From Student To Scientist Cit 2005

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From Student To Scientist Cit 2005

  1. 1. From Student to Scientist Using a team-teaching approach to develop scientific communication skills Elizabeth Brown , Science Reference Librarian / Bibliographer Wayne E. Jones, Jr. , Associate Professor of Chemistry Binghamton University CIT 2005 May 25, 2005
  2. 2. Overview <ul><li>Graduate Curricula in the Sciences </li></ul><ul><li>Graduate Seminar Course </li></ul><ul><li>Library and Research Skills </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborative Teaching </li></ul><ul><li>Student-Centered Learning Activities </li></ul><ul><li>Course Management Software </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching Strategies and Class Organization </li></ul>
  3. 3. Graduate Curricula in the Sciences <ul><li>Introduction to Research Seminar </li></ul><ul><li>Library Searching and Research Skills class </li></ul><ul><li>Presentations: faculty, administrators, support staff </li></ul>
  4. 4. Graduate Seminar Course - Binghamton University <ul><li>Develop scientific communication skills, ethics, and survival skills for the Chemistry graduate student </li></ul><ul><li>Incorporate team building, technology, collaborative instruction, and student- based peer review into a capstone course for the student </li></ul><ul><li>2 credit seminar course required for the MS and PhD Chemistry programs at BU </li></ul>
  5. 5. Goals of the Graduate Seminar Course <ul><li>Discuss the 5 P’s of scientific communication: </li></ul><ul><li>Presentation, Publications, Proposals, Peer Review, Panel Review </li></ul><ul><li>Research and learning is an iterative process </li></ul><ul><li>Incorporate peer review into course assignments </li></ul><ul><li>Share teaching duties between the Library and the Chemistry Department </li></ul><ul><li>Utilize course management system (CMS) software to create group and individual work spaces (Blackboard) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Library and Research Skills <ul><li>Amount of instruction varies </li></ul><ul><li>Complete course on skill-building </li></ul><ul><li>Course-integrated instruction: 1-3 class sessions on specific search needs </li></ul><ul><li>No formal skill training </li></ul>
  7. 7. Library and Research Skills: Essential Elements <ul><li>Subject specific electronic journal indexes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Geology GeorefS Chemistry Scifinder Scholar Biology BIOSIS </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Search strategies and material formats </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chemistry Structure and Reaction Searches Engineering Proceedings, Standards, Patents Biology Gene Sequences </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Library and Research Skills: Essential Elements <ul><li>Print and online websites </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chemistry Aldrich, Sadler spectra Houben-Weyl, Gmelin handbooks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mathematics CRC Mathematical Tables </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Narrowing and refining searches </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Boolean Operators (and, or, not) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Advanced Search Fields </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Refine / Analyze features (Scifinder Scholar) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Descriptors, Identifiers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thesauri </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Collaborative Teaching Benefits <ul><li>Librarian </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More contact with students and faculty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Greater awareness of research trends </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More visibility with department </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Instructor </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fewer lectures, shared grading </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Greater awareness of library tools for students </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More contact with librarians </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Collaboration Suggestions <ul><li>Assign specific lectures to each instructor </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Science faculty writing, presentations, proposals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Librarian searching specialized sources </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Assign one instructor to take the lead on each assignment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Science faculty Proposal, Panel Review </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Librarian Oral, Poster Presentations </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Course Assignments (25% each) <ul><li>Oral Presentation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>10-13 minute “conference” presentation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Proposal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Description of a new research idea and its’ background </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Panel Review </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Discussion and rating of student proposals </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Poster Presentation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Conference poster of proposal background and summary </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Student-Centered Learning Benefits <ul><li>Becoming more common in K-12 curricula </li></ul><ul><li>Works well with project assignments </li></ul><ul><li>Develops communication skills </li></ul><ul><li>Also: </li></ul><ul><li>Expectation in the workforce that graduates will be competent on collaborative group work </li></ul>
  13. 13. Student-Centered Learning Suggestions <ul><li>Peer evaluation of work </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Oral Presentations (evaluation sheet) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Proposal Panel Review (score and report) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Course Discussion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Writing Process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scientific Ethics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Art of Presentation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Proposal development and structure </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Course Management Software (CMS) Benefits <ul><li>Course materials in one web location </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Course documents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Class Announcements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communications folder </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Group Pages </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Class Roster </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Send Email </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>File sharing and collaborative tools </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Individual and group file spaces </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Distribute reports, evaluations, reviews to student </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Individual and Group File Spaces <ul><li>Individual Spaces </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Communications menu </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Group Pages option </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Create a folder for each student to store all documents </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Create an individual group </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Control panel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Select Manage Groups from the User Management section </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Select Add Group </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use the Student Name as the group name, click submit and OK </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Select Modify group, then Add Users to Group option </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Select student and instructors, click Submit and OK twice </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Uses of Individual Groups <ul><li>Collect all documents from the student in one place </li></ul><ul><li>Gauge student activity in the class </li></ul><ul><li>Grade proposals, evaluations, reviews </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Version control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Track changes by different authors – different colored changes in Word </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Why incorporate these ideas into one course? <ul><li>Course approach is applicable to a variety of career goals (Academe, Industry, Teaching) </li></ul><ul><li>Student-oriented discussions generate spontaneous questions from students </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrates communication and scholarship is an iterative process </li></ul><ul><li>Helps a researcher better understand their potential audience </li></ul><ul><li>Shared teaching shows that research skills are learned inside and outside the classroom </li></ul>
  18. 18. More Collaboration Suggestions <ul><li>Develop syllabus collaboratively </li></ul><ul><li>Equally distribute responsibilities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1/3 Science Faculty, 1/3 Librarian, 1/3 Student </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Both instructors present at each class </li></ul><ul><li>Elicit feedback from students at the end of the semester </li></ul><ul><li>Designate a leader for each part of the class </li></ul>
  19. 19. How to Get Started <ul><li>Science Faculty </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Find your subject librarian </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Search the library web site for sources specific to the subject </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Librarian </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Search course listings for seminar classes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Meet with library representative, department chair </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Attend teaching and campus events – locate teaching innovators </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Scientific Communication Manuscript, Grant Writing Oral, Poster Presentations Peer Review Presentation and Self-Promotion Goal

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