anything, for to go against conscience is neither right nor safe. Here I stand, I cannot do otherwise, God help me. Amen." Primacy of Conscience
    30. 30. The Response to Luther ✦ The pope excommunicates Luther ✦ The Holy Roman emperor declares Luther a heretic and outlaw ✦ German peasants revolt in 1524 ✦ The Holy Roman emperor wages war against the Protestant princes of Germany ✦ Peace of Augsburg, 1555
    31. 31. England Becomes Protestant ✦ The pope refuses to annul King Henry VIII’s marriage ✦ Henry asks Parliament to end the pope’s power in England ✦ Parliament passes the Act of Supremacy in 1534 ✦ Clashes over religious reform heighten when Henry’s heirs take the throne ✦ Elizabeth I returns England to Protestantism
    32. 32. English vs German reasons
    33. 33. 17.4 The Reformation Continues ✦ Explain John Calvin’s Protestant teachings and their spread throughout northern and western Europe ✦ Describe the beliefs of other reformers and the roles of women in the Reformation ✦ Trace the reforms within the Catholic Church
    34. 34. Calvin Begins Another Protestant Church ✦ John Calvin creates a system of Protestant theology ✦ Calvin runs the city of Geneva as a theocracy ✦ Scottish, Swiss, Dutch, and French reformers adopt a Calvinist form of church organization

    ×