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Erin Brockette Reilly
Comparative Media Studies
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
I’m Erin Reilly. I’m the Research Di...
As journalists, we gather data, analyze, write about it, check our sources along the way and disseminate out the stories t...
as journalists...
gather data
analyze
write
check sources
disseminate stories
As journalists, we gather data, analyze, wri...
characteristics of a participatory culture
1. Relatively low barriers for engagement
2. Strong support for sharing creatio...
characteristics of a participatory culture
1. Relatively low barriers for engagement
2. Strong support for sharing creatio...
consumers
creators
circulators
connectors
collaborators
Participatory Culture
As journalists, we gather data, analyze, wri...
In our white paper, “Confronting the Challenges of Participatory Culture: Media Education in the 21st Century”, that you c...
www.newmedialiteracies.org
In our white paper, “Confronting the Challenges of Participatory Culture: Media Education in th...
In our white paper, “Confronting the Challenges of Participatory Culture: Media Education in the 21st Century”, that you c...
• Print Literacies
• Media Literacies
• Research Skills
•Technical Skills
In our white paper, “Confronting the Challenges ...
collective intelligence
networking
negotiation
judgment
play
performance
simulation
multitasking
distributed cognition
tra...
social skills and cultural competencies
“tools to think with”
collective intelligence
networking
negotiation
judgment
play...
Pakistan’s State of Emergency
2007 - 2008
President Musharraf of Pakistan
For 42 days at the end of 2007, President Mushar...
Pakistan’s State of Emergency
2007 - 2008
media vacuum created -- rise of new media outlets
For 42 days at the end of 2007...
collaborating in the news
The gathering at Lahore University of Management Sciences was among the largest of the civil mov...
collaborating in the news
collective intelligence: the ability to pool
knowledge and compare notes with others
toward a co...
creating the news
What began as an informative on-campus handout turned quickly to multiple alternative media platforms. S...
creating the news
What began as an informative on-campus handout turned quickly to multiple alternative media platforms. S...
creating the news
transmedia navigation: the ability to
follow the flow of stories and information
across multiple platform...
circulating the news
captions
date of event
location
context of activities
people involved
Another motivating factor was t...
circulating the news
judgment: the ability to evaluate the
reliability and credibility of different
information sources
An...
connecting with the news
“Influentials”
What motivated this movement were the people within it. Within every network are “i...
connecting with the news
networking: the ability to search for,
synthesize, and disseminate information
What motivated thi...
Pakistan’s State of Emergency
As we think of the needs for journalism education and training, we don’t have to wait for an...
engaged youth
As we think of the needs for journalism education and training, we don’t have to wait for an emergency to en...
our view: three core challenges
the participation gap
≠
There is unequal access to the opportunities, experiences, skills,...
our view: three core challenges
the transparency problem
Students need to have a better understanding of the way media is ...
our view: three core challenges
the ethics challenge
The more we move towards a dialogue, the more the possibility of a br...
Overall Guiding Research Question
What’s the most effective and scaleable way of fostering
equitable, ethical, and transpa...
how do we integrate these new media literacies
across curricula?
So, how do we integrate the new media literacies across c...
how do we integrate these new media literacies
across curricula?
exercises - explore and practice skills
exemplars - criti...
explores collaborative knowledge building
among expert and novice voices
learning in a participatory culture
So, how do we...
Next Steps...
Expand the global connection
of New Media Literacies by
understanding the emerging
“global media culture,” t...
www.newmedialiteracies.org
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Journalism & the New Media Literacies 101608

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Journalism is in a paradigm shift. More than any generation to come before them, today’s young people are participating in the creation and sharing of culture with the immediacy and connectedness that a digitally networked world provides. In many cases, these young adults are actively involved in what we are calling participatory cultures; a participatory culture shifts the focus of literacy from one of individual expression to one of community involvement.

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Transcript of "Journalism & the New Media Literacies 101608"

  1. 1. Erin Brockette Reilly Comparative Media Studies Massachusetts Institute of Technology I’m Erin Reilly. I’m the Research Director for MIT’s Comparative Media Studies Project New Media Literacies.
  2. 2. As journalists, we gather data, analyze, write about it, check our sources along the way and disseminate out the stories to the communities. But today, young adults are actively involved in what we are calling participatory cultures A participatory culture shifts the focus of literacy from one of individual expression to one of community involvement and this is creating a paradigm shift for journalism. Rather than just consuming the news, the community is organizing to be creators, circulators, connectors and collaborators of information.
  3. 3. as journalists... gather data analyze write check sources disseminate stories As journalists, we gather data, analyze, write about it, check our sources along the way and disseminate out the stories to the communities. But today, young adults are actively involved in what we are calling participatory cultures A participatory culture shifts the focus of literacy from one of individual expression to one of community involvement and this is creating a paradigm shift for journalism. Rather than just consuming the news, the community is organizing to be creators, circulators, connectors and collaborators of information.
  4. 4. characteristics of a participatory culture 1. Relatively low barriers for engagement 2. Strong support for sharing creations with others 3. Informal mentorships 4. Members believe their contributions matter 5. Care about others’ opinions of self and work As journalists, we gather data, analyze, write about it, check our sources along the way and disseminate out the stories to the communities. But today, young adults are actively involved in what we are calling participatory cultures A participatory culture shifts the focus of literacy from one of individual expression to one of community involvement and this is creating a paradigm shift for journalism. Rather than just consuming the news, the community is organizing to be creators, circulators, connectors and collaborators of information.
  5. 5. characteristics of a participatory culture 1. Relatively low barriers for engagement 2. Strong support for sharing creations with others 3. Informal mentorships 4. Members believe their contributions matter 5. Care about others’ opinions of self and work Shifts the focus from individual expression to one of community involvement As journalists, we gather data, analyze, write about it, check our sources along the way and disseminate out the stories to the communities. But today, young adults are actively involved in what we are calling participatory cultures A participatory culture shifts the focus of literacy from one of individual expression to one of community involvement and this is creating a paradigm shift for journalism. Rather than just consuming the news, the community is organizing to be creators, circulators, connectors and collaborators of information.
  6. 6. consumers creators circulators connectors collaborators Participatory Culture As journalists, we gather data, analyze, write about it, check our sources along the way and disseminate out the stories to the communities. But today, young adults are actively involved in what we are calling participatory cultures A participatory culture shifts the focus of literacy from one of individual expression to one of community involvement and this is creating a paradigm shift for journalism. Rather than just consuming the news, the community is organizing to be creators, circulators, connectors and collaborators of information.
  7. 7. In our white paper, “Confronting the Challenges of Participatory Culture: Media Education in the 21st Century”, that you can download here at our website.
  8. 8. www.newmedialiteracies.org In our white paper, “Confronting the Challenges of Participatory Culture: Media Education in the 21st Century”, that you can download here at our website.
  9. 9. In our white paper, “Confronting the Challenges of Participatory Culture: Media Education in the 21st Century”, that you can download here at our website.
  10. 10. • Print Literacies • Media Literacies • Research Skills •Technical Skills In our white paper, “Confronting the Challenges of Participatory Culture: Media Education in the 21st Century”, that you can download here at our website.
  11. 11. collective intelligence networking negotiation judgment play performance simulation multitasking distributed cognition transmedia navigation appropriation visualization social skills and cultural competencies “tools to think with” collective intelligence networking negotiation judgment play performance simulation multitasking distributed cognition transmedia navigation appropriation visualization We outline that the New Media Literacies, a set of social practices and cultural competencies And build upon literacies already taught in the classroom, including print literacy, media literacy, research, technical and critical analysis skills. The New Media Literacies are great “tools to think with”. They provide a deeper understanding of how all forms of media interacts with our daily lives. One of the most notable current events that exemplify the NML skills in action happened in Pakistan.
  12. 12. social skills and cultural competencies “tools to think with” collective intelligence networking negotiation judgment play performance simulation multitasking distributed cognition transmedia navigation appropriation visualization We outline that the New Media Literacies, a set of social practices and cultural competencies And build upon literacies already taught in the classroom, including print literacy, media literacy, research, technical and critical analysis skills. The New Media Literacies are great “tools to think with”. They provide a deeper understanding of how all forms of media interacts with our daily lives. One of the most notable current events that exemplify the NML skills in action happened in Pakistan.
  13. 13. Pakistan’s State of Emergency 2007 - 2008 President Musharraf of Pakistan For 42 days at the end of 2007, President Musharraf of Pakistan declared a state of emergency cracking down on all televisions stations to deliver the news. This arguably had a greater impact on Pakistan’s media landscape than on the whole of its political history. During emergency rule, the ban of traditional media outlets allowed for the rise of new media outlets as viable alternatives for information dissemination and community organizing.
  14. 14. Pakistan’s State of Emergency 2007 - 2008 media vacuum created -- rise of new media outlets For 42 days at the end of 2007, President Musharraf of Pakistan declared a state of emergency cracking down on all televisions stations to deliver the news. This arguably had a greater impact on Pakistan’s media landscape than on the whole of its political history. During emergency rule, the ban of traditional media outlets allowed for the rise of new media outlets as viable alternatives for information dissemination and community organizing.
  15. 15. collaborating in the news The gathering at Lahore University of Management Sciences was among the largest of the civil movements launched by lawyers, journalists, and students against the emergency. Practicing the NML skill, Collective Intelligence — Students organized, documented, warned, monitored and created a dialogue on their current situation.
  16. 16. collaborating in the news collective intelligence: the ability to pool knowledge and compare notes with others toward a common goal The gathering at Lahore University of Management Sciences was among the largest of the civil movements launched by lawyers, journalists, and students against the emergency. Practicing the NML skill, Collective Intelligence — Students organized, documented, warned, monitored and created a dialogue on their current situation.
  17. 17. creating the news What began as an informative on-campus handout turned quickly to multiple alternative media platforms. Students used both offline and online media including posters, bulletin boards, blogs, newsletters, social networks, SMS messaging, flickR and YouTube to express solidarity and oppose emergency rule. The Emergency Times blog and newsletter exemplify the collision and collusion between old and new media that helped shape civic action against President Musharraf’s increasingly authoritarian rule. All of these media forms exemplify the NML skill, Transmedia Navigation
  18. 18. creating the news What began as an informative on-campus handout turned quickly to multiple alternative media platforms. Students used both offline and online media including posters, bulletin boards, blogs, newsletters, social networks, SMS messaging, flickR and YouTube to express solidarity and oppose emergency rule. The Emergency Times blog and newsletter exemplify the collision and collusion between old and new media that helped shape civic action against President Musharraf’s increasingly authoritarian rule. All of these media forms exemplify the NML skill, Transmedia Navigation
  19. 19. creating the news transmedia navigation: the ability to follow the flow of stories and information across multiple platforms What began as an informative on-campus handout turned quickly to multiple alternative media platforms. Students used both offline and online media including posters, bulletin boards, blogs, newsletters, social networks, SMS messaging, flickR and YouTube to express solidarity and oppose emergency rule. The Emergency Times blog and newsletter exemplify the collision and collusion between old and new media that helped shape civic action against President Musharraf’s increasingly authoritarian rule. All of these media forms exemplify the NML skill, Transmedia Navigation
  20. 20. circulating the news captions date of event location context of activities people involved Another motivating factor was that within 5 days from start of emergency rule, the community learned that in order to spread and replicate the message, media had to be clearly titled and tagged. In many cases, the clips included captions that dated the event, identified the location, and contextualized the students’ activities, which allowed consumers of the news to better use the NML skill, Judgment. This difference suggests that students were aware that their collectively generated coverage of the campus protests was the primary source of information for those looking for coverage of responses to the political crisis, on both local and global levels.
  21. 21. circulating the news judgment: the ability to evaluate the reliability and credibility of different information sources Another motivating factor was that within 5 days from start of emergency rule, the community learned that in order to spread and replicate the message, media had to be clearly titled and tagged. In many cases, the clips included captions that dated the event, identified the location, and contextualized the students’ activities, which allowed consumers of the news to better use the NML skill, Judgment. This difference suggests that students were aware that their collectively generated coverage of the campus protests was the primary source of information for those looking for coverage of responses to the political crisis, on both local and global levels.
  22. 22. connecting with the news “Influentials” What motivated this movement were the people within it. Within every network are “influentials,” certain people on the list who forward the message to their wider network that are eventually incorporated into the original list. By using the NML skill, Networking — These connectors help gather momentum and the information from the students at the University gained credibility as it expanded to serve the activist community at large.
  23. 23. connecting with the news networking: the ability to search for, synthesize, and disseminate information What motivated this movement were the people within it. Within every network are “influentials,” certain people on the list who forward the message to their wider network that are eventually incorporated into the original list. By using the NML skill, Networking — These connectors help gather momentum and the information from the students at the University gained credibility as it expanded to serve the activist community at large.
  24. 24. Pakistan’s State of Emergency As we think of the needs for journalism education and training, we don’t have to wait for an emergency to engage students in participating. You can argue that this example shows that students acquire these key skills and competencies on their own by interacting with culture. Three concerns, however, suggest the need for policy and pedagogical interventions.
  25. 25. engaged youth As we think of the needs for journalism education and training, we don’t have to wait for an emergency to engage students in participating. You can argue that this example shows that students acquire these key skills and competencies on their own by interacting with culture. Three concerns, however, suggest the need for policy and pedagogical interventions.
  26. 26. our view: three core challenges the participation gap ≠ There is unequal access to the opportunities, experiences, skills, and knowledge that will prepare youth for full participation in the world of tomorrow, both on a local and global scale. There will be students at different levels with the NML skills. We need to validate the skills and learn to harness them in relation to school content. These skills put the people first and not the technology.
  27. 27. our view: three core challenges the transparency problem Students need to have a better understanding of the way media is touching their lives and learn to see clearly the ways that media shape perceptions of the world.
  28. 28. our view: three core challenges the ethics challenge The more we move towards a dialogue, the more the possibility of a breakdown of traditional forms of professional training and socialization that might prepare young people for their increasingly public roles as media-makers and community participants.
  29. 29. Overall Guiding Research Question What’s the most effective and scaleable way of fostering equitable, ethical, and transparent new media literacy practices in formal and informal learning environments? Our over-arching question that pushes our research forward is “What’s the most effective and scaleable way of fostering equitable, ethical, and transparent new media literacy practices in formal and informal learning environments?
  30. 30. how do we integrate these new media literacies across curricula? So, how do we integrate the new media literacies across curricula? We have identified the 4 E’s as an approach to integrating the new media literacies across curricula. When developing material in both formal and informal learning environments, we work to incorporate exemplars, exercises, expressions and ethical choices into the framework
  31. 31. how do we integrate these new media literacies across curricula? exercises - explore and practice skills exemplars - critically analyze media texts expressions - create and share content ethics - critically reflect on consequences of choices So, how do we integrate the new media literacies across curricula? We have identified the 4 E’s as an approach to integrating the new media literacies across curricula. When developing material in both formal and informal learning environments, we work to incorporate exemplars, exercises, expressions and ethical choices into the framework
  32. 32. explores collaborative knowledge building among expert and novice voices learning in a participatory culture So, how do we integrate the new media literacies across curricula? We have identified the 4 E’s as an approach to integrating the new media literacies across curricula. When developing material in both formal and informal learning environments, we work to incorporate exemplars, exercises, expressions and ethical choices into the framework
  33. 33. Next Steps... Expand the global connection of New Media Literacies by understanding the emerging “global media culture,” the cross-pollination of national and international cultural traditions, and the new styles and genres developing in this context. To practice what we preach and explore collaborative knowledge building among expert and novice voices. Fostering the new media literacies requires collaboration and networking and practice at pooling knowledge, comparing notes and having the ability to evaluate the reliability and credibility of different information sources.
  34. 34. www.newmedialiteracies.org
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