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Americas Review
              Spring 2008 Final
                    Mrs. Lozano
Chapter 16, 20 and 24.1
Chapter 16.4-The Inca Create
          a Mountain Empire
Chapter 16.4-The Inca Create
          a Mountain Empire
Chapter 16.4-The Inca Create
           a Mountain Empire

 Inca-settle in the Valley of Cuzco-1200s
  develop kingdom
Chapter 16.4-The Inca Create
           a Mountain Empire

 Inca-settle in the Valley of Cuzco-1200s
  develop kingdom
  ...
Chapter 16.4-The Inca Create
           a Mountain Empire

 Inca-settle in the Valley of Cuzco-1200s
  develop kingdom
  ...
Chapter 16.4-The Inca Create
           a Mountain Empire

 Inca-settle in the Valley of Cuzco-1200s
  develop kingdom
  ...
Chapter 16.4-The Inca Create
           a Mountain Empire

 Inca-settle in the Valley of Cuzco-1200s
  develop kingdom
  ...
Chapter 20-The Atlantic World
Chapter 20-The Atlantic World
1492 Columbus arrives in the Caribbean and
 begins Spanish colonialism in the Americas.
Chapter 20-The Atlantic World
1492 Columbus arrives in the Caribbean and
 begins Spanish colonialism in the Americas.
Po...
Chapter 20-The Atlantic World
1492 Columbus arrives in the Caribbean and
 begins Spanish colonialism in the Americas.
Po...
Chapter 20-The Atlantic World
Chapter 20-The Atlantic World
-Native Americans begin dying from disease and
     exploitation-more slaved are needed
Chapter 20-The Atlantic World
-Native Americans begin dying from disease and
     exploitation-more slaved are needed
-Atl...
Chapter 20-The Atlantic World
-Native Americans begin dying from disease and
     exploitation-more slaved are needed
-Atl...
Chapter 20-The Atlantic World
-Native Americans begin dying from disease and
     exploitation-more slaved are needed
-Atl...
Chapter 20-The Atlantic World
-Native Americans begin dying from disease and
     exploitation-more slaved are needed
-Atl...
Chapter 20-The Atlantic World
-Native Americans begin dying from disease and
     exploitation-more slaved are needed
-Atl...
6
 Capitalism-economic system based on private ownership and
  the investment of wealth for profit




                    ...
 Capitalism-economic system based on private ownership and
  the investment of wealth for profit
 Increase in the money ...
 Capitalism-economic system based on private ownership and
  the investment of wealth for profit
 Increase in the money ...
 Capitalism-economic system based on private ownership and
  the investment of wealth for profit
 Increase in the money ...
 Capitalism-economic system based on private ownership and
  the investment of wealth for profit
 Increase in the money ...
 Capitalism-economic system based on private ownership and
  the investment of wealth for profit
 Increase in the money ...
 Capitalism-economic system based on private ownership and
  the investment of wealth for profit
 Increase in the money ...
8
9
Diseases-smallpoz, influenza, measles,
 malaria, diptheria, whooping cough,
 typhus




                                   9
Nationalist Revolutions
Nationalist Revolutions
Nationalism
Nationalist Revolutions
Nationalism
 -belief that ones greatest loyalty should be to a nation of
  people that share a co...
Nationalist Revolutions
Nationalism
 -belief that ones greatest loyalty should be to a nation of
  people that share a co...
Nationalist Revolutions
Nationalism
 -belief that ones greatest loyalty should be to a nation of
  people that share a co...
Nationalist Revolutions
Nationalism
 -belief that ones greatest loyalty should be to a nation of
  people that share a co...
Nationalist Revolutions
Nationalism
 -belief that ones greatest loyalty should be to a nation of
  people that share a co...
Nationalist Revolutions
Nationalism
 -belief that ones greatest loyalty should be to a nation of
  people that share a co...
Nationalist Revolutions
Nationalism
 -belief that ones greatest loyalty should be to a nation of
  people that share a co...
Nationalist Revolutions
Nationalism
 -belief that ones greatest loyalty should be to a nation of
  people that share a co...
Creoles-
Creoles-
 -Spaniards born in Latin America-most educated
Creoles-
 -Spaniards born in Latin America-most educated
Mulattos-mixed European and African heritage
Creoles-
 -Spaniards born in Latin America-most educated
Mulattos-mixed European and African heritage
Mestizo- European...
Creoles-
 -Spaniards born in Latin America-most educated
Mulattos-mixed European and African heritage
Mestizo- European...
Creoles-
 -Spaniards born in Latin America-most educated
Mulattos-mixed European and African heritage
Mestizo- European...
Creoles-
 -Spaniards born in Latin America-most educated
Mulattos-mixed European and African heritage
Mestizo- European...
Creoles-
 -Spaniards born in Latin America-most educated
Mulattos-mixed European and African heritage
Mestizo- European...
Creoles-
 -Spaniards born in Latin America-most educated
Mulattos-mixed European and African heritage
Mestizo- European...
Creoles-
 -Spaniards born in Latin America-most educated
Mulattos-mixed European and African heritage
Mestizo- European...
Mexico
Mexico
Padre Hidalgo -took first step towards independence
 “Grito de Dolores”-defeated and died
Mexico
Padre Hidalgo -took first step towards independence
 “Grito de Dolores”-defeated and died
Morelos led for 4 year...
Americas 08 Review
Americas 08 Review
Americas 08 Review
Americas 08 Review
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Transcript of "Americas 08 Review"

  1. 1. Americas Review Spring 2008 Final Mrs. Lozano Chapter 16, 20 and 24.1
  2. 2. Chapter 16.4-The Inca Create a Mountain Empire
  3. 3. Chapter 16.4-The Inca Create a Mountain Empire
  4. 4. Chapter 16.4-The Inca Create a Mountain Empire  Inca-settle in the Valley of Cuzco-1200s develop kingdom
  5. 5. Chapter 16.4-The Inca Create a Mountain Empire  Inca-settle in the Valley of Cuzco-1200s develop kingdom -Incan Road system-most spectacular public works-spanned the empire
  6. 6. Chapter 16.4-The Inca Create a Mountain Empire  Inca-settle in the Valley of Cuzco-1200s develop kingdom -Incan Road system-most spectacular public works-spanned the empire -shelter for travelers along roads
  7. 7. Chapter 16.4-The Inca Create a Mountain Empire  Inca-settle in the Valley of Cuzco-1200s develop kingdom -Incan Road system-most spectacular public works-spanned the empire -shelter for travelers along roads -chasquis-system of runners like postal service
  8. 8. Chapter 16.4-The Inca Create a Mountain Empire  Inca-settle in the Valley of Cuzco-1200s develop kingdom -Incan Road system-most spectacular public works-spanned the empire -shelter for travelers along roads -chasquis-system of runners like postal service -allowed for easy movement of troops to control empire
  9. 9. Chapter 20-The Atlantic World
  10. 10. Chapter 20-The Atlantic World 1492 Columbus arrives in the Caribbean and begins Spanish colonialism in the Americas.
  11. 11. Chapter 20-The Atlantic World 1492 Columbus arrives in the Caribbean and begins Spanish colonialism in the Americas. Portugal believed Columbus had reached Asian lands claimed by them. 1493-Pope Alexander VI draws the Line of Demarcation-North and south line through Atlantic Ocean-east- Portugal , west-Spain. Portugal claimed to mch to Spain-land moved farther west. 1494-Treaty of Tordesillas signed to honor line
  12. 12. Chapter 20-The Atlantic World 1492 Columbus arrives in the Caribbean and begins Spanish colonialism in the Americas. Portugal believed Columbus had reached Asian lands claimed by them. 1493-Pope Alexander VI draws the Line of Demarcation-North and south line through Atlantic Ocean-east- Portugal , west-Spain. Portugal claimed to mch to Spain-land moved farther west. 1494-Treaty of Tordesillas signed to honor line Spain utilized their weaponry, diseases and often the aid of native groups to build conquer the Americas and build an Empire.
  13. 13. Chapter 20-The Atlantic World
  14. 14. Chapter 20-The Atlantic World -Native Americans begin dying from disease and exploitation-more slaved are needed
  15. 15. Chapter 20-The Atlantic World -Native Americans begin dying from disease and exploitation-more slaved are needed -Atlantic Slave Trade-buying and selling of African for work in the Americas
  16. 16. Chapter 20-The Atlantic World -Native Americans begin dying from disease and exploitation-more slaved are needed -Atlantic Slave Trade-buying and selling of African for work in the Americas Triangular trade-network of trade networks crisscrossing the northern and southern colonies, the West Indies, England, Europe, and Africa-fur, fruit, tar, tobacco and African slaves
  17. 17. Chapter 20-The Atlantic World -Native Americans begin dying from disease and exploitation-more slaved are needed -Atlantic Slave Trade-buying and selling of African for work in the Americas Triangular trade-network of trade networks crisscrossing the northern and southern colonies, the West Indies, England, Europe, and Africa-fur, fruit, tar, tobacco and African slaves Middle Passage-voyage that brought captured Africans to the West Indies and later to North and South America
  18. 18. Chapter 20-The Atlantic World -Native Americans begin dying from disease and exploitation-more slaved are needed -Atlantic Slave Trade-buying and selling of African for work in the Americas Triangular trade-network of trade networks crisscrossing the northern and southern colonies, the West Indies, England, Europe, and Africa-fur, fruit, tar, tobacco and African slaves Middle Passage-voyage that brought captured Africans to the West Indies and later to North and South America Columbian Exchange-global exchange of foods,plants and animals during the colonization of the Americas
  19. 19. Chapter 20-The Atlantic World -Native Americans begin dying from disease and exploitation-more slaved are needed -Atlantic Slave Trade-buying and selling of African for work in the Americas Triangular trade-network of trade networks crisscrossing the northern and southern colonies, the West Indies, England, Europe, and Africa-fur, fruit, tar, tobacco and African slaves Middle Passage-voyage that brought captured Africans to the West Indies and later to North and South America Columbian Exchange-global exchange of foods,plants and animals during the colonization of the Americas Commercial Revolution-new wealth from Americas and growth in overseas trade-change economic atmosphere
  20. 20. 6
  21. 21.  Capitalism-economic system based on private ownership and the investment of wealth for profit 6
  22. 22.  Capitalism-economic system based on private ownership and the investment of wealth for profit  Increase in the money supply and Inflation-steady rise in the price of goods-more money=more demand for goods=goods become scarce and valuable 6
  23. 23.  Capitalism-economic system based on private ownership and the investment of wealth for profit  Increase in the money supply and Inflation-steady rise in the price of goods-more money=more demand for goods=goods become scarce and valuable  joint-stock company-group of people combining wealth for a common purpose-business venture 6
  24. 24.  Capitalism-economic system based on private ownership and the investment of wealth for profit  Increase in the money supply and Inflation-steady rise in the price of goods-more money=more demand for goods=goods become scarce and valuable  joint-stock company-group of people combining wealth for a common purpose-business venture  mercantilism-country’s power depended on wealth- 6
  25. 25.  Capitalism-economic system based on private ownership and the investment of wealth for profit  Increase in the money supply and Inflation-steady rise in the price of goods-more money=more demand for goods=goods become scarce and valuable  joint-stock company-group of people combining wealth for a common purpose-business venture  mercantilism-country’s power depended on wealth-  How could a country increase its wealth and power? 6
  26. 26.  Capitalism-economic system based on private ownership and the investment of wealth for profit  Increase in the money supply and Inflation-steady rise in the price of goods-more money=more demand for goods=goods become scarce and valuable  joint-stock company-group of people combining wealth for a common purpose-business venture  mercantilism-country’s power depended on wealth-  How could a country increase its wealth and power?  more gold and silver or favorable balance of trade-sold more goods than bought 6
  27. 27.  Capitalism-economic system based on private ownership and the investment of wealth for profit  Increase in the money supply and Inflation-steady rise in the price of goods-more money=more demand for goods=goods become scarce and valuable  joint-stock company-group of people combining wealth for a common purpose-business venture  mercantilism-country’s power depended on wealth-  How could a country increase its wealth and power?  more gold and silver or favorable balance of trade-sold more goods than bought  Commercial Revolution=rise in merchant class-changed social mobility and towns and cities grew in size 6
  28. 28. 8
  29. 29. 9
  30. 30. Diseases-smallpoz, influenza, measles, malaria, diptheria, whooping cough, typhus 9
  31. 31. Nationalist Revolutions
  32. 32. Nationalist Revolutions Nationalism
  33. 33. Nationalist Revolutions Nationalism -belief that ones greatest loyalty should be to a nation of people that share a common culture and history
  34. 34. Nationalist Revolutions Nationalism -belief that ones greatest loyalty should be to a nation of people that share a common culture and history Haiti (formerly Saint Domingue)-1st Latin American Territory to free itself from European (French) rule
  35. 35. Nationalist Revolutions Nationalism -belief that ones greatest loyalty should be to a nation of people that share a common culture and history Haiti (formerly Saint Domingue)-1st Latin American Territory to free itself from European (French) rule Enslaved Africans- majority of population
  36. 36. Nationalist Revolutions Nationalism -belief that ones greatest loyalty should be to a nation of people that share a common culture and history Haiti (formerly Saint Domingue)-1st Latin American Territory to free itself from European (French) rule Enslaved Africans- majority of population Leader:
  37. 37. Nationalist Revolutions Nationalism -belief that ones greatest loyalty should be to a nation of people that share a common culture and history Haiti (formerly Saint Domingue)-1st Latin American Territory to free itself from European (French) rule Enslaved Africans- majority of population Leader: Toussaint L’Ouverture
  38. 38. Nationalist Revolutions Nationalism -belief that ones greatest loyalty should be to a nation of people that share a common culture and history Haiti (formerly Saint Domingue)-1st Latin American Territory to free itself from European (French) rule Enslaved Africans- majority of population Leader: Toussaint L’Ouverture Latin American society divided into classes based on birth
  39. 39. Nationalist Revolutions Nationalism -belief that ones greatest loyalty should be to a nation of people that share a common culture and history Haiti (formerly Saint Domingue)-1st Latin American Territory to free itself from European (French) rule Enslaved Africans- majority of population Leader: Toussaint L’Ouverture Latin American society divided into classes based on birth Highest-Peninsulares-
  40. 40. Nationalist Revolutions Nationalism -belief that ones greatest loyalty should be to a nation of people that share a common culture and history Haiti (formerly Saint Domingue)-1st Latin American Territory to free itself from European (French) rule Enslaved Africans- majority of population Leader: Toussaint L’Ouverture Latin American society divided into classes based on birth Highest-Peninsulares- -men born in Spain-could hold high office
  41. 41. Creoles-
  42. 42. Creoles- -Spaniards born in Latin America-most educated
  43. 43. Creoles- -Spaniards born in Latin America-most educated Mulattos-mixed European and African heritage
  44. 44. Creoles- -Spaniards born in Latin America-most educated Mulattos-mixed European and African heritage Mestizo- European and Indian heritage
  45. 45. Creoles- -Spaniards born in Latin America-most educated Mulattos-mixed European and African heritage Mestizo- European and Indian heritage Indians- treated as lowest class
  46. 46. Creoles- -Spaniards born in Latin America-most educated Mulattos-mixed European and African heritage Mestizo- European and Indian heritage Indians- treated as lowest class Libertadores-
  47. 47. Creoles- -Spaniards born in Latin America-most educated Mulattos-mixed European and African heritage Mestizo- European and Indian heritage Indians- treated as lowest class Libertadores- Simon Bolivar -wins independence for Venezuela
  48. 48. Creoles- -Spaniards born in Latin America-most educated Mulattos-mixed European and African heritage Mestizo- European and Indian heritage Indians- treated as lowest class Libertadores- Simon Bolivar -wins independence for Venezuela Jose de San Martin -defeats forces in Chile and turns army over to Bolivar
  49. 49. Creoles- -Spaniards born in Latin America-most educated Mulattos-mixed European and African heritage Mestizo- European and Indian heritage Indians- treated as lowest class Libertadores- Simon Bolivar -wins independence for Venezuela Jose de San Martin -defeats forces in Chile and turns army over to Bolivar Bolivar -defeats Spanish in Peru, winning freedom for Spanish colonies in America
  50. 50. Creoles- -Spaniards born in Latin America-most educated Mulattos-mixed European and African heritage Mestizo- European and Indian heritage Indians- treated as lowest class Libertadores- Simon Bolivar -wins independence for Venezuela Jose de San Martin -defeats forces in Chile and turns army over to Bolivar Bolivar -defeats Spanish in Peru, winning freedom for Spanish colonies in America Both fighting for-nationalism
  51. 51. Mexico
  52. 52. Mexico Padre Hidalgo -took first step towards independence “Grito de Dolores”-defeated and died
  53. 53. Mexico Padre Hidalgo -took first step towards independence “Grito de Dolores”-defeated and died Morelos led for 4 years-defeated- Itubirrde- eventually made peace with last rebel leader and granted Mexican independence
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