4/26/2010
sales@ebusinessmantra.com               1
   Web Browser is a software that is installed on your
    computer. It is used to locate and display web
    pages and o...
   Finds the web server
   Takes your request and transports data
   Transports cookies
   Brings back content
   Pro...
   Enter a URL into a browser
    ◦ Breaks the URL into a host + path
       Asks a DNS server for an IP address for the...
   Internet Explorer (Microsoft)
   Firefox
   Safari
   Chrome
   Opera
   Konqueror
   Several others




       ...
4/26/2010
sales@ebusinessmantra.com               6
   Data set by the web site owner
   Data you enter in the form
   Information you request
   Cookies
   Operating Sy...
   Example URLs:
    ◦ http://www.somesite.com
    ◦ https://www.somesite.com
    http – data is unencrypted while transp...
4/26/2010
sales@ebusinessmantra.com               9
   Use one browser for your “important” surfing and another for “casual”
    browsing. That way data from one can't leak ...
 Always use the red “X”
            in the corner of a pop-up
            screen

             Never click “yes,”
      ...
An Internet firewall
                   is like a moat
                   around a castle,
                   creating a b...
   Search results may contain malicious web site
   Does it make sense?




                                            ...
   Keep passwords private and create ones that are
    hard to “crack”
   Use password checker (See resources)
    Neve...
   Avoid creating passwords using
    ◦ Dictionary words in any language.
      Words in all languages are vulnerable
  ...
   Web browser
    ◦ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Web_browser
   How browser works
    ◦ http://taligarsiel.com/Projects...
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Safer browsing

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Safer browsing

  1. 1. 4/26/2010 sales@ebusinessmantra.com 1
  2. 2.  Web Browser is a software that is installed on your computer. It is used to locate and display web pages and other online content. Behind the scene, a browser performs lot of functions but its key role is to take your request to the web server and bring the content to you and display it. 4/26/2010 sales@ebusinessmantra.com 2
  3. 3.  Finds the web server  Takes your request and transports data  Transports cookies  Brings back content  Processes the content and renders it  Executes scripts (code) 4/26/2010 sales@ebusinessmantra.com 3
  4. 4.  Enter a URL into a browser ◦ Breaks the URL into a host + path  Asks a DNS server for an IP address for the host  DNS server returns a IP address for that host ◦ Browser sends a request to the IP address  Path is used to determine what file to obtain  Data for web server to process, maintain state  Server replies to the request – HTML, PDF, mp3, etc. ◦ Browser reads the HTML file and asks for all the files referenced in the original HTML file  These additional files could be images, more HTML, or other types on content.  Additional files could reside on different hosts requiring more DNS requests  After browser gets all the pieces, it processes the data and renders a single “page”  Non-HTML file are opened in the browser of associated application. 4/26/2010 sales@ebusinessmantra.com 4
  5. 5.  Internet Explorer (Microsoft)  Firefox  Safari  Chrome  Opera  Konqueror  Several others 4/26/2010 sales@ebusinessmantra.com 5
  6. 6. 4/26/2010 sales@ebusinessmantra.com 6
  7. 7.  Data set by the web site owner  Data you enter in the form  Information you request  Cookies  Operating System, browser type  Your IP address – can help determine your geographical location  Referring page  Much more 4/26/2010 sales@ebusinessmantra.com 7
  8. 8.  Example URLs: ◦ http://www.somesite.com ◦ https://www.somesite.com http – data is unencrypted while transport from the web browser to the web server https – data is encrypted while transported from the browser to the web server Make sure that data you don’t want anyone to eavesdrop is encrypted – https in the address bar; closed lock in the status bar 4/26/2010 sales@ebusinessmantra.com 8
  9. 9. 4/26/2010 sales@ebusinessmantra.com 9
  10. 10.  Use one browser for your “important” surfing and another for “casual” browsing. That way data from one can't leak to the other (generally speaking)  Always keep an eye on the URL in the address bar  Read, Pause before clicking on anything  Logout and always close the browser window  Nothing is “really” free. Only download files from websites you trust  Don’t open attachments forwarded from your friend’s computer is corrupted  Logout and close browser/tab  The browser’s back and refresh features can be used to steal passwords from insecurely written applications.  Be careful of Google search results  Always type URL for sites where confidential information is in use. 4/26/2010 sales@ebusinessmantra.com 10
  11. 11.  Always use the red “X” in the corner of a pop-up screen  Never click “yes,” “accept” or even “cancel”, because it could be a trick that installs software on your PC 4/26/2010 sales@ebusinessmantra.com 11
  12. 12. An Internet firewall is like a moat around a castle, creating a barrier between your computer and the Internet 4/26/2010 sales@ebusinessmantra.com 12
  13. 13.  Search results may contain malicious web site  Does it make sense? 4/26/2010 sales@ebusinessmantra.com
  14. 14.  Keep passwords private and create ones that are hard to “crack”  Use password checker (See resources)  Never share your passwords with friends or be tricked into giving them away  Do not email login name and password together  Do not text message your login information  If you do have to write, keep the paper in safe keeping 4/26/2010 sales@ebusinessmantra.com 14
  15. 15.  Avoid creating passwords using ◦ Dictionary words in any language.  Words in all languages are vulnerable  Words spelled backwards, common misspellings, and abbreviations ◦ Sequences or repeated characters.  Examples: 12345678, 222222, abcdefg, or adjacent letters on your keyboard (qwerty) ◦ Personal information.  Your name, birthday, driver's license, passport number, or similar information 4/26/2010 sales@ebusinessmantra.com 15
  16. 16.  Web browser ◦ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Web_browser  How browser works ◦ http://taligarsiel.com/Projects/howbrowserswork1.htm  Securing your browser ◦ http://www.cert.org/tech_tips/securing_browser/  Analysis: Browser Security ◦ http://www.networkcomputing.com/wireless/analysis-browser- security.php  Microsoft Online Safety ◦ http://www.microsoft.com/protect  Get Wise ◦ http://www.getnetwise.org  Password Checker ◦ https://www.microsoft.com/protect/fraud/passwords/checker.aspx?WT.mc _id=Site_Link 4/26/2010 sales@ebusinessmantra.com 16

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