Language Arts Topics Review Ms. Brand
SHORT STORIES
SHORT STORIES <ul><li>Title </li></ul><ul><li>Author </li></ul><ul><li>Setting- Place, Time where story takes place </li><...
Plot <ul><li>Exposition- Background info.  </li></ul><ul><li>Rising Action- conflicts/actions that increase the interest i...
NONFICTION
NONFICTION <ul><li>Definition- writing that tells about real people, places, and events. It contains actual info. That can...
Autobiography <ul><li>Story of person’s life told by that person. Written in first person.  </li></ul><ul><li>Usually a lo...
Biography <ul><li>Story of person’s life told by someone else. Written in third person.  </li></ul><ul><li>Info. is gather...
Article and Interview <ul><li>Article:  </li></ul><ul><li>Provides facts about a subject.  </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: New...
Research/Reference   <ul><li>Encyclopedia -multiple volumes; general information about a variety of subjects  </li></ul><u...
Parts of a Book:   <ul><li>Title page- gives full title, author, publisher, and place of publication </li></ul><ul><li>Cop...
POETRY
Poetry (figurative language)   <ul><li>Alliteration : The repetition of beginning consonant sounds. Ex. Might Men make mon...
Figurative Language (cont.)   <ul><li>Simile : A comparison between two unlike things using the words “like” or “as”. Ex. ...
FOLKLORE
Folklore <ul><li>Traditions, stories, and customes passed down orally by a culture.  </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: Myths, Fa...
Myths <ul><li>Attempt to answer basic questions about the world and are considered true by the tellers.  Example: Narcissu...
Fables <ul><li>Short Tales that illustrate human morals.  </li></ul><ul><li>Usually have animals as characters.  </li></ul...
Legends <ul><li>Stories based on real person or events </li></ul><ul><li>Can be embellished or exaggerated.  </li></ul><ul...
Folk Tales/Fairy Tales <ul><li>Stories with simple folk or animals that are funny.  </li></ul><ul><li>Usually include the ...
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Yearly Topics

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Topics and concepts taught during 7th grade LA. This is usually viewed prior to taking the state test.

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Yearly Topics

  1. 1. Language Arts Topics Review Ms. Brand
  2. 2. SHORT STORIES
  3. 3. SHORT STORIES <ul><li>Title </li></ul><ul><li>Author </li></ul><ul><li>Setting- Place, Time where story takes place </li></ul><ul><li>Characters- Dynamic and Static </li></ul><ul><li>Point of View- 1 st , 2 nd , 3 rd </li></ul><ul><li>Plot- sequence of events </li></ul><ul><li>Theme- What is the lesson or main idea the writer is trying to get across. </li></ul><ul><li>Conflict- Internal vs. External </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Man vs. nature, Man vs. Man, Man vs. Himself. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Plot <ul><li>Exposition- Background info. </li></ul><ul><li>Rising Action- conflicts/actions that increase the interest in the story. </li></ul><ul><li>Climax- the highest point of anticipation in the story. The conflict comes to a final confrontation. </li></ul><ul><li>Falling Action- Wrapping up all lose ends. Everything is finally explained. </li></ul>
  5. 5. NONFICTION
  6. 6. NONFICTION <ul><li>Definition- writing that tells about real people, places, and events. It contains actual info. That can be arranged any way the writer chooses. </li></ul><ul><li>Autobiography, Biography, Essay, Article, Interview </li></ul>
  7. 7. Autobiography <ul><li>Story of person’s life told by that person. Written in first person. </li></ul><ul><li>Usually a long work covering a long part of writer’s life. </li></ul><ul><li>Often told in narrative form (like a novel) </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: Journals, Diaries, Memoirs (memories), and letters. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Biography <ul><li>Story of person’s life told by someone else. Written in third person. </li></ul><ul><li>Info. is gathered by reading letters and diaries. </li></ul><ul><li>Often told in narrative form with characters and setting. </li></ul><ul><li>Purpose is to present an accurate account of the subject’s life. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Article and Interview <ul><li>Article: </li></ul><ul><li>Provides facts about a subject. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: Newspapers, Magazine Articles, Textbooks, Pamphlets, History Books, and Gardening books. </li></ul><ul><li>Interview: </li></ul><ul><li>Conversation in which one person asks another person questions for the purpose of gathering info. </li></ul><ul><li>Helps interviewer keep an accurate account of the person’s life or a time in history. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Research/Reference <ul><li>Encyclopedia -multiple volumes; general information about a variety of subjects </li></ul><ul><li>General Biographical References Info. About birth date, nationality, major accomplishments, and of outstanding people </li></ul><ul><li>Atlases - maps and geographical info. </li></ul><ul><li>Almanacs - used to be written every year to give the previous year’s data on weather, records, economy, gov’t, tons of facts; now they are updated regularly on-line. </li></ul><ul><li>Periodicals - Information published on regular basis (newspapers, magazines, journals, etc. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Parts of a Book: <ul><li>Title page- gives full title, author, publisher, and place of publication </li></ul><ul><li>Copyright page- gives date of first publication and of any revisions </li></ul><ul><li>Table of Contents- lists titles of chapters or sections of the book and their starting page numbers </li></ul><ul><li>Appendix- provides additional information about subjects found in the book </li></ul><ul><li>Glossary- in alphabetical order, defines difficult or technical words found in the book </li></ul><ul><li>Bibliography- lists sources used to write the book; gives titles of works on related topics </li></ul><ul><li>Index- lists topics mentioned in the book and page numbers on which they can be found </li></ul>
  12. 12. POETRY
  13. 13. Poetry (figurative language) <ul><li>Alliteration : The repetition of beginning consonant sounds. Ex. Might Men make money from movies. </li></ul><ul><li>Imagery/Sensory Language : Language that appeals to the senses. Pictures are created in the readers’ minds by appealing to the sense of sight. Images can also appeal to hearing, touch, taste, and smell. </li></ul><ul><li>Metaphor : A comparison between two unlike things in which one thing is said to be another thing. Ex. My mother’s smile is a ray of sunshine. </li></ul><ul><li>Personification : A figure of speech in which a non-human thing or quality is talked about as if it were human. Ex. The trees fingers combed through my hair as the wind blew. </li></ul><ul><li>Onomatopoeia : The use of words with sounds that echo their sense. Ex. Buzz, bang, clickety-clack, hiss </li></ul>
  14. 14. Figurative Language (cont.) <ul><li>Simile : A comparison between two unlike things using the words “like” or “as”. Ex. The moths streamed toward the light like leaves in the wind. </li></ul><ul><li>Hyperbole: Intentional use of exaggeration not meant to be taken literally. Ex. The exciting news sent me to the moon. </li></ul><ul><li>Internal rhyme vs. End rhyme : Internal rhyme is when the rhyme occurs in the middle of a sentence and rhymes with a word at the end of the same sentence or in the middle of another sentence. End rhyme occurs when the end of one sentence rhymes with another sentence. </li></ul>
  15. 15. FOLKLORE
  16. 16. Folklore <ul><li>Traditions, stories, and customes passed down orally by a culture. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: Myths, Fables, Legends, Folktales </li></ul><ul><li>1. Keeps the past alive. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Teaches moral lessons about human behavior. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Reveals values of the society. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Myths <ul><li>Attempt to answer basic questions about the world and are considered true by the tellers. Example: Narcissus, Zeus, etc. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Fables <ul><li>Short Tales that illustrate human morals. </li></ul><ul><li>Usually have animals as characters. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: The Ant and the Grasshopper, For Richer For Poorer </li></ul>
  19. 19. Legends <ul><li>Stories based on real person or events </li></ul><ul><li>Can be embellished or exaggerated. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: John Henry, Johnny Appleseed, Paul Bunyan, etc. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Folk Tales/Fairy Tales <ul><li>Stories with simple folk or animals that are funny. </li></ul><ul><li>Usually include the elements of magic and have castles and royalty. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Cinderella, Beauty and the Beast, etc. </li></ul>

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