Ch 03 Slides

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Slides to accompany Ch 3 of World History: Patterns of Interaction

Slides to accompany Ch 3 of World History: Patterns of Interaction

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  • Om (or Aum), symbol of Brahman and infinite syllable
  • Dharmachakra
    8 spokes = 8fold Path
  • No military fortifications
    Earliest “European” culture
    Efficient bureacracy - lots of records
    Trade throughout Med
    Earthquakes in 1500 BCE
  • No military fortifications
    Earliest “European” culture
    Efficient bureacracy - lots of records
    Trade throughout Med
    Earthquakes in 1500 BCE
  • No military fortifications
    Earliest “European” culture
    Efficient bureacracy - lots of records
    Trade throughout Med
    Earthquakes in 1500 BCE
  • Murex
  • Talmud = “instruction, learning”
    Mishnah = first written compendium of Jewish law (c. 200 CE)
    Gemara = rabbinic discussion

Transcript

  • 1. People & Ideas on the Move Chapter 3
  • 2. 3.1 The Indo- Europeans
  • 3. Indo-Europeans migrated into Europe, India, and Southwest Asia and interacted with peoples living there. 1. Describe the spread of Indo-Europeans and their language 2. Identify the Hittite empire and effects of its technology on other societies 3. Summarize the possible Aryan invasion of India and the culture that resulted
  • 4. 3.2 Hinduism & Buddhism
  • 5. Hinduism
  • 6. Hinduism 750-550 BCE, Upanishads moksha reincarnation karma Jainism Mahavira, founder
  • 7. Brahma Vishnu Shiva
  • 8. Buddhism
  • 9. Buddhism Siddhartha Gautama, died ~400 BCE 4 Noble Truths Nirvana through the Middle Way sangha & dharma
  • 10. Theravada: strict spiritual discipline of the Buddha Mahayana: salvation to all through popular worship
  • 11. 3.3 Seafaring Traders
  • 12. Trading societies extended the development of civilization beyond the Fertile Crescent region. 1. Describe Minoan civilization 2. Identify contributions of the Phoenicians 3. Summarize the extent and impact of world trade
  • 13. Minoan Palace at Knossos
  • 14. Minoan Palace at Knossos
  • 15. Minoan Palace at Knossos
  • 16. Minoan Palace at Knossos
  • 17. Phoenicia
  • 18. Phoenicia
  • 19. Phoenicia
  • 20. Phoenicia
  • 21. Phoenicia
  • 22. Phoenicia 1200 - 900 BCE Centered in Syria & Lebanon Collection of city-states Phonetic alphabet Sea trade Cultural and economic empire
  • 23. 3.4 Origins of Judaism
  • 24. Despite challenges, the Hebrews maintained monotheistic beliefs that were unique in the ancient world. 1. Summarize the history and beliefs of the ancient Hebrews 2. Explain the historical and cultural importance of the Exodus 3. Describe Israel under Saul, David, and Solomon 4. Describe Israel’s destruction and the Hebrews’ exile in Babylon
  • 25. Palestine was Canaan The Torah Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy Abraham 1800 BCE, Canaan 1650 BCE, Egypt Monotheism
  • 26. Hebrews migrated to Egypt to avoid draught & famine - but then enslaved. Fled captivity between 1300 -1200 BCE, led by Moses Legend says the Hebrews wandered the Sinai Desert for 40 years 10 Commandments . . .
  • 27. The Old Testament
  • 28. Hebrew law Mishna Hebrew bible • Torah • Prophets Talmud • Writings Talmud • Mishnah • Gemara Gemara
  • 29. What do you notice about the first four commandments as opposed to the last six? Which two are stated in the positive form? Why? How would you characterize the difference between the Ten Commandments and Hammurabi’s Code?
  • 30. 12 Tribes down to Judah (Jews & Judaism) Saul David Solomon