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Ch 10 Slides
 

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  • Peace be upon you <br /> <br /> And upon you be peace
  • Polytheistic
  • Polytheistic
  • Polytheistic
  • Quran or Koran <br /> sunna <br /> Sharia
  • Trade, including sakks

Ch 10 Slides Ch 10 Slides Presentation Transcript

  • The Muslim World, 600 — 1250 Ch 10
  • Asalaam 'Alaykum Wa `Alaykum as-Salaam
  • During this time Islam spread through Southwest and Central Asia and into parts of Africa and Europe. Tolerance of other cultures and a focus on learning helped Muslim leaders create a huge empire.
  • 1. Explain how Muhammad unified the Arab people politically and through religion 2. Describe how Muhammad’s successors spread Islam and how rivalries split Islam 3. Summarize Abbasid society, Muslim accomplishments in art and science, and Muslim attitudes toward philosophy and religion.
  • 10.1 The Rise of Islam
  • Muhammad unified the Arab people both politically and through Islam. 1. Describe Arabia before the rise of Islam 2. Explain how Muhammad began to unify the Arabian Peninsula under Islam 3. Identify Islamic beliefs and practices
  • Bedouin
  • Bedouin
  • Bedouin
  • Bedouin
  • desert oasis
  • desert oasis
  • desert oasis
  • desert oasis
  • Muhammad 40, revealed word of God through the angel Gabriel 622, Hijrah from Mecca to Yathrib (Medina) umma 630, return to Mecca
  • Muhammad 40, revealed word of God through the angel Gabriel 622, Hijrah from Mecca to Yathrib (Medina) umma 630, return to Mecca
  • Muslim christian is to as is to Christianity Islam
  • Muslim Jew is to as is to Judaism Islam
  • American Muslim is to one born in is to as the Islam United States of America
  • Muslim a Wildcat is to is to as a student Islam at SI
  • Muslim individual Islam religion
  • 5 Pillars of Faith
  • Faith Shahada "There is no god but Allah, and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah" ‫ﺃﺷﻬﺪ ﺃﻥ ﻻ ﺇﻟﻪ ﺇﻻﱠ ﺍﷲ ﻭ ﺃﺷﻬﺪ ﺃﻥ ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺍ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ‬ ʾašhadu ʾan laa ilāha illa (A)llāh, wa ʾašhadu ʾanna Muḥammada(n) rasūlo (A)llāh
  • Prayer Salah
  • Alms Zakat
  • Fasting Sawm during Ramadan
  • Pilgrimage Hajj
  • Pilgrimage Hajj
  • Pilgrimage Hajj
  • Pilgrimage Hajj
  • Pilgrimage Hajj
  • Pilgrimage Hajj
  • Pilgrimage Hajj
  • Qu’ran sunna sharia
  • Without depicting Muhammad or God, students will illustrate a storyboard of the assigned section of the text, paying particular attention to specifics. 1. Deserts, Towns, and Trade Routes 2. and 7. Revelations 3. The Hijrah 4. Returning to Mecca 5. The Five Pillars 6. A Way of Life & Sources of Authority
  • 10.2 Islam Expands
  • In spite of internal conflicts, the Muslims created a huge empire that included lands on three continents. 1. Describe how Muhammad’s successors spread Islam 2. List conflicts within the Umayyad state 3. Explain how rivalries split Islam
  • 632, Muhammad died 632, Abu-Bakr, first “Rightly-Guided Caliph” Umar, Uthman, and Ali Reasons for success? Treatment of conquered?
  • Uthman murdered, Ali elected caliph then murdered Umayyads take control Moved capital to Damascus Surrounded selves with luxury
  • Shi’a Sunni Sufi
  • 750 — 1258 Abbasid Empire
  • Fatimid caliphate, among others, follow Trade, including sakks
  • 10.3 Muslim Culture
  • Muslims combined and preserved the traditions of many peoples and also advanced learning in a variety of areas. 1. Describe society under the Abbasids 2. Identify Muslim accomplishments in art and science 3. Describe Muslim attitudes toward philosophy and religion