Comparativemethod
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Comparativemethod

on

  • 635 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
635
Views on SlideShare
635
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
6
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    Comparativemethod Comparativemethod Presentation Transcript

    • The Comparative Method
      • Reconstructing Pre-Historic Languages
    • Reconstruction of Pre-Historic Languages depends on cognates English Dutch German Norwegian Lithuanian Celtic mother moeder mutter mor mater mathair Latin Italian Spanish French Sanskrit Greek mater madre madre mere matar meter
    • English “two” and Latin “duo” False Cognates: English “day” and Latin “dies” Cognates: similar words in two or more languages that have a common ancestor
    • English “virtue” borrowed from Latin “virtus” Loan Word: A word borrowed from another language, not having the same ancestor or root.
    • Regular Occurrences of Phonemes Unknown Proto-Language: m______r English m_____r German m_____r Latin m_____r
    • “ Regularity of Sound Correspondences” pes foot Latin English pater father caput heafod (Old English) pisces fish Proto-Language p Latin p; English f
    • A Complete Reconstruction From McWhorter, from Watkins Cognates: General Idea of Sister-in-Law Sanskrit snuṣaa Old English snoru Old Church Slavonic sn ŭ kha Russian snokha Latin nurus Greek nuos Armenian nu
    • Initial Sound Easiest to postulate some languages lost an s rather than a few all coincidentally added an s Many other examples of Greek, Latin and Armenian losing the s before an n Therefore, initial sounds in our Proto-Language word were sn
    • First Vowel Sanskrit, Latin, Greek, and Armenian all have u Regular Sound Correspondences: Slavic ŭ corresponds with Sanskrit u; Germanic u has evolved into Old English o Therefore, first vowel sound in Proto-Language word is u
    • Next Consonant After u, Slavic has kh where older languages have s After u, Sanskrit s changes to ṣ Under certain conditions, Latin s and Germanic s change to r (e.g., flos, floris; was, were) All point to earlier s
    • Final Reconstructed Proto-word snusos’