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13 Middle Ages Slides
 

13 Middle Ages Slides

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  • <br /> Used church funds to raise an army, build roads <br />
  • <br /> Negotiated peace treaties with armies like the Lombards <br />
  • <br /> By his death, church owned up to 1,800 square miles of farmland <br />
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13 Middle Ages Slides 13 Middle Ages Slides Presentation Transcript

  • European Middle Ages Chapter 13
  • 13.1 Charlemagne
  • The Middle Ages had roots in 1. the classical heritage of Rome, 2. the beliefs of the Roman Catholic Church, and 3. the customs of various Germanic tribes
  • 476 CE, Romulus Augustus, the last Roman Emperor was deposed by Odoacer, who had defeated the Vandals, but was in turn defeated by the Ostrogoths.
  • As a result of the Germanic invasions: Disruption of trade Downfall of cities Population shifts Decline of learning & loss of common language
  • The concept of government changes from central authority to local protector Clovis unites the Franks by 511, converting them to Christianity. By 600, most Germans have converted to Christianity.
  • Monasteries Benedict, 520 Scholastica
  • Monasteries Benedict, 520 Scholastica
  • Monasteries Benedict, 520 Scholastica
  • Pope Gregory I “secular” canonized immediately upon death by popular acclaim
  • Charles Martel, major domo Battle of Tours in 732 Carolingian Dynasty, 751 to 987 Pepin the Short anointed “king by the grace of god”
  • Charles Martel, major domo Battle of Tours in 732 Carolingian Dynasty, 751 to 987 Pepin the Short anointed “king by the grace of god”
  • Charles Martel, major domo Battle of Tours in 732 Carolingian Dynasty, 751 to 987 Pepin the Short anointed “king by the grace of god”
  • Charlemagne (Charles the Great) rules the Carolingian Dynasty, 771. Extends Frank rule, conquering all of western Europe Encouraged learning; Encouraged fair rule by counts Upon his death, Louis the Pious, then Louis’ 3 sons fight Treaty of Verdun divides empire
  • 13.2 Feudalism
  • Invaders attack western Europe 800-900, viking raids 793, Lindisfarne, England 1000,Leif Ericson reaches America 1100s, warming trend led to increased agriculture
  • Invaders attack western Europe 800-900, viking raids 793, Lindisfarne, England 1000,Leif Ericson reaches America 1100s, warming trend led to increased agriculture
  • Invaders attack western Europe 800-900, viking raids 793, Lindisfarne, England 1000,Leif Ericson reaches America 1100s, warming trend led to increased agriculture
  • Invaders attack western Europe 800-900, viking raids 793, Lindisfarne, England 1000,Leif Ericson reaches America 1100s, warming trend led to increased agriculture
  • Magyars invade from central Europe, spreading west. A nomadic people, the Magyars enslave Europeans that they conquer Muslims continue to attack from the south and southeast
  • Feudalism develops as a system of mutual protection based on personal loyalty and obligations.
  • Characteristics of Feudalism Strict division into social classes Private jurisdiction based on local custom Landholding system dependent on the fief, or fee
  • Characteristics of Feudalism Strict division into social classes Private jurisdiction based on local custom Landholding system dependent on the fief, or fee
  • Role of Women Noblewomen Could inherit estate Sometimes defended lands Mostly confined to home or convent Peasant Women Endless labor in home and fields, bearing children, and care of family
  • Terms to Know lord fief vassal serf manor tithe
  • 13.4 Church Power
  • Describe the Church’s hierarchy? How was the Church a “unifying force” during the Middle Ages? What are “sacraments”? What is “canon law”?
  • What three groups vied for power during the time of Otto I? What was the underlying question involved in Otto I’s relationship with the Church?
  • What is “lay investiture”? Why were Henry IV and Pope Gregory VII willing to accept the Concordat of Worms?
  • Why might Frederick I have used the name Holy Roman Empire instead of Otto I’s “Roman Empire of the German Nation”? What quality did Charlemagne, Otto I, and Frederick all have that allowed them to be successful rulers?