Jaguares En Costa Rica

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Power Point presentation about the jaguar research developed for the jaguar conservation program at the Universidad Nacional of Costa Rica.

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Jaguares En Costa Rica

  1. 1. 9:24 AM<br />1<br />
  2. 2. Jaguars (Pantheraonca) in Costa Rica.<br />Eduardo Carrillo, PhD<br />ecarrilloj@gmail.com<br />9:24 AM<br />2<br />
  3. 3. 9:24 AM<br />3<br />Where is Costa Rica ????<br />3<br />
  4. 4. Costa Rica is known for its efforts in create Protected Areas for Conservation <br />
  5. 5. 9:24 AM<br />5<br />However, to protect an area is not enough !!<br />
  6. 6. To generate information about the resources in the area (base line studies).<br />9:24 AM<br />6<br />
  7. 7. Long term monitoring of the natural resources (using indicator species??).<br />9:24 AM<br />7<br />
  8. 8. We began our studies in OSA in 1990.<br />
  9. 9. Jaguar (Panthera onca)<br />9:24 AM<br />9<br />
  10. 10. White-lipped peccary(Tayassu pecari)<br />9:24 AM<br />10<br />
  11. 11. Threats<br />Habitat loss<br />
  12. 12. Threats<br />Jaguar – people conflict<br />
  13. 13. Threats<br />Jaguar ‘s poaching<br />
  14. 14. Threats<br />Poaching of Jaguar’s preys<br />
  15. 15. So.... What did we do ??. We wanted to answer some questions:What was the jaguar’s movements and activities patterns?What was the predator prey relationship?<br />9:24 AM<br />15<br />
  16. 16. 20 Km<br />20 Km<br />Corcovado National Park<br />GolfoDulce Forest Reserve<br />PiedrasBlancas National Park<br />Reserva indígena Guaymí<br />Golfito Wildlife Refuge<br />9:24 AM<br />16<br />
  17. 17. Corcovado National Park<br />9:24 AM<br />17<br />
  18. 18. 9:24 AM<br />18<br />
  19. 19.
  20. 20. 9:24 AM<br />20<br />
  21. 21. Objective<br />To document the spatial and temporal movements of a jaguar in relation to the behavior of its major prey. <br />
  22. 22. Some questions…<br />What was the importance of marine turtles for jaguars?<br />How were jaguars using marine turtles and White-lipped peccaries?<br />
  23. 23. Methodology<br />
  24. 24. 9:24 AM<br />24<br />
  25. 25. Tortugas marinas<br />9:24 AM<br />25<br />
  26. 26. (3-7 days/month)<br />Beach surveyslocation mapbeach photo(frequency of surveys)<br />
  27. 27. 9:24 AM<br />27<br />
  28. 28. 9:24 AM<br />28<br />
  29. 29. 9:24 AM<br />29<br />
  30. 30.
  31. 31. Results<br />
  32. 32. Photo of turtle on the beach<br />Marine turtles<br />
  33. 33.
  34. 34. 9:24 AM<br />34<br />
  35. 35. Home range sizes (km2) of white-lipped peccaries<br />Season N Mean Range<br />_____________________________Dry 3 33.5 30.2-37.0Wet 3 32.8 30.8-35.5Both 3 35.3 32.0-37.8_______________________________________ <br />
  36. 36.
  37. 37.
  38. 38. Jaguar photo<br />Jaguars<br />
  39. 39. Proportion of 18 jaguar scats with remains of specific prey<br />White-lipped peccary 0.88<br />Collaredpeccary 0.37<br />Two toed-sloth 0.22<br />Three toed-sloth 0.11<br />Olive ridley turtle 0.11<br />White-faced monkey 0.05<br />Agouti 0.05<br />Toucan 0.05<br />
  40. 40. No. of jaguar prey located by telemetry<br />Species N<br />___________________________________________________________________<br />Olive ridley turtle 14<br />Pacific green turtle 2<br />White-lipped peccary 4<br />Red snapper (fish) 1<br />American crocodile 1<br />
  41. 41. Home range sizes (km2) of jaguars<br />Season Moon phase Mean Range<br />_____________________________________<br />Dry All 18.0 15.0-20.6<br />Wet All 19.9 18.2-22.3<br />Both First/Full 16.8 13.3-20.2<br />Both Last/New 12.5 9.2-15.7<br />Both All 20.6 19.0-23.0<br />
  42. 42.
  43. 43. 9:24 AM<br />43<br />
  44. 44. Some new questions…<br />What is the jaguar population in Corcovado National Park?<br />9:24 AM<br />44<br />
  45. 45. 9:24 AM<br />45<br />
  46. 46. We set up a camera trap survey in Corcovado National Park in 2003.<br />9:24 AM<br />46<br />
  47. 47. 9:24 AM<br />47<br />
  48. 48. 9:24 AM<br />48<br />
  49. 49. 9:24 AM<br />49<br />
  50. 50. We estimated the jaguar population in Corcovado National Park between 40 to 50 animals.<br />9:24 AM<br />50<br />
  51. 51. 9:24 AM<br />51<br />
  52. 52. 9:24 AM<br />52<br />
  53. 53. 9:24 AM<br />53<br />
  54. 54.
  55. 55. NICARAGUA<br />Costa Rica<br />PANAMA<br />9:24 AM<br />55<br />
  56. 56. 9:24 AM<br />56<br />
  57. 57. 9:24 AM<br />57<br />
  58. 58. 9:24 AM<br />58<br />
  59. 59. 9:24 AM<br />59<br />
  60. 60. 9:24 AM<br />60<br />
  61. 61. Thanks!!<br />Eduardo Carrillo, PhD.<br />ecarrilloj@gmail.com<br />9:24 AM<br />61<br />

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