0
The role of national university
rankings in an international context
The case of the I-UGR Rankings for Spanish universiti...
0. Rationale
University rankings have gained an undisputable position in
the research managers ‘toolkit’ for measuring the...
Main limitations
I. Technical errors and difficulties on the recollection of reliable
and standardized data
II. Criteria f...
Main limitations
I. Technical errors and difficulties on the recollection of reliable
and standardized data
II. Criteria f...
International rankings either include only world-class
universities, not covering national systems…
or
… ignore the muldis...
1. Rankings I-UGR
Why a national ranking
Spain is poorly represented in rankings
-> 11 univs in the Shanghai Ranking – 16 ...
~ First edition dates from 2010
~ Measures the research performance of universities -> Web
of Science -> Main database con...
Quantitative dimension
0. Rationale 1. Rankings I-UGR 2. Comparing rankings 3. Conclusions
The indicator -> IFQ2A- Index
Q...
The indicator -> IFQ2A- Index
0. Rationale 1. Rankings I-UGR 2. Comparing rankings 3. Conclusions
Can we combine national and international
rankings to offer a global picture of a
university system’s positioning?
2. Comp...
0. Rationale 1. Rankings I-UGR 2. Comparing rankings 3. Conclusions
World-Class universities
INTERNATIONAL RANKINGS
NATION...
0. Rationale 1. Rankings I-UGR 2. Comparing rankings 3. Conclusions
Selection criteria
 Based on the research dimension
...
0. Rationale 1. Rankings I-UGR 2. Comparing rankings 3. Conclusions
Selected international rankings
Shanghai Ranking
QS Ra...
0. Rationale 1. Rankings I-UGR 2. Comparing rankings 3. Conclusions
Matching fields between rankings
SHANGHAI RANKING RANK...
0. Rationale 1. Rankings I-UGR 2. Comparing rankings 3. Conclusions
Matching fields between rankings
The Shanghai Ranking ...
3. Conclusions
Can national rankings complement international
rankings?
National rankings are needed in state-oriented uni...
0. Rationale 1. Rankings I-UGR 2. Comparing rankings 3. Conclusions
Main conclusions and demands
I. There are discrepancie...
Thank you!
The role of university rankings in an international context:
The case of the I-UGR Rankings for Spanish univers...
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The role of national university rankings in an international context the case of the i ugr rankings of spanish universities

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Transcript of "The role of national university rankings in an international context the case of the i ugr rankings of spanish universities "

  1. 1. The role of national university rankings in an international context The case of the I-UGR Rankings for Spanish universities Authors: N Robinson-Garcia, JG Moreno-Torres, D Torres-Salinas, E Delgado López-Cózar, F Herrera
  2. 2. 0. Rationale University rankings have gained an undisputable position in the research managers ‘toolkit’ for measuring the state of health of higher education institutions … however, they present many shortcomings that prevent against a careless use…
  3. 3. Main limitations I. Technical errors and difficulties on the recollection of reliable and standardized data II. Criteria for ranking universities not scientifically supported III. Multidimensional nature of universities IV. Neglecting the disciplinary focus of universities V. International rankings do not reflect national university systems 0. Rationale 1. Rankings I-UGR 2. Comparing rankings 3. Conclusions
  4. 4. Main limitations I. Technical errors and difficulties on the recollection of reliable and standardized data II. Criteria for ranking universities not scientifically supported III. Multidimensional nature of universities IV. Neglecting the disciplinary focus of universities V. International rankings do not reflect national university systems 0. Rationale 1. Rankings I-UGR 2. Comparing rankings 3. Conclusions
  5. 5. International rankings either include only world-class universities, not covering national systems… or … ignore the muldisciplinary focus of universities 0. Rationale 1. Rankings I-UGR 2. Comparing rankings 3. Conclusions
  6. 6. 1. Rankings I-UGR Why a national ranking Spain is poorly represented in rankings -> 11 univs in the Shanghai Ranking – 16 in the Leiden Ranking <- Existing rankings at the moment were unsuitable -> Lack of continuity – disregard for disciplinary focus - … <-
  7. 7. ~ First edition dates from 2010 ~ Measures the research performance of universities -> Web of Science -> Main database considered for research policy ~ Offers 12 broad fields and 37 disciplines based on aggregates from the TS subject categories ~ Offers a five years-publication window and a ten years- publication window 0. Rationale 1. Rankings I-UGR 2. Comparing rankings 3. Conclusions Characteristics
  8. 8. Quantitative dimension 0. Rationale 1. Rankings I-UGR 2. Comparing rankings 3. Conclusions The indicator -> IFQ2A- Index Qualitative dimension NDOC - Publications NCIT – Citations H – H-Index %Q1 - Ratio of Q1 papers ACIT – Avg cit/paper TOPCIT– Ratio of 10% Highly Cited Papers 𝑸𝑵𝑰𝑭 = 𝑵𝑫𝑶𝑪 × 𝑵𝑪𝑰𝑻 × 𝑯 𝑸𝑳𝑰𝑭 = %𝑸𝟏 × 𝑨𝑪𝑰𝑻 × 𝑻𝑶𝑷𝑪𝑰𝑻
  9. 9. The indicator -> IFQ2A- Index 0. Rationale 1. Rankings I-UGR 2. Comparing rankings 3. Conclusions
  10. 10. Can we combine national and international rankings to offer a global picture of a university system’s positioning? 2. Comparing rankings
  11. 11. 0. Rationale 1. Rankings I-UGR 2. Comparing rankings 3. Conclusions World-Class universities INTERNATIONAL RANKINGS NATIONAL RANKINGS The rest of the universities
  12. 12. 0. Rationale 1. Rankings I-UGR 2. Comparing rankings 3. Conclusions Selection criteria  Based on the research dimension  Based on a reliable or consensed data source  Must offer rankings by fields
  13. 13. 0. Rationale 1. Rankings I-UGR 2. Comparing rankings 3. Conclusions Selected international rankings Shanghai Ranking QS Ranking NTU Ranking
  14. 14. 0. Rationale 1. Rankings I-UGR 2. Comparing rankings 3. Conclusions Matching fields between rankings SHANGHAI RANKING RANKINGS I-UGR RHO A Natural Sci & Math Math ; Physics ; Chemistry * ; -0.5 ; 0.5 0/3 ; 3/3 ; 2/3 QS RANKING RANKINGS I-UGR RHO A Chemical Engineering Chemical Engineering 0.84 4/7 NTU RANKING RANKINGS I-UGR RHO A Computer Science Computer Science 0.75 8/13
  15. 15. 0. Rationale 1. Rankings I-UGR 2. Comparing rankings 3. Conclusions Matching fields between rankings The Shanghai Ranking is the less consistent with the I-UGR Rankings as only two fields have high correlations… … while the NTU Ranking and the QS Ranking match better with the I-UGR Rankings.
  16. 16. 3. Conclusions Can national rankings complement international rankings? National rankings are needed in state-oriented university systems, as they provide an accurate picture on the state of universities… … international rankings are interesting for research policy makers as they put universities into a global context…
  17. 17. 0. Rationale 1. Rankings I-UGR 2. Comparing rankings 3. Conclusions Main conclusions and demands I. There are discrepancies between rankings due to: a. Methodology b. Construction of fields TRANSPARENCY AND CLARITY ON THE METHODOLOGY AND CONSTRUCTION OF FIELDS II. Despite methodological differences, it is possible to use both and combine them in a research policy context
  18. 18. Thank you! The role of university rankings in an international context: The case of the I-UGR Rankings for Spanish universities Authors: N Robinson-Garcia, JG Moreno-Torres, D Torres-Salinas, E Delgado López-Cózar, F Herrera Nicolás Robinson García elrobin@ugr.es http://www.ugr.es/~elrobin @nrobinsongarcia
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