Ch 05 Slides

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Ch 5, keyed to World History: Patterns of Interaction, minus clips from the Simpsons, Troy, and 300.

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Ch 05 Slides

  1. 1. CLASSICAL GREECE Ch 5
  2. 2. 1. How were the Greek states organized during the Mycenaean period? 2. Why was the polis the most characteristic Greek institution? 3. What features distinguished archaic Greek society? 4. Why were the Greek able to defeat the Persians? 5. What were the causes of the Peloponnesian War? 6. What were the main cultural achievements of classical Greece?
  3. 3. Black Sea o nt H ellesp Ae Ion gea ian n Mediterranean
  4. 4. BRONZE AGE, PRIOR TO 1150 BCE Minoans on Crete, 2000-1700 BCE Indo-European migrations, 2200 BCE Mycenaean civ, 1500-1100 BCE 1200 BCE, Trojan War chaos & invasion after 1100, BCE Dorians, 1150-750 BCE Myths
  5. 5. Polis (pl. poleis) originally referred to a citadel or fortified site. In the absence of centralized authority, the polis became an urban center monarchy aristocracy oligarchy tyrants
  6. 6. Athens Sparta
  7. 7. SPARTA 1100-200 BCE, undefeated for 700 years conquered Laconian plain, subjugated neighbors as helots by 6th century, helots outnumbered Spartans Developed a militaristic culture to survive 480 BCE, Battle of Thermopylae
  8. 8. PERSIAN WARS 546 BCE, Persia invades Ionia (former Troy) 490 BCE, Battle of Marathon Athenians defeat Darius 480 BCE, Xerxes moves to invade Delian league formed Athens emerges as the most powerful polis
  9. 9. §3 DEMOCRACYAND GREECE’S GOLDEN AGE
  10. 10. Athens Sparta
  11. 11. ATHENS Class struggles 621 BCE, Draco’s Code 594 BCE, Solon’s reforms Direct democracy “citizenship”
  12. 12. Pericles strengthen Athenian democracy hold & strengthen the empire glorify Athens
  13. 13. GREEK ART Tragedy hubris leads to hamartia Sophicles’ Oedipus Rex Comedy History Herodotus & Thucydides
  14. 14. PELOPONNESIAN WAR 431 BCE, Sparta declares war on Athens Plague strikes Athens 421 BCE truce 415 BCE, Athens attacks Sicily 404 BCE, Athens surrenders
  15. 15. SOCRATES “Beware the barrenness of a busy life.” “I am the wisest man alive because I know one thing: I know nothing” “It is not living that matters, but living rightly” “The unexamined life is not worth living” Hemlock
  16. 16. PLATO “Death is not the worst that can happen to men” “Only the dead have seen the end of war” “Necessity, who is the mother of invention”
  17. 17. ARISTOTLE “A friend is a second self ” “Poverty is the parent of revolution and crime” “The gods too are fond of a joke” “We make war that our children may live in peace” tutored Alexander
  18. 18. HELLENIZATION
  19. 19. Hecataeus’ world map, 476 BCE
  20. 20. Philip II unites Greece, 338 BCE Alexander III assumes crown at 20
  21. 21. Defeats Darius III three times Conquers Persia, Egypt, India - combines with Greece ... fought for eleven years and marched 11,000 miles Hellenization
  22. 22. Map of Eratosthenes, 276 BCE
  23. 23. “When Alexander saw the breadth of his domain, he wept for there were no more worlds to conquer” - Plutarch, 46-120 CE
  24. 24. Library at Alexandria, Egypt Aristarchus, Ptolemy, and Eraosthenes - astronomy Euclid, Archimedes - geometry & physics Zeno & Epicurus - philosophy

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