Ch 04 Slides

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to accompany McDougal Littell's World History: Patterns of Interaction

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  • Hyksos invasions, 1640 - 1570 BCE
    1600 warrior pharoahs reclaim Egypt
  • Thutmose III, warlike - pushed down into Nubia
    1400 Egypt attacks the Hittites in Anatolia
    Ramses II signs peace treaty
  • After war with Hittites, New Kingdom enters a Golden Age of building
    Abu-Simbal
  • Nubians copied & continued Egyptian culture
  • n.b. ASSYRIA
  • Goddess Ishtar
  • Dependent states w/ Tribute . . . or else . . .
    Ashurbanipal & his Library
  • Persian king castrates 400 leaders & elders of Assyria
    Assyrians converted to Christianity w/ the Apostle Thomas - brought Christianity to China, Japan, Philippines
  • Confucius
    Laozi
    Hanfeizi & Li Si
  • Ch 04 Slides

    1. 1. First Age of Empires Chapter 4
    2. 2. 4.1 Egyptian and Nubian Empires
    3. 3. 4.1 Outcomes ✤ Explain why the Hyksos were able to invade Egypt ✤ Identify key events in the history and decline of Egypt’s New Kingdom ✤ Describe the Kushite conquest of Egypt ✤ Summarize the achievements of Meroe
    4. 4. Hatshepsut 1472 BCE
    5. 5. Hatshepsut’s mortuary at Deir el-Bahri
    6. 6. 1400 BCE
    7. 7. Temple of Nefertitti
    8. 8. Decline of New Kingdom Primary problems Consequences Famines, land shortages, Exposure to invasion and sizeable migrations Limited areas of soil Sea Peoples exploit fertility instability Occasional grain Kushite kingdom shortages invades
    9. 9. Kingdom of Nubia
    10. 10. Kush, led by Piankhi Meroe
    11. 11. Balance of Power
    12. 12. 4.2 The Assyrian Empire
    13. 13. Assyria developed a dominant military and established a well-organized administration until revolts wore down the empire. 1. Analyze the sources of Assyrian military strength 2. Evaluate Assyrian achievements 3. Trace the Assyrian decline
    14. 14. 850 BCE, Assyria rises Sennacherib destroyed 89 cities and 820 villages, burned Babylon and ordered tens of thousands killed Advances SW to Egypt Esarhaddon: “I tore up the root of Kush, and not one therein escaped to submit to me”
    15. 15. Technology Strategies ✤ Leather & metal body ✤ Siege armour ✤ Pontoon bridges ✤ Metal helmets ✤ Dug beneath walls ✤ Iron swords and spears ✤ Archers cleared walls ✤ Ladders ✤ Battering rams for gates ✤ No mercy
    16. 16. Archers & ladders
    17. 17. Tunneling
    18. 18. Battering ram
    19. 19. 612 BCE, Medes & Chaldeans unite Chaldeans rebuild Babylon, 600 BCE Nebuchadnezzar Hanging Gardens of Babylon 350 BCE, Assyrians try to reunite . . . 33 CE - 1300, Assyrian missionaries
    20. 20. 4.3 Persia Unites Many Lands
    21. 21. ✤ Explain the rise of the Persian Empire ✤ Describe the unique features of the Persian government and its official religion, Zoroastrianism
    22. 22. Zoroastrianism Founded between 8th & 6th century BCE First monotheistic religion in recorded history Only one Creator and supreme force, Ahura Mazda Lesser gods, and two controlling forces asha (truth, righteousness, existance, etc) and druj (the opposites)
    23. 23. Cyrus, conquered from 550 to 539 BCE Son, Cambyses, did not rule long Darius takes throne in 521 BCE satrap Royal Road...
    24. 24. “It is said that as many days as there are in the whole journey, so many are the men and horses that stand along the road, each horse and man at the interval of a day’s journey; and these are stayed neither by snow nor rain nor heat nor darkness from accomplishing their appointed course with all speed.” - Herodotus
    25. 25. “Neither snow, nor rain, nor heat, nor gloom of night stays these couriers from the swift completion of their appointed rounds” - carved over the entrance to the central post office building in New York City.
    26. 26. 4.4 Unification of China
    27. 27. 1.Compare the Chinese ethical systems that arose in the late Zhou period 2.Describe the impact of the Qin Dynasty on Chinese history
    28. 28. Confucianism Daoism Legalism
    29. 29. 240-202 BCE, Qin Dynasty Shi Huangdi Great Wall of China
    30. 30. • Mini-poster summarizing the history & beliefs of assigned Ethical System. •Illustrate how a follower would respond to one of the following: a.Being drafted into war (do you go willingly or not? why?) b.Winning the lottery (Share your winnings? With who? Why or why not?) c.Being subpoenaed to testify against a friend or family member (Do you lie or tell the truth under oath?) d.Disposing of household garbage (walk 5-miles to dump, or hide in forest?) 1 = Confucianism 2 = Daoism 3 = Legalism

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