Central Asia and the Middle East’s history is largely
determined by its geography, meager natural resources, lack
of biodiversity, and location along trade routes.
How were human populations affected by the various
geographic and climate related features of Central Asia
and the Middle East?
How did the existence of various religious and ethical
systems in the region affect the political and cultural
organization of Central Asia and Middle Eastern
Explain the role that trade played in the economic
development of Central Asia and Middle East cultures.
2.3 Planned Cities on
The first Indian civilization built well-
planned cities on the banks of the Indus
Describe the impact of geography on the
Indus Valley culture.
What major concepts characterize Indus
Valley cities and culture?
List theories about the decline of Indus
3.1 The Indo-
Indo-Europeans migrated into Europe, India,
and Southwest Asia and interacted with peoples
1. Describe the spread of Indo-Europeans and
2. Identify the Hittite empire and effects of its
technology on other societies
3. Summarize the possible Aryan invasion of
India and the culture that resulted
Siddhartha Gautama, died ~400 BCE
4 Noble Truths
Nirvana through the Middle Way
sangha & dharma
7.1 India’s First
The Mauryas and the Guptas established
empires, but neither unified India
Trace the rise and fall of India’s first
Compare events in India’s three regions
after the fall of the Mauryan Empire
Describe the rise of the Gupta Empire
Murdered by a traitor and a coward
whose name is not worthy to appear
A gentle man and a gentleman
The body of Benjamin Franklin, printer
(like the cover of an old book,
its contents worn out, and stript of its
lettering and gilding) lies here, food
for worms. Yet the work itself shall not
lost, for it will, as he believed, appear
once more In a new and more
beautiful edition, corrected and
amended by its Author.
An American soldier and Defender of
Truth and History. 21 Men. The Boy
He died as he lived.
William H Bonney
To save your world, you asked this man
Would this man, could he see you now,
an unknown soldier
Here lies an American solider,
known but to God.
The Tomb of the Unknown Soldier,
Arlington National Cemetary
Epitaph, incl. name, major accomplishment,
and significance to Indian history.
1. Chandragupta Maurya
3. Chandra Gupta I
4. Chandra Gupta II
7.2 Trade Spreads
Indian Religions &
Explain how and why religion changed
Describe Indian literature, art, science,
Summarize Indian trade and its effects
on India and other Asian cultures.
The Mongols, a nomadic people from the
steppe, conquered settled societies across
much of Asia.
1. Describe the geography of the steppe and
the lifestyle of the nomads
2. Explain Ghenghis Khan’s successes
3. Summarize the extent of the Mongol
Empire and its divisions
12.3 The Mongol
Summarize Kublai Khan’s conquest
Describe Mongol rule in China
Explain the fall of Mongol rule