24 Nationalism Slides

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  • 24 Nationalism Slides

    1. 1. Nationalist Revolutions 1789-1900
    2. 2. Latin American Independence
    3. 3. • Describe how Haiti achieved independence • Toussaint L’Ouverture • General Jean-Jacques Dessalines • Identify influences in Latin America’s independence struggle • peninsulares, creoles, mulattos • King Joseph of Spain
    4. 4. Africans Creoles Indians Mestizos Mulattos Peninsulares
    5. 5. Peninsulares Creoles Mestizos Mulattos Africans Indians
    6. 6. • Describe how Bolivar and San Martin ended Spanish rule • Simon Bolivar in Venezuela • Jose de San Martin in Chile, and with Bolivar • Bolivar in Peru
    7. 7. • Explain the role that Native Americans and mestizos played in achieving independence • eg Mexico • Padre Miguel Hidalgo, “grito de delores” • Padre Jose Maria Morelos • Agustin de Iturbide • Show how Brazil’s liberation differed from other countries’ • Show the negative effects of independence
    8. 8. Revolutions in Europe
    9. 9. • Define “nationalism” • Describe how the nationalist spirit affected the Balkans • Revolt against the Ottoman Empire, which results in full independence for Greece
    10. 10. • Describe how revolutions and reforms affected Europe, especially France and Russia • 1830s and 1848, revolutions sweep Europe • 1848, French Republic formed • Louis-Napoleon is emperor within 4 years • Russia defeated in Crimean War, showing weakness of its industrial-complex • 1861, Czar Alexander II frees serfs, but successor tightens czarist control
    11. 11. 1821 1830 Revolts against the Old Order 1848
    12. 12. Nationalism
    13. 13. Nationalism • Nationality • History • Language • Religion • Culture • Territory
    14. 14. Nationalism • Nationality • History • Language • Religion • Culture • Territory Prioritize: most important to least important
    15. 15. Nationalism • Nationality • History • Language • Religion • Culture • Territory
    16. 16. Nationalism • Nationality • History • Language • Religion • Culture • Territory To what degree does the US have each element?
    17. 17. Nationalism • Nationality • History • Language • Religion • Culture • Territory
    18. 18. Cavour Unifies Italy • Mazzini attempts to unite Italy and free it from foreign rulers • Sardinia’s prime minister, Cavour, wins most of northern Italy from the Austrians • Cavour arranges to unite Italy under the Sardinian king • Following unification, Italy suffers severe political and economic problems
    19. 19. The Rise of Prussia • King William I of Prussia appoints Bismarck as prime minister • Bismarck goes to war to win two provinces from Denmark • The Prussians defeat the Austrians and gain control of a North German Confederation • Prussia defeats France, making Prussia the dominant force in Europe
    20. 20. Revolutions in Art
    21. 21. Romanticism • Literature • Goethe, Brothers Grimm, Victor Hugo • Gothic novel, such as Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein • Composers • Beethoven, Franz Listz, Mendelssohn, and Chopin
    22. 22. Romanticism the wedding with the prince was to be “When false sisters came, wanting to gain held, the two ith Cinderella and to share her good favor w n the bridal couple walked into the fortune. Whe the older sister walked on their right side • Literature church, d the younger on their left side, and the an • pigeons pecked out Grimm,from each of them. Goethe, Brothers one eye Victor Hugo as they came out of the church, the ds, Afterwarnovel, such as Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein • Gothic e was on the left side, and the younger older on e on the right side, and then the pigeons • Composers on out the other eye from each of them. And pecked • thus, for their wickeListz, Mendelssohn, they Chopin Beethoven, Franz dness and falsehood, and nished with blindness as long as they were pu lived.”
    23. 23. Romanticism • Literature • Goethe, Brothers Grimm, Victor Hugo • Gothic novel, such as Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein • Composers • Beethoven, Franz Listz, Mendelssohn, and Chopin
    24. 24. Romanticism • Literature • Goethe, Brothers Grimm, Victor Hugo • Gothic novel, such as Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein • Composers • Beethoven, Franz Listz, Mendelssohn, and Chopin
    25. 25. Realism • daguerreotypes • Novels by Honore de Balzac, Emile Zola, and Charles Dickens
    26. 26. Realism • daguerreotypes • Novels by Honore de Balzac, Emile Zola, and Charles Dickens
    27. 27. Impressionism • Painters such as Claude Monet, Edgar Degas, and Renoir • Composers such as Ravel and Debussy
    28. 28. Impressionism • Painters such as Claude Monet, Edgar Degas, and Renoir • Composers such as Ravel and Debussy

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